Stocks held lower on Thursday morning one day before the inauguration of President-elect Donald Trump.
The S&P 500 was down 0.17%, the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 0.2%, and the Nasdaq slipped 0.12%.
Stocks have struggled in recent days with the so-called Trump rally appearing to have subsided. Wall Street has tried to make sense of the incoming administration's policies, including which will actually come to pass and which were merely campaign bluster. Trump will be inaugurated as the 45th president of the United States on Friday.
"The question surrounding the financial markets will be whether or not most of his campaign rhetoric regarding trade agreements will actually be implemented," Peter Cardillo, chief market economist, wrote in a note. "We suspect in large part it will be watered down. The mere thought of it, however, will raise the possibilities that trade wars will develop, thus bringing the world financial order closer to protectionism than at any time since the early 1930's."
Promising subscriber growth from Netflix (NFLX - Get Report) boosted shares of the streaming giant. Netflix jumped more than 5% after rocketing past estimates in its fourth quarter. The streaming service added 7.05 million subscribers in the recent quarter, far better than growth of 3.57 million subscribers in the third quarter. Netflix added 1.93 million new U.S. subscribers during the quarter, easily surpassing Wall Street's expectations for 1.4 million new domestic subscribers. Net income rose to 15 cents a share, up a nickel from the same quarter a year earlier and 2 cents above estimates.
Netflix noted in its letter to shareholders that the over-the-top content market has become increasingly saturated as more companies have entered the space, including Amazon (AMZN - Get Report) , which expanded its Prime Video Service in 2016.
Housing starts in December rose at a faster-than-expected pace, climbing to an annual pace of 1.226 million. Economists anticipated an annual pace of 1.188 million. Building permits came in at a pace of 1.225 million, above estimates of 1.2 million.
Initial jobless claims fell in the past week, according to the Labor Department, another sign of a tightening labor market. The number of new claims for unemployment benefits fell by 15,000 to 234,000. Analysts anticipated claims to tick up to 255,000.
The European Central Bank on Thursday opted to leave rates unchanged, as economists had expected. The interest rate on refinancing was left unchanged at 0%, while the deposit facility interest rate held at negative 0.4%. In a press conference, ECB President Mario Draghi noted signs of a "somewhat stronger" global economic recovery.
At its last meeting, the ECB left its bond buying at 80 billion euros a month until March 2017. Bond buying will then drop to 60 billion euros a month in April and will extend until December 2017, though could be pushed out further if needed, the bank said.
Crude oil prices pared gains by late morning after a weekly reading on domestic inventories showed building supply. U.S. crude oil inventories added 2.3 million barrels in the past week, while gas supplies jumped by 6 million barrels, the Energy Information Administration said Thursday.
West Texas Intermediate crude was up 0.7% to $51.44 a barrel on Thursday.
Citigroup (C - Get Report) moved lower after getting hit with a $25 million fine from the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission. The commission had investigated charges of spoofing U.S. Treasury futures markets from mid-2011 to the end of 2012. Five Citigroup traders were found to have made bids with the intent to cancel before they went through.
Kinder Morgan (KMI - Get Report) was slightly lower after reporting a sharper-than-expected drop in revenue than anticipated. Revenue declined by 6.9% to $3.39 billion, missing estimates by $150 million. The company swung to a profit of $209 million from a loss of $695 million a year earlier.
CSX (CSX - Get Report) surged more than 17% on news former Canadian Pacific (CP) CEO Hunter Harrison had partnered with an activist investor to shake up its management. Harrison has teamed up with Paul Hilal, formerly of Bill Ackman's Pershing Square Capital Management.