Career Education Corporation Reports Results For Fourth Quarter And Full Year 2017

Career Education Corporation (NASDAQ: CECO) today reported operating and financial results for the fourth quarter and year ended December 31, 2017.
     

FOURTH QUARTER 2017 RESULTS
     
Total Company Revenue of $143.1 million as compared to $155.3 million for the prior year quarter, with the decline primarily driven by substantial completion of the teach-out of our All Other Campuses segment
Operating income of $10.7 million as compared to an operating loss of $55.9 million in the prior year
Ended the quarter with $180.1 million in cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and available-for-sale short-term investments
       
 

University Group and Corporate

 
Revenue of $142.4 million as compared to $135.6 million in the prior year quarter
Operating income of $25.5 million as compared to an operating loss of $17.9 million in the prior year quarter
Adjusted operating income of $28.1 million as compared to $16.9 million in the prior year quarter (See GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliation attached to this press release for further details)
       
 

University Group Key Metrics

New student enrollments grew 15.4 percent as compared to the prior year quarter primarily driven by our investments in student serving processes and operations that support growth
Total student enrollments grew 3.3 percent driven by growth in new student enrollments as well as improving retention trends
       
 

Teach-Outs
Operating loss of $14.8 million as compared to $38.1 million in the prior year quarter, with the improvement primarily driven by substantial completion of the teach-out of our All Other Campuses segment
  Approximately 100 students remain as of December 31, 2017 within our teach-out campuses, who are expected to complete their programs of study by the end of 2018
 

FULL YEAR 2017 HIGHLIGHTS - UNIVERSITY GROUP AND CORPORATE
  • Revenue increased 1.3 percent to $569.6 million as compared to the prior year
  • Operating income increased by 113.6 percent to $95.5 million as compared to the prior year
  • Adjusted operating income increased by 18.6 percent to $105.9 million as compared to the prior year

"We finished the year with strong momentum in our key operating metrics, as investments continued to improve student onboarding and learning experiences," said Todd Nelson, President and Chief Executive Officer. "Total enrollments at our University Group reached the highest level in the last four years and new student enrollments grew for the second consecutive quarter. Much of this momentum is a result of our focus on and execution within our student-serving processes and initiatives. Our cash balances are expected to grow in 2018 and allow us to continue investing in our students and employees. Overall, we remain committed to improving student experiences, retention and academic outcomes and are executing well against our objective of sustainable and responsible growth."

REVENUE

For the quarter and year ended December 31, 2017, total revenue was $143.1 million and $596.4 million, respectively, representing a decrease of 7.8 percent and 15.3 percent, respectively, compared to total revenue of $155.3 million and $704.4 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2016, respectively. The decrease was primarily driven by declining revenues within our teach-out campuses. There are seven campuses remaining to complete their teach-outs during 2018.

Total revenue for the University Group was $142.4 million and $569.6 million representing an increase of 5.0 percent and 1.3 percent, respectively, for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2017 as compared to the respective prior year periods.
           
For the Quarter Ended December 31, For the Year Ended December 31,
        Increase         Increase

Revenue ($ in thousands)
2017 2016 (Decrease) 2017 2016 (Decrease)
CTU $ 94,767 $ 94,696   0.1 % $ 371,325 $ 369,319   0.5 %
AIU   47,633   40,909 16.4 %   198,251   193,032 2.7 %

Total University Group
142,400 135,605 5.0 % 569,576 562,351 1.3 %
Corporate and Other     NM     NM
Subtotal 142,400 135,605 5.0 % 569,576 562,351 1.3 %
All Other Campuses (1)   718   19,650 -96.3 %   26,859   142,041 -81.1 %
Total $ 143,118 $ 155,255 -7.8 % $ 596,435 $ 704,392 -15.3 %
 

(1)

Campuses included in All Other Campuses are in the process of being taught out or have completed their teach-out as of December 31, 2017. Previously, these campuses were reported within two segments, the former Transitional Group and Culinary Arts segments.
 

