New Senior Investment Group Inc. ("New Senior" or the "Company") (NYSE:SNR) announced today its results for the quarter and full year ended December 31, 2017 and that the Company's Board of Directors has been exploring strategic alternatives to maximize shareholder value.

4Q 2017 FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS
  • Declared cash dividend of $0.26 per common share
  • Net income of $33.5 million, or $0.41 per basic and diluted share
  • Total net operating income ("NOI") of $53.7 million, compared to $57.1 million for 4Q'16
  • Normalized Funds from Operations ("Normalized FFO") of $22.9 million, or $0.28 per basic and diluted share
  • AFFO of $20.1 million, or $0.24 per basic and diluted share
  • Normalized Funds Available for Distribution ("Normalized FAD") of $18.5 million, or $0.23 per basic share and $0.22 per diluted share

4Q 2017 AND RECENT BUSINESS HIGHLIGHTS
  • Total same store cash NOI increased 1.0% vs. 4Q'16
  • Managed same store cash NOI decreased 1.5% vs. 4Q'16 and increased 2.4% vs. 3Q'17
  • Triple net same store cash NOI increased 4.4% vs. 4Q'16
  • Completed the sale of 15 properties for $296 million comprised of nine managed AL/MC properties for $109.5 million and six triple net lease properties for $186.0 million

FOURTH QUARTER 2017 RESULTS
 
 
Dollars in thousands, except per share data
 
    For the Quarter Ended December 31, 2017       For the Quarter Ended December 31, 2016
Amount  

Per Basic Share
 

Per Diluted Share
Amount

Per Basic Share

Per Diluted Share
GAAP
Net Income (Loss) $33,521 $0.41 $0.41 $(2,802) $(0.03) $(0.03)
 
Non-GAAP (A)
NOI $53,732 N/A N/A $57,053 N/A N/A
FFO 15,659 $0.19 $0.19 21,645 $0.26 $0.26
Normalized FFO 22,896 $0.28 $0.28 26,027 $0.32 $0.31
AFFO 20,070 $0.24 $0.24 22,463 $0.27 $0.27
Normalized FAD (B) 18,527 $0.23 $0.22 20,140 $0.25 $0.24
(A) See end of press release for reconciliation of non-GAAP measures to net loss.
(B) Normalized FAD, which does not reflect debt principal payments and certain other expenses, does not represent cash available for distribution to shareholders.

FULL YEAR 2017 RESULTS
   

Dollars in thousands, except per share data
 
    For the Year Ended December 31, 2017     For the Year Ended December 31, 2016
Amount  

Per Basic Share
 

Per Diluted Share
Amount

Per Basic Share

Per Diluted Share
GAAP
Net Income (Loss) $12,208 $0.15 $0.15 $(72,249) $(0.88) $(0.88)
 
Non-GAAP (A)
NOI $219,085 N/A N/A $229,411 N/A N/A
FFO 80,387 $0.98 $0.97 98,941 $1.20 $1.19
Normalized FFO 94,340 $1.15 $1.14 105,899 $1.29 $1.28
AFFO 85,159 $1.04 $1.03 94,400 $1.15 $1.14
Normalized FAD (B) 78,253 $0.95 $0.95 86,177 $1.05 $1.04
(A) See end of press release for reconciliation of non-GAAP measures to net loss.
(B) Normalized FAD, which does not reflect debt principal payments and certain other expenses, does not represent cash available for distribution to shareholders.
 

FOURTH QUARTER 2017 GAAP RESULTS

New Senior recorded GAAP net income of $33.5 million, or $0.41 per basic and diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2017, compared to GAAP net loss of $2.8 million, or $(0.03) per basic and diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2016. The year over year increase in the fourth quarter of 2017 net income was primarily driven by a gain on sale of real estate of $49.2 million compared to a gain on sale of real estate of $13.4 million in the fourth quarter of 2016.

FOURTH QUARTER 2017 PORTFOLIO PERFORMANCE

Total NOI decreased 5.8% to $53.7 million compared to $57.1 million for 4Q 2016. Total same store cash NOI increased 1.0% vs. 4Q 2016.

