Wall Street is divided on Cisco's (CSCO) - Get Report prospects. On one side of the argument are two firms that expect the communications technology company to generate a sustainable long-term growth rate of 15% for both the top and bottom lines. On the other are two analysts who see demand for Cisco's products slipping away as economic growth slows at home and abroad.
Although the company does not provide financial updates during the quarter, Cisco itself is remaining optimistic despite deteriorating economic conditions. "While we remain focused on what we can control, as we have said in the past, Cisco is not immune to macroeconomic conditions," company spokesperson Robyn Jenkins Blum said in an emailed statement.
Investors may not find out the true impact of an economic recession on Cisco until it next reports earnings on May 6, but the stock is telling a different story. Since hitting a 52-week high in November, shares of Cisco have dropped 30%. Additionally, Cisco options show that investors are protecting themselves against a possible downturn in the stock. The put-to-call ratio has been creeping higher, indicating that traders expect the stock to decline further.
Cisco isnt alone in this trend. Rivals
have fallen between 35% and 60% for the year amid weakness in equipment sales. All four of those companies have also had to cut jobs as a cost-saving measure.
History tells us that network stocks could fall even further if we are indeed in a recession. During the last U.S. economic recession, Cisco plummeted roughly 70% from its high in January of 2001 to its nadir in September of that year. Still, the stock performed better than its rivals. During the same period,
shed more than 90%, Nortel dropped nearly 88%, Tellabs fell 85%, and the former Lucent Technologies fell about 75%.
"Unlike past downturns, we don't get the sense of a 'bubble' in IT spending, nor a large inventory overhang," says American Technology Research analyst Mark McKechnie. He warns, though, that "Cisco is seen as a global indicator of IT and carrier spending, so it is clearly not immune to macro headwinds."
The Negative Take
On that note, let's take the negative view of Cisco first. During the company's fiscal second-quarter earnings call on Feb. 7, CEO John Chambers cut fiscal third-quarter guidance to 10% growth, down from the 15% growth rate previously expected. While cutting the current quarter's forecast, Chambers did reiterate that the company's long-term annual growth rate will continue to be somewhere in a range of 12% to 17%.
A month later, Chambers reiterated his long-term view at a tech conference, saying that he was even more comfortable with the company's long-term growth estimate. UBS analyst Nikos Theodosopoulos disagrees with Chambers' outlook, saying that the slowing environment prompts him to believe that Cisco's growth target of 12% to 17% may be a little too aggressive.
"Our industry checks show orders are slowing which gives us concern about the July quarter," said Theodosopoulos in a research note. "Recent checks indicate that in addition to prior softness in U.S. enterprise, European enterprise is slowing a bit." He also notes that emerging markets, while still strong, are growing in the 25% to 30% range, not the 30% to 40% target that many expect.
Those comments echo what JPMorgan analyst Ehud Gelblum said after the firm downgraded Cisco's stock to neutral from overweight on April 7. "It appears that Cisco's international and specifically emerging markets exposure is not enough to offset slowing in North American and Europe, making Cisco not the safe place to weather the economic storm we thought," Gelblum said in a note.
Theodosopoulos adds that historical analysis of $40 billion-plus tech companies indicates that they require acquisitions in order to hit a 12% to 17% growth target, something Cisco hasn't done much of. Chambers said in March that Cisco would be aggressive in acquisitions that would expand into other technologies, as opposed to acquiring competitors, but little evidence of that has emerged.
Of course, Cisco has acquired more than 125 companies in the last 15 years, but a buyout hasn't occurred since November 2007 when the company acquired the software maker Securent.
The Positive Take
Despite these views, there are a handful of analysts who find Chambers' long-term assessment correct and believe Cisco will continue to thrive despite an economic downturn. Recently, Goldman Sachs analyst Simona Jankowski added Cisco's buy-rated stock to Goldman's conviction-buy list and said the firm expects a sustainable long-term growth rate of 15% for both the top and bottom lines.
"Longer term, as network intelligence and bandwidth growth increase, Cisco will have growth opportunities in all its key markets," Jankowski said. Jankowski also raised the firm's fiscal third-quarter estimate, excluding items, to 37 cents a share, which is a penny higher than Wall Street's average estimate.
Also on the bright side, AmTech's McKechnie says that Cisco's strong product position will "help it weather the transition ahead of the recovery," even if it isn't clear how long or deep an economic downturn will be. "
Cisco will maintain or more likely gain share during the downturn and will also likely make key strategic acquisitions to better position itself for the ultimate recovery," he said in a research note.
Cisco is also quick to point out that while other networking rivals are set to report on results from January to March, Cisco's last earnings release in early February included the entire month of January, along with November and December. Whether the company's next earnings report provides more clarity by including results from April remains to be seen.