TOTAL AND NEW STUDENT ENROLLMENTS

As of the end of 2017, total student enrollments for the University Group were 34,700 compared to 33,600 as of the prior year end representing a 3.3 percent increase . The increase in new and total student enrollments is primarily driven by our investments in student serving processes and operations that support growth.
   
As of December 31,
        Increase
Total Student Enrollments 2017 2016 (Decrease)
CTU   22,100   21,900   0.9 %
AIU   12,600   11,700 7.7 %
Total University Group   34,700   33,600 3.3 %
All Other Campuses (1)   100   3,000 NM
Total   34,800   36,600 -4.9 %
 
         
For the Quarter Ended December 31, For the Year Ended December 31,
        Increase         Increase

New Student Enrollments
2017 2016 (Decrease) 2017 2016 (Decrease)
CTU (2)   5,940   5,530   7.4 %   22,110   20,770   6.5 %
AIU (2)   4,770   3,750 27.2 %   15,790   14,350 10.0 %
Total University Group (2)   10,710   9,280 15.4 %   37,900   35,120 7.9 %
All Other Campuses (1)     NM     1,080 NM
Total   10,710   9,280 15.4 %   37,900   36,200 4.7 %
 

(1)

All Other Campuses no longer enroll new students; students who re-enter after 365 days are reported as new student enrollments.

(2)

For the first half of 2017, new student enrollments were positively impacted by a change to how the Company records certain cancelled students. Excluding the impact of this change new student enrollments would have increased 6.2% for CTU, increased 8.3% for AIU and increased 7.1% for the University Group for the year ended December 31, 2017 as compared to the prior year.
 

OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)

For the quarter and year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recorded operating income of $10.7 million and $34.1 million, respectively, compared to operating loss of $55.9 million and $32.3 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2016, respectively. Total University Group and Corporate recorded operating income of $25.5 million and $95.5 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2017, respectively, compared to operating loss of $17.9 million and operating income of $44.7 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2016, respectively.

The operating income reported for the current year improved by $66.5 million primarily driven by reduced operating expenses associated with the substantial completion of the teach-out of our All Other Campuses segment, as well as continued optimization of our marketing and advertising spend. Additionally, the prior year included legal settlement charges of $32.0 million as compared to $6.5 million in the current year.

       
For the Quarter Ended December 31, For the Year Ended December 31,
        Increase         Increase

Operating Income ($ in thousands)
2017 2016 (Decrease) 2017 2016 (Decrease)
CTU $ 30,553 $ 28,719   6.4 % $ 109,202 $ 99,412   9.8 %
AIU   414   (38,634 ) 101.1 %   8,401   (29,598 ) 128.4 %
Total University Group 30,967 (9,915 ) 412.3 % 117,603 69,814 68.5 %
Corporate and Other   (5,472 )   (7,937 ) 31.1 %   (22,067 )   (25,097 ) 12.1 %
Subtotal 25,495 (17,852 ) 242.8 % 95,536 44,717 113.6 %
All Other Campuses   (14,783 )   (38,055 ) 61.2 %   (61,400 )   (77,061 ) 20.3 %
Total $ 10,712 $ (55,907 ) 119.2 % $ 34,136 $ (32,344 ) 205.5 %
 

NET LOSS

For the quarter and year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recorded net loss of $44.4 million and $31.9 million, respectively, as compared to $32.9 million and $18.7 million in the respective prior year periods. The net loss for the current quarter and year were driven by a $52.7 million charge recorded as a result of the enactment of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in the fourth quarter of 2017, which resulted in a revaluation of our deferred tax assets and net state unrecognized tax positions at the new corporate federal income tax rate of 21%. The prior year quarter and year net loss was driven by $32.0 million of legal settlement charges.

ADJUSTED OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)

The Company believes it is useful to present non-GAAP financial measures, which exclude certain significant and non-cash items, as a means to understand the performance of its operations. (See tables below and the GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliation attached to this press release for further details.)

As shown in the table below, adjusted operating income for the University Group and Corporate was $28.1 million and $105.9 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2017, respectively. Adjusted operating loss for All Other Campuses was $7.2 million and $39.0 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2017, respectively.
           
