- Exceeded production guidance and achieved exit production growth of approximately 10 percent per share.
- Increased fourth quarter 2017 funds flow from operations by 17 percent per share and reduced net debt by $111.0 million.
- Transacted over $320 million of non-core dispositions since the beginning of 2017. Currently marketing larger disposition packages, with potential proceeds providing increased balance sheet strength.
- Organically replaced 152 percent of 2017 production, with technical revisions and additions contributing to Proved Plus Probable ("2P") reserves growth of over four percent per share and total 2P reserves of more than 1 billion boe.
- Finding and Development ("F&D") costs of $18.56 per boe generated a recycle ratio of 1.6 times. Waterflood reserves accounted for 18 percent of total organic 2P additions and supported F&D costs of $10.24 per boe in the Viewfield Bakken.
- Generated 2P Net Asset Value ("NAV") of $24.44 per share based on independent engineering escalated pricing as of December 31, 2017 and $14.39 per share based on flat WTI pricing of US$55.00 per barrel.
- Advanced new play development in 2017, resulting in over 1,000 net new internally identified risked drilling locations.
- Crescent Point achieved fourth quarter 2017 average production of 178,975 boe/d and annual average production of 176,013 boe/d, exceeding guidance. The Company achieved exit production of over 183,000 boe/d, resulting in year-over-year growth of approximately 10 percent per share.
- In the Uinta Basin, Crescent Point continued horizontal development with a combination of one-mile and two-mile wells. Following a successful one-mile Wasatch well drilled earlier in 2017, the Company completed another one-mile Wasatch well in fourth quarter, which flowed at an average 30-day initial production ("IP30") rate of over 1,350 boe/d and was comprised of over 90 percent oil and liquids. Crescent Point continues to delineate its western lands across multiple zones and has recently initiated multi-well pad drilling within its eastern lands to further enhance efficiencies.
- In the Williston Basin and southwest Saskatchewan resource plays, Crescent Point's development strategy included a combination of low-risk, high-return infill development, step-out drilling to expand economic play boundaries, down-spacing to identify new locations and waterflood advancement. Additional infrastructure to accommodate future growth in the Flat Lake resource play within the Williston Basin is expected to be completed during first quarter 2018.
- The Company's successful new play development contributed to the addition of over 1,000 net new internally identified risked drilling locations during 2017. The Company's total corporate drilling inventory includes approximately 8,100 net risked and 14,000 net unrisked locations.
- Crescent Point further enhanced its current position as a leader in emissions reduction by building new gas conservation facilities and implementing new technologies, including solar power generation and field automation. Based on most recent data from the National Energy Board, Crescent Point's emissions intensity was approximately 40 percent less than its Canadian peers.
- As part of its waterflood program, the Company had installed 50 Injection Control Device ("ICD") waterflood systems by the end of 2017, which resulted in improved water injectivity and production rates. Crescent Point's Viewfield Bakken waterflood program continues to expand and the Company remains on track to fully unitize two of the remaining original four units during 2018. Several additional units have also been identified for continued future waterflood growth.
¿ FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS
- Funds flow from operations totaled $494.7 million, or $0.90 per share diluted, in fourth quarter 2017. This represents an increase of approximately 17 percent per share over fourth quarter 2016 and highlights the Company's strong netbacks of $34.43 per boe. Crescent Point paid cash dividends of $0.09 per share during the quarter, resulting in a payout ratio of 10 percent. For the year ended December 31, 2017, Crescent Point's funds flow from operations totaled $1.73 billion, or $3.16 per share diluted.
- Total development capital expenditures in 2017, excluding land acquisitions, were $1.63 billion. This compared to guidance of $1.55 billion, as the Company advanced new play development and initiated its first quarter 2018 program in December 2017. During fourth quarter 2017, Crescent Point spent $104.5 million on land acquisitions and successfully reduced its net debt by $111.0 million, mainly driven by proceeds from non-core dispositions.
- The Company executed over $320 million of non-core dispositions since the beginning of 2017, of which approximately $20 million closed in first quarter 2018. Crescent Point is also marketing larger disposition packages during 2018, with potential proceeds providing increased balance sheet strength.
- As part of its risk management program, Crescent Point has hedged 18.8 million barrels of oil since third quarter 2017. As at February 23, 2018, the Company had 50 percent of its liquids production, net of royalty interest, hedged for first half of 2018 at a weighted average market value price of approximately CDN$73.00/bbl. For the second half of 2018 and the first half of 2019, Crescent Point had 41 percent and 17 percent of its liquids production hedged, respectively, at a weighted average market value price of approximately CDN$72.00/bbl each. The Company's commodity hedges extend through 2019 and include a significant amount of natural gas production hedged at a weighted average price of CDN$2.79 per GJ.
- Crescent Point retains a significant amount of liquidity with no material near-term debt maturities. As at December 31, 2017, cash and unutilized credit capacity was approximately $1.5 billion.
- On a 2P basis, Crescent Point replaced 152 percent of 2017 production and achieved record reserves of over 1 billion boe (89 percent oil and liquids), representing growth of over four percent per share. The Company generated 2P F&D costs of $18.56 per boe in 2017, excluding changes in Future Development Capital ("FDC"), for a recycle ratio of 1.6 times, based on an operating netback of $29.42 per boe.
