Silver Bay Realty Trust Corp. (NYSE:SBY) (the "Company" or "Silver Bay"), a single-family rental real estate investment trust ("REIT"), today announced its operating and financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2016.

Highlights
  • Recorded total revenue of $31.6 million, a 3% year-over-year increase for the third quarter of 2016, notwithstanding a decrease of 237 properties in the aggregate portfolio
  • Increased aggregate occupancy rate to 96.8% on a portfolio of 8,837 single-family properties compared to 94.9% for the third quarter of 2015
  • Achieved rental increases of 9.1% on re-leases and 3.6% on renewals for the third quarter of 2016
  • Reported a net loss of $1.7 million, or $0.05 per common share, for the third quarter of 2016, a change of 17% compared to the third quarter of 2015
  • Increased net operating income (as defined in this release) by 6% to $17.5 million for the third quarter of 2016, compared to the third quarter of 2015
  • Achieved Same-Home net operating income (as defined in this release) increase of 8% year-over-year to $12.0 million for the third quarter of 2016
  • Reported core funds from operations (as defined in this release) of $0.19 per share, an increase of 12% compared to the third quarter of 2015
  • Acquired a portfolio of 322 homes for an aggregate purchase price of $41.5 million on October 1, 2016. This was partially financed with the proceeds from the sale of 66 non-core homes during the quarter.
  • Entered into interest rate swap transactions to effectively fix the interest rate on $296 million of the Company's floating rate debt at 2.8% over the next three years

"In the third quarter we had solid top-line growth and continued momentum across key portfolio metrics including an occupancy rate of 97%. This combined with some operational improvements contributed to an 8% year-over-year increase in Same-Home net operating income," said Thomas W. Brock, Silver Bay's Chief Executive Officer. "Our strategy to optimize our portfolio is proceeding as planned. We have virtually exited Southern California at full market value prices for those properties, and are continuing to see opportunities to re-allocate capital in assets that have favorable yields in our core markets. At this point in time, we believe this is the best use of capital to generate strong cash flow and returns to our shareholders."

Financial Results

Silver Bay reported total revenue of $31.6 million for the third quarter of 2016, a 3% increase compared to total revenue of $30.6 million for the third quarter of 2015, notwithstanding a decrease of 237 properties in the aggregate portfolio. This increase was primarily due to increases in the Company's rental rates and occupancy rate. The Company owned 8,837 properties as of September 30, 2016, compared to 9,074 properties as of September 30, 2015. Net loss attributable to common stockholders for the third quarter of 2016 was $1.6 million, or $0.05 per common share, compared to net loss attributable to common stockholders for the third quarter of 2015 of $1.4 million, or $0.04 per common share.

The Company reported net operating income ("NOI") of $17.5 million for the third quarter of 2016, a 6% increase compared to NOI of $16.5 million for the third quarter of 2015. Same-Home NOI increased to $12.0 million for the third quarter of 2016, an 8% increase compared to Same-Home NOI of $11.1 million for the third quarter of 2015. Core funds from operations ("Core FFO") for the third quarter of 2016 was $7.1 million, or $0.19 per share, a 12% increase on a per share basis compared to Core FFO for the third quarter of 2015 of $6.4 million, or $0.17 per share. NOI, Same-Home NOI and Core FFO are non-GAAP financial measures. Reconciliations of net loss to NOI, Same-Home NOI and Core FFO are included in the unaudited supplemental financial and operating data accompanying this press release.

Portfolio, Financial and Operating Metrics Summary

The following table provides a summary of Silver Bay's portfolio, financial and operating metrics for the third quarter of 2016 and 2015, respectively:
 

PORTFOLIO, FINANCIAL AND OPERATING SUMMARY

(AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS EXCEPT PER SHARE AND PER HOME)
      Three Months Ended September 30, 2016 (Unaudited)     Three Months Ended September 30, 2015 (Unaudited)
Net loss $ (1,665 ) $ (1,427 )
Net loss attributable to common stockholders $ (1,592 ) $ (1,368 )
Net loss per share attributable to common shares $ (0.05 ) $ (0.04 )
Core FFO per share (1) $ 0.19 $ 0.17
NOI (1) $ 17,548 $ 16,497
Core NOI Margin (1) 56.1 % 54.7 %
Same-Home NOI (1) $ 11,986 $ 11,091
Same-Home Core NOI Margin (1) 55.2 % 54.0 %
 