For the Quarter Ended December 31,     For the Year Ended December 31,

Adjusted Operating Income (Loss)
2017     2016 2017     2016

University Group and Corporate:
Operating income (loss) (1) $ 25,495 $ (17,852 ) $ 95,536 $ 44,717
Depreciation and amortization (1) 2,631 2,690 10,326 11,164
Asset impairments (1) 237
Unused space charges (1) (2) (7 ) 16 (7 ) 1,134
Significant legal settlements (1)     32,000     32,000
Adjusted Operating Income --

University Group and Corporate (1)
$ 28,119 $ 16,854 $ 105,855 $ 89,252
 
Increase (Decrease) 66.8 % 18.6 %
 

All Other Campuses
Operating loss (3) $ (14,783 ) $ (38,055 ) $ (61,400 ) $ (77,061 )
Depreciation and amortization (3) (9 ) 3,071 3,664 11,583
Asset impairments (3) 927 927
Unused space charges (2) (3) 1,016 20,596 12,174 34,719
Significant legal settlements (3)   6,543     6,543  
Adjusted Operating Loss --

All Other Campuses (3)
$ (7,233 ) $ (13,461 ) $ (39,019 ) $ (29,832 )
 
Increase (Decrease) 46.3 % -30.8 %
 

(1)

Amounts relate to the University Group and Corporate.

(2)

Unused space charges represent the net present value of remaining lease obligations for vacated space less an estimated amount for sublease income.

(3)

Amounts relate to All Other Campuses.

BALANCE SHEET AND CASH FLOW

Net cash provided by operating activities was $7.3 million compared to net cash used in operating activities of $9.8 million for the quarters ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. For the year ended December 31, 2017, net cash used in operations was $21.8 million as compared to net cash provided of $6.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2016. The increase in cash usage for the current year was primarily driven by $32.0 million of legal settlement payments made during the first quarter of 2017.
       
For the Quarter Ended December 31, For the Year Ended December 31,
          Increase           Increase

Selected Cash Flow Items
2017   2016 (Decrease) 2017   2016 (Decrease)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities $ 7,308 $ (9,789 )   174.7 % $ (21,789 ) $ 6,475   -436.5 %
Capital expenditures $ 2,906 $ 777 274.0 % $ 6,332 $ 4,129 53.4 %
 

As of December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and available-for-sale short-term investments totaled $180.1 million and $207.2 million, respectively.

OUTLOOK

The Company is executing well against its objective of sustainable and responsible growth with student initiatives and investments in our University Group showing positive results and the teach-out of our All Other Campuses segment substantially complete. As a result, consistent with the objective of sustainable and responsible growth the Company is providing an outlook to its adjusted operating income and ending cash balance for 2018 and 2019. The Company currently expects the following results, subject to the key assumptions identified below (see the GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliation for adjusted operating income (loss) attached to this press release for further details):

Financial Outlook:
         
For the 1st Quarter Ending March 31, For the Year Ending December 31,
2017     2018 2017     2018

Adjusted Operating Income
Total Company $15.8M $22M - $24M $66.8M $99M - $106M
 
University Group and Corporate $25.7M $26M - $27M $105.9M $110M - $115M
 
All Other Campuses ($9.8M) ($3M) - ($4M) ($39.0M) ($9M) - ($11M)
 

Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and short term investments
$180.1M $220M - $225M
 

We expect adjusted operating income for the total company to grow in 2019 as compared to 2018 and our ending cash balance for 2019 to increase as compared to 2018.

University Group Enrollment Outlook:

  • CTU
    • New student enrollments for the first quarter of 2018 are expected to increase as compared to the prior year quarter.
  • AIU:
    • The academic calendar redesign has caused significant variability in quarterly new enrollment trends due to the varying number of enrollment days in any given quarter.
    • As a result, we expect new student enrollments to decrease approximately 40 percent in the first quarter of 2018 as compared to the prior year quarter.
    • However, we expect this decrease to be more than offset by growth in new student enrollments in the second and third quarters of 2018, such that on a rolling three quarter basis we expect new student enrollments to reflect growth.