- Crescent Point added 97.6 million boe ("MMboe") of organic 2P reserves in 2017 driven by successful new play development in its core areas. This growth compares to organic 2P reserves additions of 66.4 MMboe in 2016, an increase of 47 percent.
- Approximately 18 percent of total organic 2P reserves additions, or 17.3 MMboe, were attributed to waterflood projects. Crescent Point has added over 40 MMboe of 2P waterflood reserves across the Company since 2013, marking the fifth consecutive year independent evaluators have recognized tight rock waterflood additions.
- Crescent Point generated a before-tax 2P NAV of $24.44 per fully diluted share, discounted at 10 percent, based on the independent engineering escalated price forecast as of December 31, 2017.
- On a Proved ("1P") basis, Crescent Point replaced 136 percent of 2017 production and increased reserves to 631.3 MMboe (89 percent oil and liquids), representing approximately five percent growth per share. Excluding changes in FDC, 1P F&D costs totaled $20.76 per boe, for a recycle ratio of 1.4 times. Overall, 1P reserves accounted for 63 percent of total 2P reserves.
- On a Proved Developed Producing ("PDP") basis, Crescent Point replaced 143 percent of 2017 production and increased PDP reserves to 393.3 MMboe (89 percent oil and liquids), representing over seven percent growth per share. PDP F&D costs totaled $19.79 per boe, excluding changes in FDC, representing a recycle ratio of 1.5 times.
OUTLOOKCrescent Point had an excellent fourth quarter and full year operationally. The Company grew production and reserves on a per share basis and internally identified new drilling locations with significant productive capacity for future growth. Crescent Point also remained financially disciplined by layering additional commodity hedges to protect cash flows and executing non-core dispositions. "Our technical expertise, coupled with our strategy of focusing on large oil-in-place resource pools, allowed us to generate technical revisions and development reserves for the sixteenth consecutive year," said Saxberg. "These results generated strong recycle ratios and per share growth, reflecting a successful drilling program, waterflood advancement and the implementation of new technologies." Crescent Point's 2018 guidance remains unchanged with capital expenditures of $1.8 billion, excluding land acquisitions, annual average production guidance of 183,500 boe/d and exit production of 195,000 boe/d. The Company's Williston Basin and southwest Saskatchewan resource plays are expected to generate funds flow from operations in excess of capital expenditures in 2018, supporting continued growth in its Uinta Basin resource play. Crescent Point remains disciplined with its capital spending and expects to direct any excess funds flow from operations realized at higher commodity prices toward debt reduction. "We remain well-positioned to meet or exceed our 2018 targets," said Saxberg. "Our light-oil weighted asset base is expected to generate strong annual cash flows driven by top-quartile netbacks that have a limited impact from the recent widening of WCS differentials. We are also layering additional commodity hedges as part of our risk management program to further protect our expected cash flows." The Company remains committed to maintaining a strong financial position and continues to market non-core asset packages. Since 2017, Crescent Point has executed on over $320 million of non-core dispositions. OPERATIONS AND RESERVES REVIEW Summary of Drilling Results The following table summarizes Crescent Point's drilling results for the three months and year ended December 31, 2017:
|Three months ended December 31, 2017||Gas||Oil||D&A (4)||Service||Standing||Total||Net||% Success (3)|
|Williston Basin (1)||-||85||-||3||-||88||64.7||100|
|Uinta Basin (1)||-||22||1||-||-||23||12.7||96|
|Year ended December 31, 2017||Gas||Oil||D&A (4)||Service||Standing||Total||Net||% Success (3)|
|Williston Basin (1)||-||404||-||4||-||408||344.3||100|
|Uinta Basin (1)||-||73||1||-||-||74||36.2||99|
(2) Numbers may not add due to rounding(3) % success based on total wells (4) Following an operational issue, which resulted in partial abandonment of a well, an adjacent well was successfully drilled and completed by the Company Similar to prior years, Crescent Point's 2017 capital program focused on a balanced approach based on economic returns and long-term growth objectives, including new play development. The Company also continued to test new technologies, such as ICD waterflood systems, to maximize ultimate recoveries and value throughout its asset base. In the Williston Basin and southwest Saskatchewan, Crescent Point generated organic 2P reserves growth through a combination of drilling and development, technical revisions and the advancement of waterflood programs. This is the fifth consecutive year independent evaluators have recognized reserves attributed to tight-rock waterfloods, which contributed to the Company's attractive 2P F&D costs, excluding FDC, of $10.24 per boe in the Viewfield Bakken resource play. In the Flat Lake area, Crescent Point successfully expanded the economic boundary for the Torquay/Three Forks play and executed eight wells per section spacing in its Ratcliffe development program. The Company is focused on building on this success during 2018 and is currently adding new infrastructure to accommodate future production growth expected from this area. In the Uinta Basin, 2P reserves grew by approximately 40 percent year-over-year, highlighting the success in the Company's new play development. During fourth quarter 2017, Crescent Point advanced one-mile and two-mile horizontal development across multiple zones with strong results. The Company's second one-mile Wasatch well, which was completed during fourth quarter, flowed at an impressive IP30 rate of over 1,350 boe/d and was comprised of over 90 percent oil and liquids. This horizontal well follows a successful one-mile Wasatch well drilled earlier in 2017, which has already produced over 300,000 boe after only 245 days, and is comprised of over 90 percent oil and liquids. The Company's focus for 2018 includes increased two-mile development, multi-well pad drilling for improved efficiencies, multi-zone development including continued advancement of Wasatch and Uteland Butte zones and the delineation of its lands on the western portion of the basin.
