Last year personal computer makers that offered customers value won big, and this year will be no different. It's this cut-and-dried because in a maturing PC market, there aren't that many variables. Apart from adding color.
In terms of innovation,
offered leasing programs and opened its own
. Little else emerged unless you count the industrywide rebate packages offered by PC makers. The one big innovation last year was replacing the dull gray by the color teal, which is what
did with its new
model, which sold 800,000 last year. Thanks to iMac, Apple's market share doubled to 10% of the domestic market. "November capped off an impressive four-month run for the iMac," says Stephen Baker of
Already this year, Apple has introduced more colorful models for later this year. Look for other PC makers to quickly copy Apple's blueprint.
Analysts are already seeing signs that the PC rebirth will continue. "We are projecting 17.5% PC growth and over 20% PC production growth in 1999,"
analyst Don Young told clients yesterday. Young's favorite pick is
, which is gaining share in the indirect sellers market from
, according to the latest figures from
Despite its success, Apple's has already lowered prices on the iMac by $100 to $1,199 to appeal to value-conscious consumers. Other PC makers will continue to try to offer everything from free Internet access to PC peripherals at a discount.
Hewlett-Packard, for example, bundled a low-priced PC unit with one of its printer products, and sold over 60,000 units in five hours last month at a price of $899, according to
BancBoston Robertson Stephens
analyst Dan Niles, who has a buy on H-P. (His firm hasn't performed any underwriting for the Palo Alto, Calif.-based outfit.)
"PC units are smoking (and it's both healthy and legal)," says Arnie Berman, managing director of
SoundView Technology Group
. "A growing number of industry players are enjoying such robust business conditions that they believe they have an unusual level of visibility into the first quarter."
Berman's most revealing statistic? About 60% of machines still aren't Y2K compliant. That means corporations will be busily upgrading their systems in the first half of 1999, after their Y2K system checks are completed by the spring. The general feeling is that the Y2K problem will help box makers, at least during the first half of 1999. The second-half outlook is less clear.
All the news out in the industry isn't good, however. Christmas week news that two PC distributors,
, were not going to meet earnings expectations may be bad news for PC companies down the line, says Jeff Matthews, a money manager with
"Ingram's announcement that it lost half a billion in sales this quarter is the most meaningful indicator I've seen that we may be in for a change for the worse," says Matthews.
"Other PC distributors such as
also have been seeing sales shortfalls, and these are the biggest corporate resellers of PCs," argues Matthews, who has a short position in Compaq's options. "The retail channel is clearly still losing share."
Expect more sales through the Internet as both Compaq and IBM will move towards a more direct model. Hewlett-Packard -- a diversified giant that has had
trouble devising a cohesive, forward-looking strategy is the last holdout in the reselling space. Early 1999 sales numbers from retail chains such as
will determine whether the retail channel is still a viable strategy for PC makers.
Investors shouldn't be alarmed when sales figures drop a bit in the first half of 1999. In fact, it's all part of the sector's seasonal downturn. Much like the retail sector, PC companies usually have much better second halves of the year. Last year was no exception. If anything, PC companies could have some upside potential in what is traditionally a slow first half thanks to Y2K. "We see 15% to 20% domestic sales growth in 1999," says Roger Lanto, an analyst with PC Data. "We see a lot of value out there for customers, especially in the first half of the year."
Value. There's that word again.