Operating income (loss), which is the most directly comparable GAAP measure to adjusted operating income (loss), may not follow the same trends as discussed in the outlook above because of adjustments made for unused space charges that represent the present value of future remaining lease obligations for vacated space less an estimated amount for sublease income as well as depreciation, amortization, asset impairment charges and significant legal settlements. The operating income (loss) and adjusted operating income (loss) and cash outlook provided above for 2018 and 2019 are based on the following key assumptions and factors, among others: (i) prospective student interest in the Company's programs continues to trend in line with recent experiences, (ii) initiatives and investments in student-serving processes and operations continue to positively impact enrollment trends within the University Group, (iii) achievement of anticipated recovery rates for the Company's real estate obligations and timing of any associated lease termination payments in line with our current expectations, (iv) no material changes in the legal or regulatory environment, and excludes legal and regulatory liabilities and other related impacts which are not probable and estimable at this time, and any impact of new or proposed regulations, including the "borrower defense to repayment" and gainful employment regulations and any modifications thereto, and (v) no material changes in the estimated amount of compensation expense that could be impacted by changes in the Company's stock price. Although these estimates and assumptions are based upon management's good faith beliefs regarding current events and actions that may be undertaken in the future, actual results could differ materially from these estimates.

CONFERENCE CALL INFORMATION

Career Education Corporation will host a conference call on Wednesday, February 21, 2018 at 5:30 p.m. Eastern time to discuss its fourth quarter and full year 2017 results. Interested parties can access the live webcast of the conference call and the related presentation materials at www.careered.com in the Investor Relations section of the website. Participants can also listen to the conference call by dialing 844-378-6484 (domestic) or 412-542-4179 (international). Please log-in or dial-in at least 10 minutes prior to the start time to ensure a connection. An archived version of the webcast will be accessible for 90 days at www.careered.com in the Investor Relations section of the website.

ABOUT CAREER EDUCATION CORPORATION

Career Education's academic institutions offer a quality education to a diverse student population in a variety of disciplines through online, campus-based and blended learning programs. The Company's two universities - American InterContinental University ("AIU") and Colorado Technical University ("CTU") - provide degree programs through the master's or doctoral level as well as associate and bachelor's levels. Both universities predominantly serve students online with career-focused degree programs that are designed to meet the educational demands of today's busy adults. AIU and CTU continue to show innovation in higher education, advancing new personalized learning technologies like their intelli path™ learning platform. Career Education is committed to providing quality education that closes the gap between learners who seek to advance their careers and employers needing a qualified workforce.

A listing of individual campus locations and web links to Career Education's institutions can be found at www.careered.com.

Except for the historical and present factual information contained herein, the matters set forth in this release, including statements identified by words such as "believe," "will," "expect," "estimate," "continue," "on track," "outlook," "remain" and similar expressions, are forward-looking statements as defined in Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These statements are based on information currently available to us and are subject to various assumptions, risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause our results of operations, financial condition, cash flows, performance, business prospects and opportunities to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, these statements. Except as expressly required by the federal securities laws, we undertake no obligation to update or revise such factors or any of the forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect future events, developments or changed circumstances, or for any other reason. These risks and uncertainties, the outcomes of which could materially and adversely affect our financial condition and operations, include, but are not limited to, the following: declines in enrollment or interest in our programs; our continued compliance with and eligibility to participate in Title IV Programs under the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, and the regulations thereunder (including the gainful employment, 90-10, financial responsibility and administrative capability standards prescribed by the U.S. Department of Education), as well as applicable accreditation standards and state regulatory requirements; the impact of recently issued "defense to repayment" regulations and any modifications thereto; rulemaking by the U.S. Department of Education or any state or accreditor and increased focus by Congress and governmental agencies on, or increased negative publicity about, for-profit education institutions; our ability to successfully defend litigation and other claims brought against us; the success of our initiatives to improve student experiences, retention and academic outcomes; the ability of our new student admissions and advising centers in Phoenix, Arizona, to achieve anticipated operating performance; negative trends in the real estate market which could impact the costs related to teaching out campuses and the success of our initiatives to reduce our real estate obligations; our ability to achieve anticipated cost savings and business efficiencies; increased competition; the impact of management changes; and changes in the overall U.S. economy. Further information about these and other relevant risks and uncertainties may be found in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 and its subsequent filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
CAREER EDUCATION CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands)
       