"We had tremendous operational success in 2017, including our horizontal drilling program in the Uinta Basin," said Saxberg. "Our improved production rates and economics underpin our five-year plan to grow production to 250,000 boe/d to 320,000 boe/d."Summary of Reserves The Company's reserves were independently evaluated by GLJ Petroleum Consultants Ltd. ("GLJ") and Sproule Associates Limited ("Sproule") as at December 31, 2017, and were aggregated by GLJ. The reserves evaluation and reporting was conducted in accordance with the definitions, standards and procedures contained in the Canadian Oil and Gas Evaluation Handbook ("COGEH") and - National Instrument 51-101 Standards for Disclosure of Oil and Gas Activities ("NI 51-101"). As at December 31, 2017 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
|Tight Oil (Mbbls)||Light and Medium Oil (Mbbls)||Heavy Oil (Mbbls)||Natural Gas Liquids (Mbbls)|
|Total Proved plusProbable||527,950||470,878||227,759||203,580||33,571||26,619||108,129||96,514|
|Shale Gas (MMcf)||Natural Gas (MMcf)||Total (Mboe)|
|Total Proved plusProbable||475,281||421,021||165,834||152,181||1,004,262||893,125|
(2) "Gross Reserves" are the total Company's working-interest share before the deduction of any royalties and without including any royalty interest of the Company.(3) "Net Reserves" are the total Company's interest share after deducting royalties and including any royalty interest. (4) Numbers may not add due to rounding. (5) Detailed reserves and analysis are provided in the Company's Annual Information Form for the year-ended December 31, 2017 (the "AIF"). Summary of Before and After Tax Net Present Values As at December 31, 2017 (1) (2) (3)
|Before Tax Net Present Value ($ millions)||After Tax Net Present Value ($ millions)|
|Discount Rate||Discount Rate|
|Reserves Category||0 %||5 %||10 %||15 %||20 %||0 %||5 %||10 %||15 %||20 %|
|Total Proved plusProbable||32,676||21,317||15,479||11,992||9,699||26,767||17,771||13,078||10,243||8,362|
(2) Numbers may not add due to rounding.(3) Detailed Net Present Values and analysis are provided in the AIF. Before Tax Net Asset Value per Share, Fully Diluted, Utilizing Independent Engineering, Escalated Pricing
|2017 (1) (2) (3)||2016||2015||2014||2013||2012||2011||2010||2009||2008|
(2) Based on 549.4 million shares fully diluted.(3) Net debt of $4.0 billion as at December 31, 2017. Reserves Reconciliation Gross Reserves (1) (2) (3) (4)
|Tight Oil (Mbbls)||Light and Medium Oil (Mbbls)||Heavy Oil (Mbbls)|
|December 31, 2016||298,527||184,814||483,341||159,298||100,034||259,331||22,816||7,329||30,145|
|Extensions and Improved Recovery||39,322||31,986||71,307||6,345||3,395||9,740||132||(132||)||1|
|December 31, 2017||323,698||204,252||527,950||143,580||84,179||227,759||26,335||7,237||33,571|
|Natural Gas Liquids (Mbbls)||Shale Gas (MMcf)||Natural Gas (MMcf)|
|December 31, 2016||57,099||31,714||88,813||247,501||138,953||386,455||127,261||67,441||194,702|
|Extensions and Improved Recovery||6,501||5,080||11,581||30,692||25,512||56,203||859||1,399||2,257|
|December 31, 2017||69,090||39,039||108,129||300,259||175,023||475,281||111,140||54,695||165,834|
|Total Oil Equivalent (Mboe)|
|Factors||Proved||Probable||Proved plus Probable|
|December 31, 2016||600,199||358,289||958,489|
|Extensions and Improved Recovery||57,559||44,814||102,373|
|December 31, 2017||631,270||372,993||1,004,262|
(2) "Gross reserves" are the Company's working-interest share before deduction of any royalties and without including any royalty interests of the Company.(3) Numbers may not add due to rounding. (4) Detailed descriptions for significant changes in values are included in the AIF. Finding, Development and Acquisition Costs
|F&D (3)||Change inFDC on F&D||F&D Total(incl. changein FDC)||FD&A (4)||Change inFDC on FD&A||FD&A Total(incl. changein FDC)|
|Capital ($ millions) (1)|
|Total Proved plus Probable||1,812||301||2,113||1,814||370||2,184|
|Reserves Additions (Mboe) (2)|
|Total Proved plus Probable||97,622||-||97,622||110,019||-||110,019|
(2) Gross Company interest reserves are used in this calculation (working interest reserves, before deduction of any royalties and without including any royalty interests of the Company).(3) F&D costs are calculated by dividing the identified capital expenditures by the applicable reserves additions. F&D costs can include or exclude changes to future development capital costs. (4) FD&A is calculated by dividing the identified capital expenditures including acquisition costs net of disposition proceeds, by the applicable reserves additions. FD&A can include or exclude changes to future development capital costs.