For the managed portfolio, same store average occupancy decreased 150 basis points to 86.8% compared to 88.3% for 4Q 2016, and same store RevPOR increased 1.6% to $3,100 compared to $3,050 for 4Q 2016. Year over year, same store cash NOI decreased 1.5% to $24.9 million compared to $25.2 million for 4Q 2016. Quarter over quarter, same store cash NOI increased 2.4% to $25.3 million compared to $24.7 million for 3Q 2017.

For the triple net portfolio, same store cash NOI increased 4.4% to $19.9 million compared to $19.1 million for 4Q 2016. Same store triple net average occupancy decreased 230 basis points to 87.7% compared to 90.0% for 4Q 2016. Same store EBITDARM coverage as of December 31, 2017 was 1.17x, down from 1.21x as of December 31, 2016. Triple net average occupancy and EBITDARM coverage are presented one quarter in arrears on a trailing twelve month basis.

ASSET SALE UPDATE

During the fourth quarter, the Company completed the sale of $296 million of assets comprised of the following:
  • $109.5 million sale of nine managed AL/MC properties, which closed in November 2017. In connection with the sale, the Company repaid $78.7 million of debt and realized a gain on sale of $6.9 million, net of selling costs.
  • $186.0 million sale of six triple net leased properties, comprised of four CCRC, one IL property and one AL/MC property, as well as termination of the related lease with LCS, which closed in December 2017. In connection with the sale, the Company repaid $98.1 million of debt and realized a gain on sale of $42.3 million, net of selling costs.

FOURTH QUARTER DIVIDEND

On February 22, 2018, the Company's Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.26 per share for the quarter ended December 31, 2017. The dividend is payable on March 22, 2018 to shareholders of record on March 8, 2018.

EXPLORATION OF STRATEGIC ALTERNATIVES

The Company also announced that the Company's Board of Directors, together with its management team and legal and financial advisors, has been conducting a process to explore and evaluate a full range of strategic alternatives to maximize shareholder value.

There can be no assurance that this process will result in a transaction or, if a transaction is undertaken, its terms or timing. The Company does not intend to make any further public comment regarding the review until it has been completed. The Company retained J.P. Morgan Securities LLC as its financial advisor and Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP as its legal advisor to assist in this ongoing review.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

For additional information that management believes to be useful for investors, please refer to the presentation posted in the Investor Relations section of the Company's website, www.newseniorinv.com.

EARNINGS CONFERENCE CALL

Management will host a conference call on February 23, 2018 at 9:00 A.M. Eastern Time. The conference call may be accessed by dialing (877) 694-6694 (from within the U.S.) or (970) 315-0985 (from outside of the U.S.) ten minutes prior to the scheduled start of the call; please reference "New Senior Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2017 Earnings Call." A simultaneous webcast of the conference call will be available to the public on a listen-only basis at www.newseniorinv.com. Please allow extra time prior to the call to visit the website and download any necessary software required to listen to the internet broadcast.

A telephonic replay of the conference call will also be available approximately two hours following the call's completion through 11:59 P.M. Eastern Time on March 26, 2018 by dialing (855) 859-2056 (from within the U.S.) or (404) 537-3406 (from outside the U.S.); please reference access code "4744689."

ABOUT NEW SENIOR

New Senior Investment Group (NYSE: SNR) is a publicly-traded real estate investment trust with a diversified portfolio of senior housing properties located across the United States. As of December 31, 2017, New Senior is one of the largest owners of senior housing properties, with 133 properties across 37 states. New Senior is managed by an affiliate of Fortress Investment Group LLC, a global investment management firm. More information about New Senior can be found at www.newseniorinv.com.

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain items in this press release may constitute "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including without limitation statements regarding the Company's exploration of strategic alternatives. These statements are not historical facts. They represent management's current expectations regarding future events and are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control, that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, risks and uncertainties relating to contemplated asset sales and the Company's review of strategic alternatives and announcement thereof. Accordingly, you should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements contained herein. For a discussion of these and other risks and important factors that could affect such forward-looking statements, see the sections entitled "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in the Company's annual and quarterly reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which are available on the Company's website ( www.newseniorinv.com). New risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for New Senior to predict or assess the impact of every factor that may cause its actual results to differ from those contained in any forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements contained herein speak only as of the date of this press release, and New Senior expressly disclaims any obligation to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in New Senior's expectations with regard thereto or change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any statement is based.
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
 