As of September 30, 2016 As of September 30, 2015
Single-family properties owned:
Aggregate portfolio 8,837 9,074
Same-Home portfolio 5,876 5,876
Occupancy rate:
Aggregate portfolio 96.8 % 94.9 %
Same-Home portfolio 97.0 % 95.6 %
Average monthly rent:
Aggregate portfolio $ 1,202 $ 1,159
Same-Home portfolio $ 1,262 $ 1,214
 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2016

Three Months Ended September 30, 2015
Average change in rent for re-leases:
Aggregate portfolio 9.1 % 5.5 %
Same-Home portfolio 8.9 % 5.3 %
Average change in rent for renewals:
Aggregate portfolio 3.6 % 3.7 %
Same-Home portfolio 3.4 % 3.7 %
Trailing twelve month turnover 29.5 % 27.6 %
Retention rate 79.0 % 77.5 %
 
(1)     NOI, Core NOI Margin, Same-Home NOI, Same-Home Core NOI Margin and Core FFO per share reconciliations are included in the definitions and reconciliations of financial and operating measures in the unaudited supplemental financial and operating data section of this release.
 

Aggregate Metrics

Silver Bay reported an aggregate occupancy rate of 96.8% as of September 30, 2016, an increase from 94.9% in the third quarter of 2015. A summary of Silver Bay's occupancy rates by market is included in the unaudited supplemental financial and operating data accompanying this press release.

Silver Bay reported an average monthly rent for the aggregate portfolio of $1,202 as of September 30, 2016, compared to an average monthly rent of $1,159 as of September 30, 2015. The Company experienced re-lease rate increases of 9.1% and renewal rate increases of 3.6% during the third quarter of 2016.

Silver Bay's trailing twelve-month turnover increased 190 basis points to 29.5% as of September 30, 2016 from 27.6% as of September 30, 2015 and its retention rate increased 150 basis points to 79.0% during the third quarter of 2016 from 77.5% in the third quarter of 2015.

Same-Home Metrics

Same-Home NOI grew 8%, or $0.9 million, to $12.0 million, and Same-Home Core NOI margin improved 120 basis points to 55.2% in the third quarter of 2016 compared to the same period a year ago. This increase was primarily due to revenue growth resulting from higher occupancy and rental rates partially offset by a slight increase in Same-Home property operating expenses. Same-Home average monthly rent increased 4.0% to $1,262 as of September 30, 2016, compared to an average monthly rent of $1,214 as of September 30, 2015.

Same-Home occupancy increased by 140 basis points to 97.0% as of September 30, 2016 compared to a year ago. Additional detail on the Company's Same-Home portfolio is included in the unaudited supplemental financial and operating data accompanying this press release.

Investment Activity

During the third quarter of 2016, the Company acquired 14 single-family homes with an aggregate purchase price of $1.6 million. In addition, on October 1, 2016, the Company acquired a portfolio of 322 properties for an aggregate purchase price of $41.5 million.

During the third quarter of 2016, the Company sold 66 single-family homes for total gross proceeds of $11.3 million. Net gain from these sales totaled $2.4 million.

Dividend Declaration

The Company's Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.13 per share of common stock for the quarter ended September 30, 2016. The dividend was paid October 14, 2016 to common stockholders of record at the close of business on October 3, 2016.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The Company's liquidity and capital resources as of September 30, 2016 consisted of cash of $37.3 million, escrow deposits of$65.6 million, which consists of cash held in reserve at financial institutions as required by its debt agreements of $23.9 million and earnest money deposits for property purchases of $39.7 million, and $35.9 million in additional borrowing capacity under its revolving credit facility.

During the third quarter of 2016, the Company entered into interest rate swap transactions to effectively fix the interest rate on $296.0 million of variable rate debt under the securitization loan for three years. The swap transactions are structured with a fixed rate that steps up over the three-year term locking in the forward LIBOR curve at the time of execution. This structure resulted in an average effective rate of 2.8% over the three-year term. The swaps qualify for hedge accounting and the Company designated as cash flow hedges. As such, the Company de-designated the three existing interest rate cap agreements associated with the securitization loan.