December 31, December 31,
2017   2016
 
ASSETS
CURRENT ASSETS:
Cash and cash equivalents, unrestricted $ 18,110 $ 49,507
Restricted cash 789 1,375
Restricted short-term investments 5,070 8,597
Short-term investments   156,178   147,681
Total cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and short-term investments 180,147 207,160
 
Student receivables, net 18,875 22,825
Receivables, other, net 1,163 929
Prepaid expenses 7,722 14,446
Inventories 1,112 1,868
Other current assets 1,319 817
Assets of discontinued operations   382   148
Total current assets   210,720   248,193
 
NON-CURRENT ASSETS:
Property and equipment, net 33,230 40,512
Goodwill 87,356 87,356
Intangible assets, net 7,900 8,500
Student receivables, net 2,548 3,055
Deferred income tax assets, net 98,084 158,272
Other assets 5,673 7,608
Assets of discontinued operations   1,585   6,105
TOTAL ASSETS $ 447,096 $ 559,601
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable $ 8,515 $ 10,099
Accrued expenses:
Payroll and related benefits 32,910 41,203
Advertising and production costs 9,245 10,253
Income taxes 2,185 1,830
Other 31,233 69,244
Deferred tuition revenue 22,897 28,364
Liabilities of discontinued operations   5,701   8,219
Total current liabilities   112,686   169,212
 
NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Deferred rent obligations 15,277 30,713
Other liabilities 22,143 31,751
Liabilities of discontinued operations   785   6,422
Total non-current liabilities   38,205   68,886
 
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY:
Preferred stock - -
Common stock 843 835
Additional paid-in capital 621,008 613,325
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (164 ) (258 )
Accumulated deficit (108,127 ) (76,230 )
Cost of shares in treasury   (217,355 )   (216,169 )
Total stockholders' equity   296,205   321,503
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY $ 447,096 $ 559,601
 
CAREER EDUCATION CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF LOSS AND
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(In thousands, except per share amounts and percentages)
 
For the Quarter Ended December 31,
  % of     % of
Total Total
2017 Revenue 2016 Revenue
REVENUE:    
Tuition and fees $ 142,557 99.6 % $ 154,489 99.5 %
Other   561 0.4 %   766 0.5 %
Total revenue   143,118   155,255
OPERATING EXPENSES:
Educational services and facilities 28,977 20.2 % 64,107 41.3 %
General and administrative 100,807 70.4 % 140,367 90.4 %
Depreciation and amortization 2,622 1.8 % 5,761 3.7 %
Asset impairment   0.0 %   927 0.6 %
Total operating expenses   132,406 92.5 %   211,162 136.0 %
Operating income (loss)   10,712 7.5 %   (55,907 ) -36.0 %
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE):
Interest income 572 0.4 % 362 0.2 %
Interest expense (111 ) -0.1 % (115 ) -0.1 %
Miscellaneous income   176 0.1 %   304 0.2 %
Total other income   637 0.4 %   551 0.4 %
PRETAX INCOME (LOSS) 11,349 7.9 % (55,356 ) -35.7 %
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes   55,982 39.1 %   (25,326 ) -16.3 %
 
LOSS FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS (44,633 ) -31.2 % (30,030 ) -19.3 %
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax   251 0.2 %   (2,846 ) -1.8 %
NET LOSS   (44,382 ) -31.0 %   (32,876 ) -21.2 %
 
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS, net of tax:
Foreign currency translation adjustments (80 ) (220 )
Unrealized loss on investments   (228 )   (125 )
Total other comprehensive loss   (308 )   (345 )
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS $ (44,690 ) $ (33,221 )
 