December 31,
Assets 2017 2016
Real estate investments:
Land $ 182,238 $ 220,317
Buildings, improvements and other 2,329,524 2,552,862
Accumulated depreciation (275,794) (218,968)
Net real estate property 2,235,968 2,554,211
Acquired lease and other intangible assets 264,438 319,929
Accumulated amortization (249,198) (255,452)
Net real estate intangibles 15,240 64,477
Net real estate investments 2,251,208 2,618,688
 
Cash and cash equivalents 137,327 58,048
Straight-line rent receivables 82,445 73,758
Receivables and other assets, net 37,047 71,234
Total Assets $ 2,508,027 $ 2,821,728
 
Liabilities and Equity
Liabilities
Mortgage notes payable, net $ 1,907,928 $ 2,130,387
Due to affiliates 9,550 11,623
Accrued expenses and other liabilities 84,664 100,823
Total Liabilities $ 2,002,142 $ 2,242,833
 
Commitments and contingencies
 
Equity

Preferred Stock $0.01 par value, 100,000,000 sharesauthorized and none issued or outstanding as of bothDecember 31, 2017 and 2016
$ - $ -

Common stock $0.01 par value, 2,000,000,000 sharesauthorized, 82,148,869 and 82,127,247 shares issued andoutstanding as of December 31, 2017 and 2016,respectively
821 821
Additional paid-in capital 898,132 897,918
Accumulated deficit (393,068) (319,844)
Total Equity $ 505,885 $ 578,895
   
Total Liabilities and Equity $ 2,508,027 $ 2,821,728
     
Consolidated Statement of Operations
(dollars in thousands, except share data)
 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,
Year Ended December 31,
2017 2016 2017 2016
Revenues

(unaudited)
Resident fees and services $ 79,266 $ 89,252 $ 336,739 $ 359,472
Rental revenue 27,650 28,243 112,391 112,966
Total revenues 106,916 117,495 449,130 472,438
 
Expenses
Property operating expense 53,184 60,442 230,045 243,027
Depreciation and amortization 31,355 37,803 139,942 184,546
Interest expense 23,128 23,122 93,597 91,780
Acquisition, transaction, and integration expense 984 2,172 2,453 3,942
Management fees and incentive compensation to affiliate 3,823 5,946 18,225 18,143
General and administrative expense 3,612 3,594 15,307 15,194
Loss on extinguishment of debt 3,230 245 3,902 245
Other expense (income) 57 (79) 1,702 727
Total expenses $ 119,373 $ 133,245 $ 505,173 $ 557,604
Gain on sale of real estate 49,217 13,356 71,763 13,356
 
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes 36,760 (2,394) 15,720 (71,810)
Income tax expense 3,239 408 3,512 439
Net Income (Loss) $ 33,521 $ (2,802) $ 12,208 $ (72,249)
 
Net Income (Loss) Per Share of Common Stock
Basic (A) $ 0.41 $ (0.03) $ 0.15 $ (0.88)
Diluted (A) $ 0.41 $ (0.03) $ 0.15 $ (0.88)
 

Weighted Average Number of Shares of Common Stock Outstanding
Basic 82,148,869 82,127,247 82,145,295 82,357,349
Diluted (B) 82,632,232 82,127,247 82,741,322 82,357,349
 
Dividends Declared Per Share of Common Stock 0.26 0.26 $ 1.04 $ 1.04
(A)

Basic earnings per share ("EPS") is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding plus the additional dilutive effect, if any, of common stock equivalents during each period.
(B)

All outstanding options were excluded from the diluted share calculation for the three months and year ended December 31, 2016 as their effect would have been anti-dilutive.
 

