Several themes emerged regarding three categories of workers: gig only, people who did contract work exclusively; gig plus, individuals who did contract work and held a traditional full- or part-time job; and full-time, or those with traditional full-time jobs. The study showed that gig work is not an exclusively urban trend, rather it is equally spread among cities, suburbs and rural areas, thus increasing available income in some areas where there had been few opportunities.Gig workers are also more likely to be in the service and manual labor sector. The most common job categories for gig-only workers are construction, installation and repair, personal care and sales. The most common work for gig-plus workers is computer and information technology, sales and personal care. The study showed the scope of the employer-sponsored benefits shortfall among contract workers:
- Only 7 percent of gig-only and 21 percent of gig-plus workers have long-term disability insurance.
- Only 20 percent of gig-only and 37 percent of gig-plus workers have life insurance.
- Sixteen percent of gig-only and 25 percent of gig-plus workers have assets in an employer-sponsored retirement plan, compared to 52 percent for their full-time counterparts, according to the research.