Conference Call

Silver Bay will host a conference call on November 3, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. EDT to discuss third quarter 2016 financial results and business highlights. To participate in the teleconference, please call toll-free (888) 338-9509 (or (412) 902-4187 for international callers and (855) 669-9657 for Canadian callers) approximately 10 minutes prior to the above start time. You may also listen to the teleconference live via the internet on the Company's website at www.silverbayrealtytrustcorp.com in the Investor Relations section under the Events Calendar link. For those unable to attend, a telephone playback will be available beginning at 1:00 p.m. EDT on November 3, 2016 through 9:00 a.m. EDT on December 3, 2016. The playback can be accessed by calling (877) 344-7529 (or (412) 317-0088 for international callers and (855) 669-9658 for Canadian callers) and providing Conference Number 10095108. The call will also be archived on the Company's website in the Investor Relations section under the Events Calendar link.

About Silver Bay Realty Trust Corp.

Silver Bay Realty Trust Corp. is an internally managed Maryland corporation focused on the acquisition, renovation, leasing and management of single-family properties for rental income and long-term capital appreciation. Silver Bay owns single-family properties in Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Nevada, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina and Texas. Silver Bay has elected to be taxed as a REIT for U.S. federal tax purposes.

Notice Regarding Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to the Company's net loss which is presented in accordance with GAAP, the Company also presents certain supplemental non-GAAP performance measures. These measures are not to be considered more relevant or accurate than the performance measures presented in accordance with GAAP. In compliance with applicable rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"), the Company's non-GAAP measures are reconciled to net loss, the most directly comparable GAAP performance measure, as further set forth in the definitions and reconciliations of financial and operating measures included in the unaudited supplemental financial and operating data. As with other non-GAAP performance measures, neither the SEC nor any other regulatory body has passed judgment on these non-GAAP performance measures. NOI, Core NOI Margin, FFO and Core FFO are non-GAAP financial measures the Company believes, when considered with the financial statements determined in accordance with GAAP, are helpful to investors in understanding its performance as a REIT.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release and related conference call contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements relate to expectations, beliefs, projections, future plans and strategies, anticipated events or trends and similar expressions concerning matters that are not historical facts. In some cases, readers can identify forward-looking statements by the use of forward-looking terminology such as "may," "will," "should," "expects," "intends," "plans," "anticipates," "believes," "estimates," "predicts," or "potential" or the negative of these words and phrases or similar words or phrases which are predictions of or indicate future events or trends and which do not relate solely to historical matters. Readers can also identify forward-looking statements by discussions of strategy, plans or intentions. Examples of forward-looking statements include statements about: Silver Bay's projected financial and operating results; Silver Bay's ability to lease and operate acquired properties and to improve its operating performance, including Silver Bay's abilities and projections related to turnover rates and time frames, operating costs, rent increases, and occupancy rates; intentions related to asset sales, including pricing, volume and identity of such assets; Silver Bay's intentions related to its capital allocation strategy, including through the use of share repurchases and acquisitions; expectations of portfolio size; the impact of seasonality on Silver Bay's results; estimates relating to Silver Bay's ability to make distributions to its stockholders in the future; market trends in Silver Bay's industry, such homeownership rates and the impact of such trends on its operations; future real estate values and prices; and the general economy and its impact on Silver Bay's results.

The forward-looking statements contained in this press release and related conference call reflect Silver Bay's current views about future events and are subject to numerous known and unknown risks, uncertainties, assumptions and changes in circumstances that may cause Silver Bay's actual results to differ significantly from those expressed or implied in any forward-looking statement. Silver Bay is not able to predict all of the factors that may affect future results. Readers should not rely on any of these forward-looking statements. They are neither statements of historical fact nor guarantees or assurances of future performance. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include national, international, regional or local economic, business, competitive, market and regulatory conditions and the following: those factors described in the discussion on risk factors in Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors" in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 and Part I, Item 2 "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and Part I, Item 3 "Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk" in the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and other risks and uncertainties detailed in Silver Bay's other reports and filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"); defaults on, early terminations of or non-renewal of leases by residents; resident turnover or turnover costs; Silver Bay's ability to maintain occupancy levels and leasing traffic or to attract and retain qualified residents in light of increased competition in the leasing market for quality residents, the relatively short duration of leases, inadequate marketing, reputational damage or other reasons; Silver Bay's ability to control or reduce operating expenses, including repairs and maintenance expense and other costs such as real estate taxes, homeowners' association fees, insurance and other costs outside the Company's control for reasons including damage to properties due to storms, other natural causes or residents and other reasons; Silver Bay's ability to successfully operate its properties; Silver Bay's ability to maintain rents at levels that are sufficient to keep pace with rising costs of operations; Silver Bay's ability to dispose of assets at attractive pricing levels; the amount of capital available for share repurchases and other purposes; Silver Bay's ability to implement and manage its service technician initiatives or the impact of such initiatives to reduce maintenance, turnover and other expenses as predicted; Silver Bay's ability to obtain financing arrangements; Silver Bay's failure to meet the conditions to draw under the revolving credit facility; the Company's ability to perform under the covenants of its revolving credit facility and securitization loan; general volatility of the markets in which it participates; interest rates and the market value of Silver Bay's assets; the impact of changes in governmental regulations, tax law and rates, and similar matters; difficulties in identifying properties to acquire and completing acquisitions; increased time and/or expense to gain possession and renovate properties; Silver Bay's dependence on key personnel to carry its business and investment strategies and its ability to hire and retain skilled managerial, investment, financial, and operational personnel, and the performance of third-party vendors and service providers, including third party management professionals, maintenance providers, leasing agents, and property managers; and Silver Bay's ability to remain qualified as a REIT.