|Excluding changes in FDC||Including changes in FDC|
|($/boe, except recycle ratios)||($/boe, except recycle ratios)|
|2017||2016||3 Years EndedDec. 31, 2017(Weighted Avg.)||2017||2016||3 Years EndedDec. 31, 2017(Weighted Avg.)|
|F&D Cost (1)|
|Total Proved plus Probable||$18.56||$17.15||$19.70||$21.64||$7.02||$14.05|
|F&D Recycle Ratio (3)|
|Total Proved plus Probable||1.6||1.3||1.3||1.4||3.2||1.8|
|FD&A Cost (2)|
|Total Proved plus Probable||$16.49||$16.21||$17.30||$19.85||$10.87||$17.34|
|FD&A Recycle Ratio (3)|
|Total Proved plus Probable||1.8||1.4||1.5||1.5||2.0||1.5|
(2) FD&A is calculated by dividing the identified capital expenditures including acquisition costs net of disposition proceeds, by the applicable reserves additions. FD&A can include or exclude changes to future development capital costs.(3) Recycle Ratio is calculated as netback before hedging divided by F&D or FD&A costs. Based on a 2017 netback (before hedging) of $29.42 per boe, a 2016 netback (before hedging) of $22.18 per boe and a three-year weighted average netback (before hedging) of $25.74 per boe. Future Development Capital At year-end 2017, FDC for 2P reserves totaled $6.9 billion compared to $6.5 billion at year-end 2016. Net of acquisitions and dispositions, FDC at year-end 2017 increased primarily due to the addition of new drilling locations identified by the Company during 2017.
|Company Annual Capital Expenditures ($ millions)|
|Year||TotalProved||TotalProved + Probable||TotalProved||TotalProved + Probable||TotalProved||TotalProved + Probable|
CONFERENCE CALL DETAILSCrescent Point management will host a conference call on Thursday, March 1, 2018 at 10:00 a.m. MT (12:00 p.m. ET) to discuss the results and outlook for the Company. Participants can access the conference call by dialing 844-231-0101 or 216-562-0389 and entering the code 1196717. Alternatively, to listen to this event online, please enter https://edge.media-server.com/m6/p/nt22dij5 into any web browser. The webcast will be archived for replay and can be accessed on Crescent Point's website at www.crescentpointenergy.com . The replay will be available approximately one hour following completion of the call. Shareholders and investors can also find the Company's most recent investor presentation on Crescent Point's website. 2018 GUIDANCE The Company's guidance for 2018 is as follows:
|Total annual average production (boe/d) % Oil and NGLs||183,50090||%|
|Exit production (boe/d)||195,000|
|Capital expenditures (1) Drilling and development ($ millions) Facilities and seismic ($ millions)||$1,610$190|
|Total ($ millions)||$1,800|
FINANCIAL AND OPERATING HIGHLIGHTS
|Three months ended December 31||Year ended December 31|
|(Cdn$ millions except per share and per boe amounts)||2017||2016||2017||2016|
|Cash flow from operating activities||449.6||438.5||1,718.7||1,524.3|
|Funds flow from operations (1)||494.7||422.0||1,728.8||1,572.5|
|Per share (2)||0.90||0.77||3.16||3.03|
|Net income (loss)||(56.4||)||(510.6||)||(124.0||)||(932.7||)|
|Per share (2)||(0.10||)||(0.94||)||(0.23||)||(1.81||)|
|Adjusted net earnings (loss) from operations (1)||(35.1||)||100.6||100.0||88.5|
|Per share (1) (2)||(0.06||)||0.18||0.18||0.17|
|Per share (2)||0.09||0.09||0.36||0.50|
|Payout ratio (%) (1)||10||12||11||17|
|Net debt (1)||4,024.9||3,677.1||4,024.9||3,677.1|
|Net debt to funds flow from operations (1) (3)||2.3||2.3||2.3||2.3|
|Climate change initiatives and asset retirement (4)||8.3||10.0||26.5||26.8|
|Weighted average shares outstanding|
|Average daily production|
|Crude oil (bbls/d)||140,544||130,386||139,996||133,172|
|Natural gas (mcf/d)||113,963||99,765||106,599||103,321|
|Average selling prices (5)|
|Crude oil ($/bbl)||64.25||56.92||59.04||48.46|
|Natural gas ($/mcf)||2.30||3.23||2.60||2.36|
|Oil and gas sales||55.63||49.32||51.41||41.50|
|Netback before hedging||33.59||28.01||29.42||22.18|
|Realized gain on derivatives||0.84||3.47||1.58||7.63|
|Capital acquisitions (dispositions), net (6)||(156.0||)||9.8||1.8||226.5|
|Development capital expenditures (4)|
|Drilling and development||332.9||350.5||1,452.3||950.6|
|Facilities and seismic||42.3||41.8||172.7||145.8|
(2) The per share amounts (with the exception of dividends per share) are the per share - diluted amounts.(3) Net debt to funds flow from operations is calculated as the period end net debt divided by the sum of funds flow from operations for the trailing four quarters. (4) Climate change initiatives and asset retirement includes environmental emission reduction expenditures, which are also included in development capital expenditures in the table above. (5) The average selling prices reported are before realized derivatives. (6) Capital acquisitions (dispositions), net represent total consideration for the transactions, including long-term debt and working capital assumed, and exclude transaction costs. Non-GAAP Financial Measures Throughout this press release, the Company uses the terms "funds flow from operations", "funds flow from operations per share - diluted", "adjusted net earnings from operations", "adjusted net earnings from operations per share - diluted", "net debt", "net debt to funds flow from operations", "netback", "payout ratio" and "total payout ratio". These terms do not have any standardized meaning as prescribed by IFRS and, therefore, may not be