) -- Video game companies, including

Electronic Arts



Activision Blizzard

(ATVI) - Get Report

, are continuing their shift towards digital distribution next quarter as sales of software sold in brick-and-mortar stores steadily decline, say analysts.

Consumers have started to turn from traditional shrink-wrapped games to cheaper alternatives found on


and smartphones, and big game publishers have been forced to compensate by putting a sharper focus on digital content.

Electronic Arts is aggressively pursuing a digital strategy.

EA has been particularly aggressive with this strategy, acquiring social gaming start-ups




publisher of the popular games

Angry Birds


Cut the Rope

, last year.

The Redwood Shores, Calif.-based company is also prepping for a mid-2011 launch of its highly anticipated massively multiplayer online title,

Star Wars: The Old Republic

, which is being positioned as a competitor to Activision's wildly popular

World of Warcraft


EA CEO John Riccitiello recently told


that by the end of 2011, sales of digitally-distributed games industry-wide should surpass that of packaged goods, a theme that has clearly excited EA investors. Although EA's

net loss widened

during its most recent quarter, shares have surged almost 20% since the beginning of the year as growth in the company's digital business strengthens.

EA estimates that digital revenue this year will top $750 million, or 20% of total sales, up from about $575 million, or 14%, in 2010.

A Narrower Market

While major publishers have pared down the number of console games they've released in recent quarters, they're not expected to abandon packaged goods altogether. Rather, say analysts, they'll likely invest more heavily in a handful of blockbuster franchises,

like Activision's Call of Duty


Take Two's

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Grand Theft Auto


"The console gaming business is defensible, but the market is going to become much narrower," said Atul Bagga, an analyst with ThinkEquity Partners. "If your game is not No. 2 or 3 in its category, you probably are toast."

Meanwhile, video game publishers are hoping to drive incremental revenue by selling downloadable content that accompanies packaged goods, such as expansion packs that give users access to new game areas and levels. Analysts note that these packs are typically very profitable for publishers and reduce used game sales, as they can't be sold on the secondary market like discs can.




lowered the price of its new MX vs. ATV title

to $39.99 from $59.99, hoping that the decreased price might spur users into buying more related downloadable content.

This trend is expected to continue, as publishers fight to keep budget-conscious consumers from defecting to games on social networks and smartphones.

"The goal is to sell people fewer games but to upsell them," said Todd Mitchell, an analyst with Kaufman Bros. "When you're competing with games

on certain platforms that have very low price points, you have to monetize the customer the whole way along."

But while major publishers push forward with their digital strategy, it's unclear if developing a strong mobile business will play a significant role in the near future.

Although mobile is often touted as the next big revenue driver for gaming companies, the platform may be a better fit for nimble start-ups like


than for incumbent third party publishers, said David Cole, an analyst with video game research firm DFC Intelligence.

"Mobile is a difficult business that is a rounding error in the overall scheme of things for these companies," he said. "It's better suited for a business that doesn't have all of that overhead."

Electronic Arts and

Take Two

(TTWO) - Get Report

remain the only big publishers with a mobile presence, after THQ sold its mobile division in February.

--Written by Olivia Oran in New York.

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