The economy is acting weirdly right now, here are some reasons why:

Low interest rates aren't driving spending

Interest rates have remained low, but borrowing and spending haven't picked up as they should. 

Individual debt is at an all-time high

Household debt has a powerful distorting effect on consumer spending and demand, and it's at an all-time high.

Vast inequality distorts most other activity

Income inequality in the U.S. is the highest it's been since the Great Depression, and that disparity keeps growing with every year.

Companies are hoarding spendable capital

One of the great challenges of modern economic policy is figuring out how to encourage greater corporate spending.

The economy isn't growing

Some suggest that permanent, structural forces are pushing down the economy.

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