comparable with the calculation of similar measures presented by other issuers. Funds flow from operations is calculated based on cash flow from operating activities before changes in non-cash working capital, transaction costs and decommissioning expenditures. Funds flow from operations per share - diluted is calculated as funds flow from operations divided by the number of weighted average diluted shares outstanding. Transaction costs are excluded as they vary based on the Company's acquisition activity and to ensure that this metric is more comparable between periods. Decommissioning expenditures are excluded as the Company has a voluntary reclamation fund to fund decommissioning costs. Management utilizes funds flow from operations as a key measure to assess the ability of the Company to finance dividends, operating activities, capital expenditures and debt repayments. Funds flow from operations as presented is not intended to represent cash flow from operating activities, net earnings or other measures of financial performance calculated in accordance with IFRS.
The following table reconciles cash flow from operating activities to funds flow from operations:
|Three months ended December 31||Year ended December 31|
|Cash flow from operating activities||449.6||438.5||1,718.7||1,524.3|
|Changes in non-cash working capital||35.5||(23.5||)||(18.7||)||29.9|
|Funds flow from operations||494.7||422.0||1,728.8||1,572.5|
The following table reconciles net income to adjusted net earnings from operations:
|Three months ended December 31||Year ended December 31|
|Net income (loss)||(56.4||)||(510.6||)||(124.0||)||(932.7||)|
|Amortization of E&E undeveloped land||34.8||29.2||134.3||172.5|
|Impairment to PP&E||(102.9||)||611.4||203.6||611.4|
|Unrealized derivative losses||180.0||138.7||163.6||706.8|
|Unrealized foreign exchange (gain) loss on translation of hedged US dollar long-term debt||(53.7||)||44.1||(201.2||)||(110.6||)|
|Unrealized (gain) loss on long-term investments||(3.8||)||0.5||3.4||(5.5||)|
|(Gain) loss on capital acquisitions / dispositions||(21.0||)||-||(31.1||)||15.3|
|Deferred tax relating to adjustments||(12.1||)||(212.7||)||(48.6||)||(368.7||)|
|Adjusted net earnings (loss) from operations||(35.1||)||100.6||100.0||88.5|
The following table reconciles long-term debt to net debt:
|Long-term debt (1)||4,111.0||3,820.7|
|Accounts payable and accrued liabilities||613.3||647.2|
|Long-term compensation liability (2)||22.9||3.7|
|Prepaids and deposits||(4.5||)||(5.3||)|
|Unrealized foreign exchange on translation of hedged US dollar long-term debt||(219.4||)||(420.6||)|
(2) Includes current portion of long-term compensation liability.Net debt to funds flow from operations is calculated as the period end net debt divided by the sum of funds flow from operations for the trailing four quarters. The ratio of net debt to funds flow from operations is used by management to measure the Company's overall debt position and to measure the strength of the Company's balance sheet. Crescent Point monitors this ratio and uses this as a key measure in making decisions regarding financing, capital spending and dividend levels. Netback is calculated on a per boe basis as oil and gas sales, less royalties, operating and transportation expenses and realized derivative gains and losses. Netback is a common metric used in the oil and gas industry and is used by management to measure operating results on a per boe basis to better analyze performance against prior periods on a comparable basis. The calculation of netback is shown in the Financial and Operating Highlights section in this press release. Payout ratio is calculated on a percentage basis as dividends declared divided by funds flow from operations. Payout ratio is used by management to monitor the dividend policy and the amount of funds flow from operations retained by the Company for capital reinvestment. Total payout ratio is calculated on a percentage basis as development capital expenditures and declared divided by funds flow from operations. Total payout ratio is used by management to monitor the Company's capital reinvestment and dividend policy, as a percentage of the amount of funds flow from operations. Management believes the presentation of the Non-GAAP measures above provide useful information to investors and shareholders as the measures provide increased transparency and the ability to better analyze performance against prior periods on a comparable basis. Notice to US Readers The oil and natural gas reserves contained in this press release have generally been prepared in accordance with Canadian disclosure standards, which are not comparable in all respects of United States or other foreign disclosure standards. For example, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") generally permits oil and gas issuers, in their filings with the SEC, to disclose only proved reserves (as defined in SEC rules), but permits the optional disclosure of "probable reserves" and "possible reserves" (each as defined in SEC rules). Canadian securities laws require oil and gas issuers, in their filings with Canadian securities regulators, to disclose not only proved reserves (which are defined differently from the SEC rules) but also probable reserves and permits optional disclosure of "possible reserves", each as defined