WELLESLEY, Massachusetts, November 7, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Bioprinting is rapidly emerging as a tool for producing 3-D cell cultures and tissues. BCC Research reveals in its new report that the global market for bioprinting is forecast to achieve an annual growth rate exceeding 43% through 2021. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140723/694805 ) Bioprinting has origins in several technologies, including 3-D printing, additive manufacturing, tissue engineering, and synthetic biology. The main elements of bioprinting encompass computer-aided design for patterning and assembly of living and non-living materials with 2-D or 3-D structure. The bioprinted structures are used in various applications like in vitro assays for regenerative medicine and in drug development and testing. The main market applications are in research and applied (collectively, non-clinical) and clinical. The global market for bioprinting should reach $295 million and $1.8 billion million in 2016 and 2021, respectively, demonstrating a five-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 43.9%. The nonclinical bioprinting applications (mostly applied research) is expected grow from $295 million in 2016 to $635.2 million by 2021, reflecting a five-year CAGR of 16.6%. The global clinical application segment should reach almost $1.2 billion by 2021. Key industries such as the drug and cosmetics industries are pursuing bioprinting as a technology to manufacture realistic in vitro models for toxicity and disease modeling. Bioprinted 3-D constructs have demonstrated remarkable potential for in vitro models by mimicking in vivo states. Beyond in vitro models, 3-D printing has enormous potential in regenerative medicine applications for tissue grafting and organ replacement, as well. Advances in bioprint capabilities such as enhanced preservation of living cells during printing processes, the capability to simultaneously print multiple bioink types, innovations in bioink formulations, and improved printing speed and precision are key growth factor for instruments and reagents.