NEW YORK, Dec. 1, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- INTRODUCTION The ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) is one of the key protein degradation pathway involved in the control of protein homeostasis and turnover that mediates the regulation of several cellular processes. The UPS consists of two separate consecutive steps, ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. Due to its involvement in multiple metabolic and regulatory functions, the UPS is considered as a vital part of the cellular machinery controlling protein homeostasis. Targeting specific components of the UPS in order to regulate cellular growth and metabolism in diseases is not a novel concept; however, advances in molecular signalling have revealed a number of potential enzyme targets within the UPS that, if successfully modulated, can lead to the development of highly specific drugs against a number of pathological and degenerative disease indications. Many scientists and research groups are trying to unravel the hidden potential of this highly complex regulatory system in order to develop viable drug candidates. According to PubMed, there are close to 1500 publications related to ubiquitin enzymes from 2015 till date. A number of technical advances in this domain have led to the development of multiple technology platforms, research based assays, toolkits, probes, reagents and precursor compounds to support the different drug discovery programs of various academic and industry researchers. In fact, the current market landscape features contributions of not only big pharma companies but also small to mid-sized players and academic institutions. A number of strategic partnerships have also been inked between various stakeholders to advance R&D activities in this domain. Results of preclinical and clinical studies have demonstrated the potential benefits of this class of therapies; the major highlight being their attractive safety profile. The burgeoning field of research has captured the interest of several venture capital firms and strategic investors. The upcoming market, primarily focused on oncological indications, is expected to prosper in the long term and witness the emergence of several successful drugs.