The forward-looking statements in this press release and related conference call represent Silver Bay's views as of the date of this press release. Subsequent events and developments could cause these views to change. However, while Silver Bay may elect to update these forward-looking statements at some point in the future, Silver Bay has no current intention of doing so except to the extent required by applicable laws. Readers should, therefore, not rely on these forward-looking statements as representing Silver Bay's views as of any date subsequent to the date of this press release. All subsequent written and oral forward looking statements concerning Silver Bay or matters attributable to Silver Bay or any person acting on its behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements above.

Additional Information

Stockholders of Silver Bay, and other interested persons, may find additional information regarding the Company at the SEC's website at www.sec.gov or by directing requests to: Silver Bay Realty Trust Corp., Attn: Investor Relations, 3300 Fernbrook Lane North, Suite 210, Plymouth, MN 55447, telephone (952) 358-4400.
         

SILVER BAY REALTY TRUST CORP.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS EXCEPT SHARE DATA)
 

September 30, 2016 (Unaudited)

December 31, 2015
Assets
Investments in real estate:
Land and land improvements $ 213,978 $ 220,110
Building and improvements 975,967   989,574  
1,189,945 1,209,684
Accumulated depreciation (99,386 ) (74,907 )
Investments in real estate, net 1,090,559 1,134,777
Assets held for sale 18,473 11,184
Cash 37,320 29,028
Escrow deposits 65,590 15,472
Resident security deposits 12,784 12,521
Other assets 8,197   13,298  
Total assets $ 1,232,923   $ 1,216,280  
 
Liabilities and Equity
Liabilities:
Revolving credit facility $ 364,130 $ 326,472
Securitization loan, net 296,754 295,741
Accounts payable and accrued expenses 24,687 16,752
Resident prepaid rent and security deposits 14,561   14,462  
Total liabilities 700,132   653,427  

10% cumulative redeemable preferred stock at liquidation value, $0.01 par;50,000,000 shares authorized, 1,000 shares issued and outstanding
1,000 1,000
Equity:
Stockholders' equity:

Common stock $0.01 par; 450,000,000 shares authorized; 35,380,133 and36,063,187, respectively, shares issued and outstanding
352 359
Additional paid-in capital 643,011 651,987
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (1,646 ) (1,613 )
Cumulative deficit (141,477 ) (121,620 )
Total stockholders' equity 500,240 529,113
Noncontrolling interests - Operating Partnership 31,551   32,740  
Total equity 531,791   561,853  
Total liabilities and equity $ 1,232,923   $ 1,216,280  
 
         

SILVER BAY REALTY TRUST CORP.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS EXCEPT SHARE DATA)

(UNAUDITED)
 

