The concept for the UN was started while WWII still raged on. No one wanted a repeat of the waste and disarray of another global conflict.
President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill, Maxim Litvinov of the USSR, and T. V. Soong of China, signed a short document which later came to be known as the United Nations Declaration and the next day the representatives of twenty-two other nations added their signatures.
On April 25, 1945, 50 governments met in San Francisco for a conference and started drafting the UN Charter. The group’s objectives included maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development, and upholding international law.
At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; this number grew to 193 in 2011.
UN membership grew significantly following widespread decolonization beginning in the 1960s. Eighty former colonies have since gained independence,
By the 1970s, the UN's budget for economic and social development programs far outstripped its spending on peacekeeping. The UN is financed from assessed and voluntary contributions from member states. This is broadly based on the relative capacity of each country to pay, as measured by its gross national income (GNI), with adjustments for external debt and low per capita income.
By creating and maintaining a global community, the UN as an institution has, to a great degree, enhanced and expanded the process of globalization.
Today, the United States is the largest provider of financial contributions to the United Nations, providing 22 percent of the entire UN budget in 2017 (in comparison the next biggest contributor is China with 12.5 percent, while EU countries pay a total of above 30 percent). And Russia at 2.5%. The UN General Assembly on Friday adopted a budget of $3,073,830,500 for the United Nations to cover the year 2020.
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