NET LOSS PER SHARE - BASIC and DILUTED:
Loss from continuing operations $ (0.64 ) $ (0.44 )
Income (loss) from discontinued operations   0.00   (0.04 )
Net loss per share $ (0.64 ) $ (0.48 )
 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING:
Basic and Diluted   69,105   68,505
 
 
CAREER EDUCATION CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF LOSS AND
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(In thousands, except per share amounts and percentages)
 
  For the Year Ended December 31,
  % of     % of
Total Total
2017 Revenue 2016 Revenue
REVENUE:    
Tuition and fees $ 593,849 99.6 % $ 700,525 99.5 %
Other   2,586 0.4 %   3,867 0.5 %
Total revenue   596,435   704,392
OPERATING EXPENSES:
Educational services and facilities 143,344 24.0 % 235,100 33.4 %
General and administrative 404,965 67.9 % 477,725 67.8 %
Depreciation and amortization 13,990 2.3 % 22,747 3.2 %
Asset impairment   0.0 %   1,164 0.2 %
Total operating expenses   562,299 94.3 %   736,736 104.6 %
Operating income (loss)   34,136 5.7 %   (32,344 ) -4.6 %
OTHER INCOME:
Interest income 1,900 0.3 % 1,262 0.2 %
Interest expense (451 ) -0.1 % (584 ) -0.1 %
Miscellaneous income   665 0.1 %   300 0.0 %
Total other income   2,114 0.4 %   978 0.1 %
PRETAX INCOME (LOSS) 36,250 6.1 % (31,366 ) -4.5 %
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes   67,125 11.3 %   (16,550 ) -2.3 %
 
LOSS FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS (30,875 ) -5.2 % (14,816 ) -2.1 %
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax   (1,022 ) -0.2 %   (3,896 ) -0.6 %
NET LOSS   (31,897 ) -5.3 %   (18,712 ) -2.7 %
 
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME, net of tax:
Foreign currency translation adjustments 288 (77 )
Unrealized (loss) gain on investments   (194 )   699
Total other comprehensive income   94   622
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS $ (31,803 ) $ (18,090 )
 
NET LOSS PER SHARE - BASIC and DILUTED:
Loss from continuing operations $ (0.45 ) $ (0.22 )
Loss from discontinued operations   (0.01 )   (0.05 )
Net loss per share $ (0.46 ) $ (0.27 )
 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING:
Basic and Diluted   68,949   68,373
 
 
CAREER EDUCATION CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)
 
For the Year Ended December 31,
2017   2016
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net loss $ (31,897 ) $ (18,712 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
Asset impairment 1,164
Depreciation and amortization expense 13,990 22,747
Bad debt expense 27,436 31,885
Compensation expense related to share-based awards 4,970 3,237
Deferred income taxes 64,225 (18,087 )
Gain on disposition of property and equipment (438 )
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Student receivables, gross 5,129 6,925
Allowance for doubtful accounts (28,075 ) (29,033 )
Other receivables, net (257 ) 1,127
Inventories, prepaid expenses, and other current assets 8,742 2,783
Deposits and other non-current assets 1,706 1,634
Accounts payable (1,588 ) (16,264 )
Accrued expenses and deferred rent obligations (80,703 ) 29,254
Deferred tuition revenue   (5,467 )   (11,747 )
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities   (21,789 )   6,475
 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Purchases of available-for-sale investments (256,243 ) (160,590 )
Sales of available-for-sale investments 250,928 126,830
Purchases of property and equipment (6,332 ) (4,129 )
Proceeds on the sale of assets 3,600
Payments of cash upon sale of businesses     (62 )
Net cash used in investing activities   (11,647 )   (34,351 )
 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Issuance of common stock 2,722 773
Payment on borrowings (38,000 )
Payments of employee tax associated with stock compensation   (1,187 )   (563 )
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   1,535   (37,790 )
 
EFFECT OF FOREIGN CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH
AND CASH EQUIVALENTS:   (82 )   (192 )
 