Three Months Ended September 30,

Nine Months Ended September 30,
2016     2015 2016     2015
Revenue:
Rental income $ 30,750 $ 29,919 $ 91,895 $ 81,184
Other income 811   698   2,290   1,869  
Total revenue 31,561 30,617 94,185 83,053
Expenses:
Property operating and maintenance 6,262 6,529 17,875 16,479
Real estate taxes 4,563 3,918 13,493 11,864
Homeowners' association fees 410 512 1,258 1,465
Property management 2,778 3,167 8,291 8,262
Depreciation and amortization 9,243 9,068 27,938 25,074
Portfolio acquisition expense 123 66 123 2,046
General and administrative 3,514 3,925 11,104 11,924
Share-based compensation 661 718 2,009 1,895
Severance and other 310 1,977
Interest expense 6,589   5,959   19,093   15,307  
Total expenses 34,453   33,862   103,161   94,316  
Loss before other income, income taxes and non-controlling interests (2,892 ) (3,245 ) (8,976 ) (11,263 )
Other income:
Net gain on disposition of real estate 2,417 2,089 6,158 2,320
Adjustments for derivative instruments, net (120 ) (120 )
Other expense (646 ) (223 ) (1,436 ) (64 )
Total other income 1,651   1,866   4,602   2,256  
Loss before income taxes and non-controlling interests (1,241 ) (1,379 ) (4,374 ) (9,007 )
Income tax expense, net (424 ) (48 ) (1,102 ) (147 )
Net loss (1,665 ) (1,427 ) (5,476 ) (9,154 )
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests - Operating Partnership 98   84   321   531  
Net loss attributable to controlling interests (1,567 ) (1,343 ) (5,155 ) (8,623 )
Preferred stock distributions (25 ) (25 ) (75 ) (75 )
Net loss attributable to common stockholders $ (1,592 ) $ (1,368 ) $ (5,230 ) $ (8,698 )
Loss per share - basic and diluted:
Net loss attributable to common shares $ (0.05 ) $ (0.04 ) $ (0.15 ) $ (0.24 )
Weighted average common shares outstanding 35,385,138   36,071,146   35,617,262   36,257,449  
 
Comprehensive Loss:
Net loss $ (1,665 ) $ (1,427 ) $ (5,476 ) $ (9,154 )
Other comprehensive loss:
Net change in fair value of cash flow hedges 357 (1,014 ) (281 ) (1,503 )

Losses reclassified into earnings from other comprehensiveincome (loss)
167     248    
Other comprehensive income (loss) 524   (1,014 ) (33 ) (1,503 )
Comprehensive loss (1,141 ) (2,441 ) (5,509 ) (10,657 )

Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests-Operating Partnership
68   84   327   531  
Comprehensive loss attributable to controlling interests $ (1,073 ) $ (2,357 ) $ (5,182 ) $ (10,126 )
 
                         

SILVER BAY REALTY TRUST CORP.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

FOR THE NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2016

(AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS EXCEPT SHARE DATA)

(UNAUDITED)
 
Common Stock
Shares    

Par Value

Amount
   

Additional

Paid-In

Capital

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

Cumulative

Deficit

Total

Stockholders'

Equity

Noncontrolling

Interests -

Operating

Partnership

Total

Equity
Balance at January 1, 2016 36,063,187 $ 359 $ 651,987 $ (1,613 ) $ (121,620 ) $ 529,113 $ 32,740 $ 561,853
Non-cash equity awards, net 132,089 1 1,939 1,940 1,940
Repurchase and retirement of common stock (815,143 ) (8 ) (11,783 ) (11,791 ) (11,791 )
Dividends declared (14,702 ) (14,702 ) (14,702 )
Net loss (5,155 ) (5,155 ) (321 ) (5,476 )
Net change in fair value of cash flow hedges (281 ) (281 ) (281 )

Losses reclassified into earnings from othercomprehensive loss
248 248 248

Adjustment to noncontrolling interests - OperatingPartnership
    868       868   (868 )  
Balance at September 30, 2016 35,380,133   $ 352   $ 643,011   $ (1,646 ) $ (141,477 ) $ 500,240   $ 31,551   $ 531,791  
 
     

SILVER BAY REALTY TRUST CORP.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

(UNAUDITED)
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
2016     2015
Cash Flows From Operating Activities:
Net loss $ (5,476 ) $ (9,154 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 27,938 25,074
Non-cash share-based compensation 1,940 1,826
Losses reclassified into earnings from other comprehensive loss 248
Amortization and write-off of deferred financing costs 3,456 3,341
Amortization of discount on securitization loan 225 225
Net gain on disposition of real estate (6,158 ) (2,320 )
Other 1,633 1,129
Net change in assets and liabilities:
Increase in escrow cash for operating activities and debt reserves (8,675 ) (3,776 )
Decrease (increase) in other assets 193 (3,733 )
Increase in accounts payable, accrued expenses, and prepaid rent 8,911   10,459  
Net cash provided by operating activities 24,235   23,071  
Cash Flows From Investing Activities:
Purchase of investments in real estate (1,632 ) (272,679 )
Capital improvements of investments in real estate (11,596 ) (20,698 )
(Increase) decrease in escrow cash for investing activities (39,667 ) 959
Proceeds from disposition of real estate 28,711 21,063
Other   (43 )
Net cash used in investing activities (24,184 ) (271,398 )
Cash Flows From Financing Activities:
Payments on securitization loan (910 ) (6,866 )
Proceeds from revolving credit facility 47,819 281,963
Payments on revolving credit facility (10,161 ) (4,805 )
Deferred financing costs paid (122 ) (5,783 )
Purchase of interest rate cap agreements (30 ) (2,250 )
Change in interest rate swap collateral (1,776 )
Repurchase and retirement of common stock (11,791 ) (12,326 )
Dividends paid (14,788 ) (10,434 )
Net cash provided by financing activities 8,241   239,499  
Net change in cash 8,292 (8,828 )
Cash at beginning of period 29,028   49,854  
Cash at end of period $ 37,320   $ 41,026  
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Decrease in fair value of cash flow hedges $ 281   $ 1,503  
Noncash investing and financing activities:
Common stock and unit dividends declared, but not paid $ 4,869   $ 4,572  
Capital improvements in accounts payable $ 307   $ 1,058  
 