in NI 51-101. Accordingly, "proved reserves", "probable reserves" and "possible reserves" disclosed in this news release may not be comparable to US standards, and in this news release, Crescent Point has disclosed reserves designated as "proved plus probable reserves". Probable reserves are higher-risk and are generally believed to be less likely to be accurately estimated or recovered than proved reserves. "Possible reserves" are higher risk than "probable reserves" and are generally believed to be less likely to be accurately estimated or recovered than "probable reserves". In addition, under Canadian disclosure requirements and industry practice, reserves and production are reported using gross volumes, which are volumes prior to deduction of royalties and similar payments. The SEC rules require reserves and production to be presented using net volumes, after deduction of applicable royalties and similar payments. Moreover, Crescent Point has determined and disclosed estimated future net revenue from its reserves using forecast prices and costs, whereas the SEC rules require that reserves be estimated using a 12-month average price, calculated as the arithmetic average of the first-day-of-the-month price for each month within the 12-month period prior to the end of the reporting period. Consequently, Crescent Point's reserve estimates and production volumes in this news release may not be comparable to those made by companies using United States reporting and disclosure standards. Further, the SEC rules are based on unescalated costs and forecasts.
All amounts in the news release are stated in Canadian dollars unless otherwise specified.Forward-Looking Statements Any "financial outlook" or "future oriented financial information" in this press release, as defined by applicable securities legislation has been approved by management of Crescent Point. Such financial outlook or future oriented financial information is provided for the purpose of providing information about management's current expectations and plans relating to the future. Readers are cautioned that reliance on such information may not be appropriate for other purposes. Certain statements contained in this press release constitute "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and "forward-looking information" for the purposes of Canadian securities regulation (collectively, "forward-looking statements"). The Company has tried to identify such forward-looking statements by use of such words as "could", "should", "can", "anticipate", "expect", "believe", "will", "may", "intend", "projected", "sustain", "continues", "strategy", "potential", "projects", "grow", "take advantage", "estimate", "well-positioned" and other similar expressions, but these words are not the exclusive means of identifying such statements. In particular, this press release contains forward-looking statements pertaining, among other things, to the following: the Company's current marketing of disposition packages and the expected use of proceeds from any sales resulting from such efforts; the Company's NAV per share based on flat WTI pricing of US$55.00 assumes a $0.77 USD/CAD exchange; the Company's plans to continue to delineate its western Uinta Basin lands across multiple zones; the expectation that additional infrastructure will be completed in Flat Lake during the first quarter 2018 and the anticipation that such infrastructure will accommodate future growth in the area; the Company's drilling inventory; the planned continued expansion of the Company's Viewfield Bakken waterflood program and the belief that the Company remains on track to fully unitize two of the remaining four units in the area during 2018; the significant growth potential of the Company's Uinta Basin and Flat Lake resource plays; the Company's belief that waterflood reserve additions are a leading indicator of lower corporate declines and F&D costs; the Company's 2018 guidance with respect to capital expenditures, annual average production and exit production; Crescent Point's expectation that its Williston Basin and southwest Saskatchewan resource plays will generate funds flow from operations in excess of capital expenditures in 2018 and the expectation that such excess funds flow from operations will support the continued growth in the Uinta Basin; the expected use of excess cash flows above capital expenditures; Crescent Point being well positioned to meet or exceed its 2018 targets; expected annual cash flows; the anticipated impact of the recent widening of differentials on cash flows; the expected layering of additional commodity hedges to further protect the Company's expected cash flows and netbacks; Crescent Point's 2018 focus on building on its success in Flat Lake; the Company's focus in Uinta for 2018, including increased two-mile development, multi-well pad drilling for improved efficiencies, multi-zone development including continued advancement of Wasatch and Uteland Butte zones and the delineation of its lands on the western portion of the basin; and the Company's five-year plan to grow production to 250,000 boe/d to 320,000 boe/d, which is based on two total payout scenarios of 100 percent and 110 percent. Both scenarios assume WTI prices of approximately US$60.00 per barrel in 2018 and US$55.00 per barrel in 2019-2022.