NET DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS (31,983 ) (65,858 )
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, beginning of the period   50,882   116,740
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, end of the period $ 18,899 $ 50,882
 
   
CAREER EDUCATION CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED SELECTED SEGMENT INFORMATION

(In thousands, except percentages)
 

For the Quarter Ended December 31,
2017   2016
REVENUE:
CTU $ 94,767 $ 94,696
AIU   47,633   40,909
Total University Group 142,400 135,605
Corporate and Other    
Subtotal 142,400 135,605
All Other Campuses   718   19,650
Total $ 143,118 $ 155,255
 
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS):
CTU $ 30,553 $ 28,719
AIU   414   (38,634 )
Total University Group 30,967 (9,915 )
Corporate and Other   (5,472 )   (7,937 )
Subtotal 25,495 (17,852 )
All Other Campuses   (14,783 )   (38,055 )
Total $ 10,712 $ (55,907 )
 
OPERATING MARGIN (LOSS):
CTU 32.2 % 30.3 %
AIU   0.9 %   -94.4 %
Total University Group 21.7 % -7.3 %
Corporate and Other NM NM
Subtotal 17.9 % -13.2 %
All Other Campuses NM NM
Total   7.5 %   -36.0 %
 
 
CAREER EDUCATION CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED SELECTED SEGMENT INFORMATION

(In thousands, except percentages)
 
For the Year Ended December 31,
2017   2016
REVENUE:  
CTU $ 371,325 $ 369,319
AIU   198,251   193,032
Total University Group 569,576 562,351
Corporate and Other    
Subtotal 569,576 562,351
All Other Campuses   26,859   142,041
Total $ 596,435 $ 704,392
 
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS):
CTU $ 109,202 $ 99,412
AIU   8,401   (29,598 )
Total University Group 117,603 69,814
Corporate and Other   (22,067 )   (25,097 )
Subtotal 95,536 44,717
All Other Campuses   (61,400 )   (77,061 )
Total $ 34,136 $ (32,344 )
 
OPERATING MARGIN (LOSS):
CTU 29.4 % 26.9 %
AIU   4.2 %   -15.3 %
Total University Group 20.6 % 12.4 %
Corporate and Other NM NM
Subtotal 16.8 % 8.0 %
All Other Campuses   -228.6 %   -54.3 %
Total   5.7 %   -4.6 %
 
 
CAREER EDUCATION CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED RECONCILIATION OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP ITEMS (1)

(In thousands, unless otherwise noted)
     
For the Quarter Ended December 31, For the Year Ended December 31,
ACTUAL ACTUAL

Adjusted Operating Income (Loss)
2017   2016 2017   2016

University Group and Corporate:
Operating income (loss) (2) (3) $ 25,495 $ (17,852 ) $ 95,536 $ 44,717
Depreciation and amortization (3) 2,631 2,690 10,326 11,164
Asset impairments (3) 237
Unused space charges (3) (4) (7 ) 16 (7 ) 1,134
Significant legal settlements (3)     32,000     32,000
Adjusted Operating Income --

University Group and Corporate (5)
$ 28,119 $ 16,854 $ 105,855 $ 89,252
 

All Other Campuses:
Operating loss (2) (6) $ (14,783 ) $ (38,055 ) $ (61,400 ) $ (77,061 )
Depreciation and amortization (6) (9 ) 3,071 3,664 11,583
Asset impairments (6) 927 927
Unused space charges (4) (6) 1,016 20,596 12,174 34,719
Significant legal settlements (6)   6,543     6,543  
Adjusted Operating Loss --

All Other Campuses (5)
$ (7,233 ) $ (13,461 ) $ (39,019 ) $ (29,832 )
 
         
For the 1st Quarter Ending March 31, For the Year Ending December 31,
ACTUAL     OUTLOOK   ACTUAL     OUTLOOK
2017   2018 2017   2018

