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Shift to Digital Sends More CDs to the Trash

The recording industry continues to pump out compact discs, but where do they end up? Landfills.

Americans throw away millions of CDs every year, the Environmental Protection Agency says. Who needs the clutter when you can organize your music files in a neat database on your computer?

Even though consumers made the shift long ago to

downloadable music files

, recording powerhouses like




Warner Music Group

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still rely heavily on CD sales. They're incented to keep pumping out plastic instead of embracing the green technology their customers prefer.

There isn't a lot of data about the music industry's carbon footprint. What's available is incomplete and fairly self-serving.

A British nonprofit called

Julia's Bicycle

contends that CDs are responsible for 26% of the greenhouse gases created by the U.K. music industry.

But those numbers are somewhat misleading. The group attributes the largest portion of greenhouse gas emissions to something beyond the industry's control: audience travel to live shows. Half of the gases music companies directly produce come from making and shipping CDs. Touring generates the other half, the group says.

I would expect the data for the U.S. to be comparable, but on a larger scale.

It's not hard to see why CDs are wasteful. Besides the energy it takes to make and ship them, consider the materials that go into the discs themselves. They're cooked up from a batter of gold, silver, aluminum and nickel, and petroleum-derived plastic.

Back Thru The Future

, a New Jersey-based company that recycles electronic devices, estimates that it takes 300 cubic feet of natural gas, two cups of crude oil and 24 gallons of water to make a pound of plastic, which is enough for 30 CDs.

Then there are the cases, which are made from a particularly toxic and hard-to-recycle plastic called

polyvinyl chloride


Although it's difficult to separate a CD's components for recycling, there are some programs and companies that will take them. Besides Back Thru The Future, Washington-based

Green Disk

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and the

Compact Disc Recycling Center of America

in New Hampshire have found ways to reuse or recycle CDs and their cases.

It's easier to recycle computers and MP3 players than CDs and


. Most computer makers will

take back their products

and some, like


(DELL) - Get Dell Technologies Inc Class C Report

, will take back other companies' hardware too. Stores like




Office Depot


also accept computers for recycling.

Using an MP3 player, like an


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iPod or a


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Zune also eliminates the energy and expense of traveling to a store.

I still buy CDs once in a while, but I rely on used-music stores. When I'm done with an old or disappointing CD, I give it to a friend or donate it to a charity. In the meantime, Ill keep buying online while the music industry struggles to catch up to an unhip 30-something, not to mention all those tech-savvy teenagers.

Eileen P. Gunn writes about the business of life and is the author of "Your Career Is An Extreme Sport." You can learn more about her at

her Web site.