Statements relating to "reserves" are also deemed to be forward-looking statements, as they involve the implied assessment, based on certain estimates and assumptions, that the reserves described exist in the quantities predicted or estimated and that the reserves can be profitably produced in the future. Actual reserve values may be greater than or less than the estimates provided herein.Unless otherwise noted, reserves referenced herein are given as at December 31, 2017. Also, estimates of reserves and future net revenue for individual properties may not reflect the same confidence level as estimates and future net revenue for all properties due to the effect of aggregation. All required reserve information for the Company is contained in its Annual Information Form for the year ended December 31, 2017, which is accessible at www.sedar.com . With respect to disclosure contained herein regarding resources other than reserves, there is uncertainty that it will be commercially viable to produce any portion of the resources and there is significant uncertainty regarding the ultimate recoverability of such resources. All forward-looking statements are based on Crescent Point's beliefs and assumptions based on information available at the time the assumption was made. Crescent Point believes that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable but no assurance can be given that these expectations will prove to be correct and such forward-looking statements included in this report should not be unduly relied upon. By their nature, such forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions, which could cause actual results or other expectations to differ materially from those anticipated, expressed or implied by such statements, including those material risks discussed in the Company's Annual Information Form for the year ended December 31, 2017 under " Risk Factors" and our Management's Discussion and Analysis for the year ended December 31, 2017, under the headings " Risk Factors" and " Forward-Looking Information". The material assumptions are disclosed in the Management's Discussion and Analysis for the year ended December 31, 2017, under the headings " Capital Expenditures", " Liquidity and Capital Resources", " Critical Accounting Estimates", " Risk Factors", " Changes in Accounting Policies" and " Outlook". In addition, risk factors include: financial risk of marketing reserves at an acceptable price given market conditions; volatility in market prices for oil and natural gas; delays in business operations, pipeline restrictions, blowouts; the risk of carrying out operations with minimal environmental impact; industry conditions including changes in laws and regulations and the adoption of new environmental laws and regulations and changes in how they are interpreted and enforced; risks and uncertainties related to all oil and gas interests and operations on tribal lands; uncertainties associated with estimating oil and natural gas reserves; economic risk of finding and producing reserves at a reasonable cost; uncertainties associated with partner plans and approvals; operational matters related to non-operated properties; increased competition for, among other things, capital, acquisitions of reserves and undeveloped lands; competition for and availability of qualified personnel or management; incorrect assessments of the value of acquisitions and exploration and development programs; unexpected geological, technical, drilling, construction and processing problems; availability of insurance; fluctuations in foreign exchange and interest rates; stock market volatility; failure to realize the anticipated benefits of acquisitions; general economic, market and business conditions; uncertainties associated with regulatory approvals; uncertainty of government policy changes; uncertainties associated with credit facilities and counterparty credit risk; and changes in income tax laws, tax laws, crown royalty rates and incentive programs relating to the oil and gas industry; and other factors, many of which are outside the control of Crescent Point. The impact of any one risk, uncertainty or factor on a particular forward-looking statement is not determinable with certainty as these are interdependent and Crescent Point's future course of action depends on management's assessment of all information available at the relevant time. Additional information on these and other factors that could affect Crescent Point's operations or financial results are included in Crescent Point's reports on file with Canadian and U.S. securities regulatory authorities. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on this forward-looking information, which is given as of the date it is expressed herein or otherwise. Crescent Point undertakes no obligation to update publicly or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, unless required to do so pursuant to applicable law. All subsequent forward-looking statements, whether written or oral, attributable to Crescent Point or persons acting on the Company's behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements.
DefinitionsDecline rate is the reduction in the rate of production from one period to the next. This rate is usually expressed on an annual basis. Finding and development (F&D) costs are calculated by dividing the identified capital expenditures by the applicable reserves additions. F&D costs can include or exclude changes to future development capital costs. Finding, development and acquisitions costs (FD&A ) is calculated by dividing the identified capital expenditures including acquisition costs by the applicable reserves additions. FD&A can include or exclude changes to future development capital costs. Future development capital (FDC) reflects the independent evaluator's best estimate of the cost required to bring proved undeveloped and probable reserves on production. Changes in FDC can result from acquisition and disposition activities, development plans or changes in capital efficiencies due to inflation or reductions in service costs and/or improvements to drilling and completion methods. Net asset value (NAV) is a snapshot in time as at year-end, and is based on the Company's reserves evaluated using the independent evaluators forecast for future prices, costs and foreign exchange rates. The Company's NAV is calculated on a before tax basis and is the sum of the present value of proved and probable reserves, the fair value for land and seismic, the fair value for the Company's oil and gas hedges based on Sproule's December 31, 2017 escalated price forecast, less outstanding net debt. The NAV per share is calculated on a fully diluted basis. N1 51-101 means " National Instrument 51-101 - Standards for Disclosure for Oil and Gas Activities". Recycle Ratio is calculated as operating netback divided by F&D or FD&A costs. Based on a 2017 netback (before hedging), of $29.42 per boe, a 2016 netback (before hedging) of $22.18 per boe and a three-year weighted average netback (before hedging) of $25.74 per boe. Reserves are estimated remaining quantities of oil and natural gas and related substances anticipated to be recoverable from known accumulations, as of a given date, based on the analysis of drilling, geological, geophysical and engineering data; the use of established technology; and specified economic conditions, which are generally accepted as being reasonable. Proved reserves are reserves estimated to have a high degree of certainty of recoverability. Probable reserves are less certain to be recoverable than probable reserves and possible reserves are less certain than probable reserves. Reserves and Drilling Data The reserves information contained in this press release has been prepared in accordance with NI 51-101. Complete NI 51-101 reserves disclosure will be included in our Annual Information Form for the year ended December 31, 2017, which will be filed on or before March 1, 2018. Where applicable, a barrels of oil equivalent ("boe") conversion rate of six thousand cubic feet of natural gas to one barrel of oil equivalent (6Mcf:1bbl) has been used based on an energy equivalent conversion method primarily applicable at the burner tip. Given that the value ratio based on the current price of crude oil as compared to natural gas is significantly different than the energy equivalency of the 6:1 conversion ratio, utilizing the 6:1 conversion ratio may be misleading as an indication of value.