                 

SILVER BAY REALTY TRUST CORP.

PORTFOLIO SUMMARY OF SINGLE-FAMILY PROPERTIES

AS OF SEPTEMBER 30, 2016
 
Market

Number of Properties

Aggregate Investment in Real Estate

(in thousands)

Average Investment in Real Estate Per Property

Average Age (in years) (1)

Average Square Footage
Atlanta 2,694 $ 319,222 $ 118,494 21.9 1,804
Phoenix 1,424 203,778 143,103 27.2 1,636
Tampa 1,111 160,614 144,567 27.6 1,625
Charlotte (2) 689 85,966 124,769 15.6 1,644
Dallas 504 68,006 134,933 24.0 1,617
Orlando 491 66,368 135,169 28.4 1,501
Jacksonville 451 59,649 132,259 27.4 1,536
Northern CA (3) 382 73,202 191,628 47.4 1,399
Southeast FL (4) 308 60,785 197,354 45.0 1,470
Las Vegas 290 41,373 142,666 19.7 1,717
Columbus 284 33,329 117,356 38.7 1,414
Tucson 209 17,653 84,464 43.0 1,330
Totals 8,837 $ 1,189,945 $ 134,655 26.6 1,645
 
(1)     As of September 30, 2016, approximately 4% of the Company's properties were less than 10 years old, 38% were between 10 and 20 years old, 19% were between 20 and 30 years old, 19% were between 30 and 40 years old, 10% were between 40 and 50 years old, and 10% were more than 50 years old. Average age is an annual calculation.
(2) Charlotte market includes properties in South Carolina due to their proximity to Charlotte, North Carolina.
(3) Northern California market currently consists of Contra Costa, Napa and Solano counties.
(4) Southeast Florida market currently consists of Miami-Dade, Broward and Palm Beach counties.
 
         

SILVER BAY REALTY TRUST CORP.

FINANCIAL AND OPERATING RESULTS OF AGGREGATE PORTFOLIO

(AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS EXCEPT PROPERTY AND PER HOME DATA)
 

The following table summarizes the Company's aggregate portfolio financial results for the three and nine months endedSeptember 30, 2016 and 2015:
 
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2016     2015 2016     2015
Total revenue $ 31,561 $ 30,617 $ 94,185 $ 83,053
Property operating expenses:
Property operating and maintenance 6,262 6,529 17,875 16,479
Real estate taxes 4,563 3,918 13,493 11,864
Homeowners' association fees 410 512 1,258 1,465
Property management 2,778   3,167   8,291   8,262  
Total property operating expenses $ 14,013   $ 14,126   $ 40,917   $ 38,070  
NOI $ 17,548 $ 16,497 $ 53,268 $ 45,152
Core NOI Margin 56.1 % 54.7 % 57.0 % 55.0 %
Turnover 8.1 % 8.2 % 22.9 % 21.0 %
Stabilized capital expenditures $ 1,791 $ 2,380 $ 5,978 $ 5,647
Stabilized capital expenditure per home $ 203 $ 262 $ 676 $ 622
 
                 

The following table summarizes the occupancy status of the Company's properties as of September 30, 2016:
 
Market

Number of Properties

Properties Occupied

Properties Vacant

Aggregate Portfolio Occupancy Rate

Average Monthly Rent
Atlanta 2,694 2,593 101 96.3 % $ 1,100
Phoenix 1,424 1,382 42 97.1 % 1,133
Tampa 1,111 1,075 36 96.8 % 1,338
Charlotte 689 663 26 96.2 % 1,106
Dallas 504 487 17 96.6 % 1,329
Orlando 491 480 11 97.8 % 1,209
Jacksonville 451 439 12 97.3 % 1,164
Northern CA 382 376 6 98.4 % 1,704
Southeast FL 308 292 16 94.8 % 1,673
Las Vegas 290 286 4 98.6 % 1,223
Columbus 284 272 12 95.8 % 1,086
Tucson 209   205   4   98.1 % 854
Totals 8,837   8,550   287   96.8 % $ 1,202
 
         

SILVER BAY REALTY TRUST CORP.