Total Company
       
Operating income (2) $9.8M $20M - $22M $34.1M $84M - $91M
Depreciation and amortization 3.9M ~2 14.0M ~10
Asset impairments
Unused space charges (4) 2.1M 12.2M ~5
Significant legal settlements     6.5M  
Adjusted Operating Income $15.8M $22M - $24M $66.8M $99M - $106M
 

University Group and Corporate
Operating income (2) (3) $23.1M $24M - $25M $95.5M $100M - $105M
Depreciation and amortization (3) 2.6M ~2 10.4M ~10
Asset impairments (3)
Unused space charges (3) (4)
Significant legal settlements (3)        
Adjusted Operating Income (5) $25.7M $26M - $27M $105.9M $110M - $115M
 

All Other Campuses
Operating loss (2) (6) ($13.3M) ($3M) - ($4M) ($61.4M) ($14M) - ($16M)
Depreciation and amortization (6) 1.4M 3.7M
Asset impairments (6)
Unused space charges (4) (6) 2.1M 12.2M ~5
Significant legal settlements (6)     6.5M  
Adjusted Operating Loss (5) ($9.8M) ($3M) - ($4M) ($39.0M) ($9M) - ($11M)
 
(1)   The Company believes it is useful to present non-GAAP financial measures which exclude certain significant and non-cash items as a means to understand the performance of its operations. As a general matter, the Company uses non-GAAP financial measures in conjunction with results presented in accordance with GAAP to help analyze the performance of its operations, assist with preparing the annual operating plan, and measure performance for some forms of compensation. In addition, the Company believes that non-GAAP financial information is used by analysts and others in the investment community to analyze the Company's historical results and to provide estimates of future performance.
 
The Company believes adjusted operating income (loss) allows it to analyze and assess its ongoing operations and compare current operating results with the operational performance of other companies in its industry because it does not give effect to potential differences caused by items it does not consider reflective of underlying operating performance, such as unused space charges and significant legal reserves. In evaluating adjusted operating income (loss), investors should be aware that in the future the Company may incur expenses similar to the adjustments presented above. The presentation of adjusted operating income (loss) should not be construed as an inference that the Company's future results will be unaffected by expenses that are unusual, non-routine or non-recurring. Adjusted operating income (loss) has limitations as an analytical tool, and it should not be considered in isolation, or as a substitute for net income (loss), operating income (loss), or any other performance measure derived in accordance and reported under GAAP or as an alternative to cash flow from operating activities or as a measure of liquid ity.
 
Non-GAAP financial measures, when viewed in a reconciliation to corresponding GAAP financial measures, provide an additional way of viewing the Company's results of operations and the factors and trends affecting the Company's business. Non-GAAP financial measures should be considered as a supplement to, and not as a substitute for, or superior to, the corresponding financial results presented in accordance with GAAP.
 
(2) Operating income (loss) for the University Group and Corporate and operating loss for All Other Campuses make up the components of operating income (loss). A reconciliation of these components for the quarters and years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 is presented below:
     
For the Quarter Ended December 31, For the Year Ended December 31,
ACTUAL ACTUAL
2017   2016 2017   2016
Operating income (loss) for University Group and Corporate $ 25,495 $ (17,852 ) $ 95,536 $ 44,717
Operating loss for All Other Campuses   (14,783 )   (38,055 )   (61,400 )   (77,061 )
Operating income (loss) $ 10,712 $ (55,907 ) $ 34,136 $ (32,344 )
 
(3)   Amounts relate to the University Group and Corporate.
 
(4) Unused space charges represent the net present value of remaining lease obligations for vacated space less an estimated amount for sublease income. These charges relate to exiting leased space as the Company continues to right-size the organization and therefore are not considered representative of ongoing operations.
 
(5) Management assesses results of operations for the University Group and Corporate separately from All Other Campuses. As All Other Campuses have been announced for teach-out or have been taught out, management views these operations as not reflective of the ongoing business. As a result, management views adjusted operating income from the University Group and Corporate separately from the remainder of the organization, to assess results and make decisions.
 
(6) Amounts relate to All Other Campuses.

View source version on businesswire.com: http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20180221006353/en/

Copyright Business Wire 2010

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