This press release contains metrics commonly used in the oil and natural gas industry including "netbacks", "F&D costs", "FD&A costs", "FDC", "NAV", "recycle ratio", "decline rate", and "drilling inventory". These terms do not have a standardized meaning and may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies and, therefore, should not be used to make such comparisons.F&D costs, including changes in FDC have been presented in this news release because they provide a useful measure of capital efficiency. F&D costs, including land, facility and seismic expenditures and excluding changes in FDC have also been presented in this news release because they provide a useful measure of capital efficiency. FD&A costs, including changes in FDC have been presented in this news release because they provide a useful measure of capital efficiency. FD&A costs, including land, facility and seismic expenditures and excluding changes in FDC have also been presented in this news release because they provide a useful measure of capital efficiency. Management uses recycle ratio for its own performance measurements and to provide shareholders with measures to compare the Company's performance over time. Netback is calculated on a per boe basis as oil and gas sales, less royalties, operating and transportation expenses and realized derivative gains and losses. Netback is used by management to measure operating results on a per boe basis to better analyze performance against prior periods on a comparable basis. Drilling inventory is calculated in years as the Company's 2017 year-end inventory divided by the number of wells in its 2018 drilling program. Drilling inventory is used by management to assess the amount of available drilling opportunities. References to the "total corporate productive capacity" are derived from the sum of the 30-day initial production rates of the Company's total drilling inventory, both on a risked and unrisked basis. References to the "potential upside" of asset acquisitions relative to non-core asset dispositions are derived from the before-tax net present value of unrisked drilling locations, discounted at 10 percent, in comparison to the total value of dispositions executed in 2017.
There are numerous uncertainties inherent in estimating quantities of crude oil, natural gas and NGL reserves and the future cash flows attributed to such reserves. The reserve and associated cash flow information set forth above are estimates only. In general, estimates of economically recoverable crude oil, natural gas and NGL reserves and the future net cash flows therefrom are based upon a number of variable factors and assumptions, such as historical production from the properties, production rates, ultimate reserve recovery, timing and amount of capital expenditures, marketability of oil and natural gas, royalty rates, the assumed effects of regulation by governmental agencies and future operating costs, all of which may vary materially. For these reasons, estimates of the economically recoverable crude oil, NGL and natural gas reserves attributable to any particular group of properties, classification of such reserves based on risk of recovery and estimates of future net revenues associated with reserves prepared by different engineers, or by the same engineers at different times, may vary. The Company's actual production, revenues, taxes and development and operating expenditures with respect to its reserves will vary from estimates thereof and such variations could be material.Individual properties may not reflect the same confidence level as estimates of reserves for all properties due to the effects of aggregation. This press release contains estimates of the net present value of the Company's future net revenue from our reserves. Such amounts do not represent the fair market value of our reserves. The recovery and reserve estimates of the Company's reserves provided herein are estimates only and there is no guarantee that the estimated reserves will be recovered. The reserve data provided in this news release presents only a portion of the disclosure required under National Instrument 51-101. All of the required information will be contained in the Company's Annual Information Form for the year ended December 31, 2017, which will be filed on SEDAR (accessible at www.sedar.com ) and EDGAR (accessible at www.sec.gov/edgar.shtml ) on or before March 1, 2018. In this press release, the: approximately 1,000 new internally identified drilling locations, of which 137 are booked locations and the remaining drilling are locations unbooked; approximately 8,100 total internally identified risked corporate drilling locations and 14,000 total internally identified unrisked drilling locations, include 3,458 booked locations, with the remaining drilling locations unbooked. These unbooked potential drilling opportunities may include infill, lease-edge and undrilled tracts, based on current land holdings, geologic, geophysical and engineering analysis that result in mapped type-well groupings (prepared by qualified reserves evaluators in accordance with the COGEH handbook) and optimized scheduling.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ON CRESCENT POINT ENERGY, PLEASE CONTACT:Ken Lamont, Chief Financial Officer, or Brad Borggard, Vice President, Corporate Planning and Investor Relations Telephone: (403) 693-0020 Toll-free (US & Canada): 888-693-0020 Fax: (403) 693-0070 Website: www.crescentpointenergy.com Crescent Point shares are traded on the Toronto Stock Exchange and New York Stock Exchange, under the symbol CPG. Crescent Point Energy Corp.Suite 2000, 585 - 8 th Avenue S.W.Calgary, Alberta T2P 1G1