FINANCIAL AND OPERATING RESULTS OF SAME-HOME PORTFOLIO

(AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS EXCEPT PROPERTY AND PER HOME DATA)
 

The following table summarizes the Company's Same-Home portfolio financial results of 5,876 properties for the three andnine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015:
 
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2016     2015 2016     2015
Same-Home total revenue $ 21,931 $ 20,809 $ 65,050 $ 61,660
Same-Home property operating expenses:
Property operating and maintenance 4,546 4,687 12,828 12,475
Real estate taxes 3,191 2,518 9,406 8,618
Homeowners' association fees 311 399 975 1,210
Property management 1,897   2,114   5,666   6,092  
Same-Home property operating expenses 9,945   9,718   28,875   28,395  
Same-Home NOI $ 11,986   $ 11,091   $ 36,175   $ 33,265  
Same-Home Core NOI Margin 55.2 % 54.0 % 56.1 % 54.6 %
 
     

The following table summarizes the Company's Same-Home portfolio financial results, by quarter, for the trailing five quartersended September 30, 2016:
 
Three Months Ended

September 30, 2016
   

June 30, 2016
   

March 31, 2016
   

December 31, 2015
   

September 30, 2015
Same-Home total revenue $ 21,931 $ 21,758 $ 21,361 $ 20,873 $ 20,809
Same-Home property operating expenses:
Property operating and maintenance 4,546 4,047 4,235 4,202 4,687
Real estate taxes 3,191 3,120 3,095 2,812 2,518
Homeowners' association fees 311 328 336 353 399
Property management 1,897   1,887   1,882   1,898   2,114  
Same-Home property operating expenses 9,945   9,382   9,548   9,265   9,718  
Same-Home NOI $ 11,986   $ 12,376   $ 11,813   $ 11,608   $ 11,091  
Same-Home Core NOI Margin 55.2 % 57.2 % 55.8 % 56.4 % 54.0 %
Same-Home turnover 8.2 % 7.5 % 6.4 % 7.2 % 8.7 %
Days from move-out to move-in

 

34

 

38

 

53

 

55

 

48
Same-Home capital expenditures $ 1,347 $ 1,646 $ 1,428 $ 1,824 $ 1,576
Same-Home capital expenditures per home $ 229 $ 280 $ 243 $ 310 $ 268
 
             

SILVER BAY REALTY TRUST CORP.

FINANCIAL AND OPERATING RESULTS OF SAME-HOME PORTFOLIO

(AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS EXCEPT PROPERTY AND PER HOME DATA)
 

The following table summarizes the occupancy status of the Company's Same-Home portfolio as of September 30, 2016 and2015:
 
Aggregate Occupancy Rate Average Monthly Rent

Number of Same-Home Properties

September 30, 2016
   

September 30, 2015

September 30, 2016
   

September 30, 2015
    % Change
Atlanta 1,052 96.9% 94.1% $ 1,230 $ 1,184 3.9%
Phoenix 1,424 97.1% 96.8% 1,133 1,095 3.5%
Tampa 922 96.9% 92.8% 1,367 1,317 3.8%
Charlotte 143 93.7% 93.7% 1,242 1,184 4.9%
Dallas 378 96.3% 93.9% 1,337 1,297 3.1%
Orlando 282 98.6% 98.9% 1,313 1,256 4.5%
Jacksonville 301 97.3% 98.7% 1,145 1,113 2.9%
Northern CA 382 98.4% 99.2% 1,704 1,574 8.3%
Southeast FL 209 93.8% 91.4% 1,715 1,669 2.8%
Las Vegas 290 98.6% 97.9% 1,223 1,181 3.6%
Columbus 284 95.8% 96.1% 1,086 1,066 1.9%
Tucson 209 98.1% 96.2% 854 842 1.4%
Totals 5,876 97.0% 95.6% $ 1,262 $ 1,214 4.0%
 