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows
(dollars in thousands)
       
Three Months Ended December 31, Year Ended December 31,
2017 2016 2017 2016
Cash Flows From Operating Activities

(unaudited)
Net income (loss) $ 33,521 $ (2,802) $ 12,208 $ (72,249)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation of tangible assets and amortization of intangible assets 31,380 37,837 140,078 184,689
Amortization of deferred financing costs 2,093 2,366 9,090 9,582
Amortization of deferred revenue, net (604) (92) (385) 1,903
Amortization of (premium) discount on mortgage notes payable (56) (156) (512) (603)
Non-cash straight-line rent (4,338) (5,379) (17,865) (21,842)
Gain on sale of real estate (49,217) (13,356) (71,763) (13,356)
Loss on extinguishment of debt 3,230 245 3,902 245
Equity-based compensation - - 75 144
Provision for bad debt 509 598 2,228 2,150
Remeasurement of deferred tax assets 2,966 - 2,966 -
Other non-cash expense (53) 37 1,168 702
Changes in:
Receivables and other assets, net 7,258 5,578 (658) (3,069)
Due to affiliates (6,018) 837 (2,073) 1,979
Accrued expenses and other liabilities (24,252) (6,100) (16,948) 9,024
Net Cash Provided by (Used In) Operating Activities $ (3,581) $ 19,613 $ 61,511 $ 99,299
 
Cash Flows From Investing Activities
Proceeds from the sale of real estate, net $ 292,270 $ 22,711 $ 339,624 $ 22,711
Capital expenditures, net of insurance proceeds (5,253) (5,398) (19,729) (21,151)
Reimbursements (escrows) for capital expenditures, net 2,275 (1,157) 6,871 (2,423)
Deposits refunded (paid) for real estate investments - - - 584
Net Cash Provided by (Used In) Investing Activities $ 289,292 $ 16,156 $ 326,766 $ (279)
 
Cash Flows From Financing Activities
Principal payments of mortgage notes payable $ (7,642) (4,446) $ (26,946) $ (16,240)
Repayments of mortgage notes payable (176,762) (13,725) (204,730) (13,725)
Payment of exit fee on extinguishment of debt (2,953) (189) (3,264) (189)
Payment of common stock dividend (21,359) (21,353) (85,432) (85,412)
Cash returned from (escrowed with) lender 11,374 (11,374) 11,374 (11,374)
Repurchase of common stock - (29) - (30,913)
Payment of deferred financing costs 579 - - -
Net Cash Used In Financing Activities $ (196,763) $ (51,116) $ (308,998) $ (157,853)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 88,948 (15,347) 79,279 (58,833)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year 48,379 73,395 58,048 116,881
Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Year $ 137,327 $ 58,048 $ 137,327 $ 58,048
 
Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information
Cash paid during the year for interest expense $ 21,513 $ 20,625 $ 85,373 $ 82,557
Cash paid during the year for income taxes - - 274 266
 
Supplemental Schedule of Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities
Issuance of common stock and exercise of options $ - $ - $ 214 $ 139
     
Reconciliation of NOI to Net Income
(dollars in thousands)
 
2016 2017
NOI $ 229,411 $ 219,085
 
Depreciation and amortization (184,546) (139,942)
Interest expense (91,780) (93,597)
Acquisition, transaction and integration expense (3,942) (2,453)
Management fees and incentive compensation to affiliate (18,143) (18,225)
General and administrative expense (15,194) (15,307)
Loss on extinguishment of debt (245) (3,902)
Other expense (727) (1,702)
Gain on sale of real estate 13,356 71,763
Income tax expense (439) (3,512)
Net Income (Loss) $ (72,249) $ 12,208
 
Reconciliation of Net Income to FFO, Normalized FFO, AFFO and Normalized FAD
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
For the Quarter Ended For the Year Ended
December 31, 2017 December 31, 2017
Net Income $ 33,521 $ 12,208
Adjustments:
Gain on sale of real estate (49,217) (71,763)
Depreciation and amortization 31,355 139,942
FFO $ 15,659 $ 80,387
FFO per diluted share $ 0.19 $ 0.97
Acquisition, transaction and integration expense 984 2,453
Loss on extinguishment of debt 3,230 3,902
Incentive compensation on sale of real estate (1) - 2,930
Remeasurement of deferred tax assets (2) 2,966 2,966
Other expense 57 1,702
Normalized FFO $ 22,896 $ 94,340
Normalized FFO per diluted share $ 0.28 $ 1.14
Straight-line rent (4,338) (17,865)
Amortization of deferred financing costs 2,093 9,090
Amortization of deferred community fees and other (3) (581) (406)
AFFO $ 20,070 $ 85,159
AFFO per diluted share $ 0.24 $ 1.03
Routine capital expenditures (1,543) (6,906)
Normalized FAD $ 18,527 $ 78,253
Normalized FAD per diluted share $ 0.22 $ 0.95
 
Weighted average diluted shares outstanding 82,632 82,741

(1) Reflects incentive compensation directly related to the gain on sale of real estate, which may represent a portion of total incentive compensation earned by the Manager in a given quarter, as reported in "Management fees and incentive compensation to affiliate" in the Consolidated Statement of Operations. The calculation of gain on sale for purposes of the incentive compensation calculation differs significantly from gain on sale calculated in accordance with GAAP.

