European stock markets closed higher on Wednesday after staging a strong recovery rally from late morning onward.
The headline news item for the day was undoubtedly the surprise election of Donald Trump in the U.S., which led to a bloodbath in equities after the market opened just a few hours following the result.
But the president-elect's conciliatory tone at a press conference soothed nerves among some European investors, who are still reeling from the Brexit vote in June, after he pledged to be a president for all Americans and called for rifts within the nation to be healed.
London's FTSE 100, which is heavily populated with dollar earners and had a number of companies report earnings before the market opened, was a relative laggard for the session. The blue-chip index closed 0.8% higher at 6,894.5 while the mid-cap FTSE 250 also came to rest some 0.8% higher at 17,574.5.
The DAX in Germany was the top performer among continental benchmarks, rising by 1.21%, to close at 10,608.7. This is while the CAC followed closely behind, up 1.12%, to close at 4,526.4. The Stoxx Europe 600 index, the broadest measure of European stocks, closed 1.4% higher at 339.7.
Currency markets were volatile during the session. Initially the dollar weakened markedly against the pound and the euro, but later pared losses.
The pound was trading around 1.2475 against the greenback at the time stock markets closed, a broadly similar level to Tuesday afternoon. The euro was a fraction lower against the dollar by the time the markets closed, at 1.0936.
Fixed-income markets sold off throughout the day, with yields rising steadily by the close. The German Bund yield rose to its highest level since June, at 0.2%, while U.K. Gilt yields were up to 1.14%. The French Tresor yield was higher by nearly 10 basis points, at 0.52%.
In individual stocks the top riser on the FTSE 100 was Ashtead Group (ASHTF) , a construction and industrial equipment firm, with a significant presence in the U.S. Its stock rose by 11% in response to Trump's victory.
In Germany, Fresenius (FMS - Get Report) and Merck (MKGAY) were both top risers, benefiting from speculation that a Trump presidency will mean less interference from Washington in the field of drug pricing.
In France, global steel and mining firm ArcelorMittal (MT - Get Report) saw its stock rise by more than 10%. It reported a solid beat against expectations for earnings and benefited from speculation among investors that a Trump presidency could help pressure China into curtailing is subsidies for all industries, including those for the steel industry that has dumped vast quantities of the metal onto the global market.