(2) Reflects the remeasurement of our deferred tax assets due to the reduction in the U.S. corporate income tax rate and is included in "Income tax expense (benefit)" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

(3) Includes amortization of above / below market lease intangibles, amortization of premium on mortgage notes payable and amortization of deferred community fees and other, which includes the net change in deferred community fees and other rent discounts or incentives.
 

Reconciliation of Year-over-Year Cash NOI (unaudited)
(dollars in thousands)
                                         
4Q 2016 4Q 2017

Same Store NNN Properties

Non-Same Store NNN Properties

Same Store Managed Properties

Non-Same Store Managed Properties
Total

Same Store NNN Properties

Non-Same Store NNN Properties

Same Store Managed Properties

Non-Same Store Managed Properties
Total
Cash NOI $19,080 $3,826 $25,249 $3,125 $51,280 $19,925 $3,414 $24,869 $661 $48,869
Straight-line rent 4,817 562 - - 5,379 3,975 363 - - 4,338
Amortization of deferred community fees and other (1) (25) (17) 251 185 394 (25) (2) 175 377 525
                   
NOI $23,872 $4,371 $25,500 $3,310 $57,053 $23,875 $3,775 $25,044 $1,038 $53,732
 
Depreciation and amortization (37,803) (31,355)
Interest expense (23,122) (23,128)
Acquisition, transaction and integration expense (2,172) (984)
Management fees and incentive compensation to affiliate (5,946) (3,823)
General and administrative expense (3,594) (3,612)
Loss on extinguishment of debt (245) (3,230)
Other income (expense) 79 (57)
Gain on sale of real estate 13,356 49,217
Income tax expense (408) (3,239)
Net Income (Loss) ($2,802) $33,521
(1) Includes amortization of above / below market lease intangibles and amortization of deferred community fees and other, which includes the net change in deferred community fees and other rent discounts or incentives.
 
Reconciliation of Quarter-over-Quarter Cash NOI (unaudited)
(dollars in thousands)
                                         
3Q 2017 4Q 2017

Same Store NNN Properties

Non-Same Store NNN Properties

Same Store Managed Properties

Non-Same Store Managed Properties
Total

Same Store NNN Properties

Non-Same Store NNN Properties

Same Store Managed Properties

Non-Same Store Managed Properties
Total
Cash NOI $19,925 $3,969 $24,701 $1,503 $50,098 $19,925 $3,414 $25,287 $243 $48,869
Straight-line rent 3,975 419 - - 4,394 3,975 363 - - 4,338
Amortization of deferred community fees and other (1) (25) (16) (132) 27 (146) (25) (2) 153 399 525
                   
NOI $23,875 $4,372 $24,569 $1,530 $54,346 $23,875 $3,775 $25,440 $642 $53,732
 
Depreciation and amortization (35,126) (31,355)
Interest expense (23,898) (23,128)
Acquisition, transaction and integration expense (675) (984)
Management fees and incentive compensation to affiliate (3,824) (3,823)
General and administrative expense (3,958) (3,612)
Loss on extinguishment of debt - (3,230)
Other expense (1,484) (57)
Gain on sale of real estate - 49,217
Income tax benefit (expense) 80 (3,239)
Net Income (Loss) ($14,539) $33,521
(1) Includes amortization of above / below market lease intangibles and amortization of deferred community fees and other, which includes the net change in deferred community fees and other rent discounts or incentives.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

The tables above set forth reconciliations of non-GAAP measures to net income (loss), which is the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.

A non-GAAP financial measure is a measure of historical or future financial performance, financial position or cash flows that excludes or includes amounts that are not excluded from or included in the most comparable GAAP measure. We consider certain non-GAAP financial measures to be useful supplemental measures of our operating performance. GAAP accounting for real estate assets assumes that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time, even though real estate values historically have risen or fallen with market conditions. As a result, many industry investors look to non-GAAP financial measures for supplemental information about real estate companies.

You should not consider non-GAAP measures as alternatives to GAAP net income, which is an indicator of our financial performance, or as alternatives to GAAP cash flow from operating activities, which is a liquidity measure, nor are non-GAAP measures necessarily indicative of our ability to satisfy our funding requirements. In order to facilitate a clear understanding of our consolidated historical operating results, you should examine our non-GAAP measures in conjunction with GAAP net income as presented in our Consolidated Financial Statements and other financial data included elsewhere in this report. Moreover, the comparability of non-GAAP financial measures across companies may be limited as a result of differences in the manner in which real estate companies calculate such measures, the capital structure of such companies or other factors.

Below is a description of the non-GAAP financial measures presented herein.

NOI and Cash NOI

The Company evaluates the performance of each of its two business segments based on NOI. The Company defines NOI as total revenues less property-level operating expenses, which include property management fees and travel cost reimbursements. The sum of the NOI for each segment is total NOI, which the Company uses to evaluate the aggregate performance of its segments. The Company defines cash NOI as NOI excluding the effects of straight-line rent, amortization of above / below market lease intangibles and amortization of deferred community fees and other, which includes the net change in deferred community fees and other rent discounts or incentives. We believe that NOI and cash NOI serve as useful supplemental measures to net income because they allow investors, analysts and management to measure unlevered property-level operating results and to compare our operating results between periods and to the operating results of other real estate companies on a consistent basis.

Same store NOI and same store cash NOI include only properties owned for the entirety of comparable periods. Properties acquired, sold, transitioned to other operators or classified as held for sale during the comparable periods are excluded from the same store amounts.

FFO and Other Non-GAAP Measures

We use Funds From Operations ("FFO") and Normalized FFO as supplemental measures of our operating performance. We use the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("NAREIT") definition of FFO. NAREIT defines FFO as GAAP net income excluding gains (losses) from sales of depreciable real estate assets and impairment charges of depreciable real estate, plus real estate depreciation and amortization, and after adjustments for unconsolidated entities and joint ventures to reflect FFO on the same basis. FFO does not account for debt principal payments and is not intended as a measure of a REIT's ability to satisfy such payments or any other cash requirements.

Normalized FFO, as defined below, measures the financial performance of our portfolio of assets excluding items that, although incidental to, are not reflective of the day-to-day operating performance of our portfolio of assets. We believe that Normalized FFO is useful because it facilitates the evaluation of our portfolio's operating performance (i) between periods on a consistent basis and (ii) to the operating performance of other real estate companies. However, comparability may be limited because our calculation of Normalized FFO may differ significantly from that of other companies, or because of features of our business that are not present in other companies.

We define Normalized FFO as FFO excluding the following income and expense items, as applicable: (a) acquisition, transaction and integration related costs and expenses; (b) the write off of unamortized discounts, premiums, deferred financing costs, or additional costs, make whole payments and penalties or premiums incurred as the result of early repayment of debt (collectively "Gain (Loss) on extinguishment of debt"); (c) incentive compensation recognized as a result of sales of property; (d) the remeasurement of deferred tax assets and (e) other items that we believe are not indicative of operating performance, generally reported as "Other (income) expense" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Management also uses AFFO and Normalized FAD as supplemental measures of the Company's operating performance.

We define AFFO as Normalized FFO excluding the impact of the following: (a) straight-line rents; (b) amortization of above / below market lease intangibles; (c) amortization of deferred financing costs; (d) amortization of premium on mortgage notes payable and (e) amortization of deferred community fees and other, which includes the net change in deferred community fees and other rent discounts or incentives. We believe AFFO is useful because it facilitates the evaluation of (i) the current economic return on our portfolio of assets between periods on a consistent basis and (ii) our portfolio versus those of other real estate companies that report AFFO. However, comparability may be limited because our calculation of AFFO may differ significantly from that of other companies, or because of features of our business that are not present in other companies.

We define Normalized FAD as AFFO less routine capital expenditures, which we view as a cost associated with the current economic return. Normalized FAD, which does not reflect debt principal payments and certain other expenses, does not represent cash available for distribution to shareholders.

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