SILVER BAY REALTY TRUST CORP. DEFINITIONS AND RECONCILIATIONS OF FINANCIAL AND OPERATING MEASURES (AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS EXCEPT SHARE DATA)

Aggregate Investment in Real Estate. Aggregate investment in real estate includes all capitalized costs, determined in accordance with GAAP, incurred through September 30, 2016 for the acquisition, stabilization, and significant post-stabilization renovation of properties, including land, building, possession costs and renovation costs. Aggregate investment in real estate includes $20.2 million in capital improvements, incurred from the Company's formation through September 30, 2016, made to properties that had been previously renovated, but does not include accumulated depreciation.

Average Monthly Rent. Average monthly rent is calculated as the average of the contracted monthly rent for occupied properties for an identified population as of period end and reflects rent concessions amortized over the life of the related lease.

Core Net Operating Income Margin ("Core NOI Margin"). During the second quarter of 2016, the Company introduced Core NOI Margin to conform with industry practice. Previously, the Company reported NOI margin. Core NOI Margin is calculated by dividing net operating income by core revenue, which eliminates the impact of bad debt expense from both total revenue and property operating expenses.

Core Revenue. Core revenue is calculated by subtracting bad debt expense from total revenue.

Days from Move-Out to Move-In. Days from move-out to move-in represents the number of days from past resident move out date until a new resident moves into the same property.

Funds From Operations and Core Funds From Operations. Funds from operations ("FFO") is a non-GAAP financial measure that the Company believes, when considered with the financial statements determined in accordance with GAAP, is helpful to investors in understanding its performance because it captures features particular to real estate performance by recognizing that real estate generally appreciates over time or maintains residual value to a much greater extent than do other depreciable assets. The National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("NAREIT") defines FFO as net income (loss), computed in accordance with GAAP, excluding gains or losses from sales of, and impairment losses recognized with respect to, depreciable property, plus depreciation and amortization, and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. Adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures are calculated on the same basis to determine FFO.

Core funds from operations ("Core FFO") is a non-GAAP financial measure that the Company uses as a supplemental measure of its performance. The Company believes that Core FFO is further helpful to investors as it provides a more consistent measurement of its performance across reporting periods by removing the impact of certain items that are not comparable from period to period. The Company adjusts FFO for expensed acquisition fees and costs, share-based compensation, severance and other, adjustments for derivative instruments, net, income tax expense on the disposition of real estate, and certain other non-cash or non-comparable costs to arrive at Core FFO.

FFO and Core FFO should not be considered alternatives to net income (loss) or net cash flows from operating activities, as determined in accordance with GAAP, as indications of the Company's performance or as measures of liquidity. These non-GAAP measures are not necessarily indicative of cash available to fund future cash needs. In addition, although the Company uses these non-GAAP measures for comparability in assessing its performance against other REITs, not all REITs compute these non-GAAP measures in the same manner. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that the Company's basis for computing these non-GAAP measures is comparable with that of other REITs. This is due in part to the differences in capitalization policies used by different companies and the significant effect these capitalization policies have on FFO and Core FFO. Real estate costs incurred in connection with real estate operations which are accounted for as capital improvements are added to the carrying value of the property and depreciated over time, whereas real estate costs that are expenses are accounted for as a current period expense. This impacts FFO and Core FFO because costs that are accounted for as expenses reduce FFO and Core FFO. Conversely, real estate costs associated with assets that are capitalized and then subsequently depreciated are excluded from the calculation of FFO and Core FFO.

FFO and Core FFO are calculated on a gross basis and, as such, do not reflect adjustments for the noncontrolling interests - Operating Partnership.

The following table sets forth a reconciliation of the Company's net loss as determined in accordance with GAAP and its calculations of FFO and Core FFO for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015. Also presented is information regarding the computation of FFO per share and Core FFO per share (amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts):
     

Three Months Ended September 30,
   

Nine Months Ended September 30,
2016     2015 2016     2015
Net loss $ (1,665 ) $ (1,427 ) $ (5,476 ) $ (9,154 )
Depreciation and amortization 9,243 9,068 27,938 25,074
Net gain on disposition of real estate (2,417 ) (2,089 ) (6,158 ) (2,320 )
Other expense (income) 255   14   504   (239 )
Funds from operations 5,416 5,566 16,808 13,361
Adjustments:
Portfolio acquisition expense (1) 123 66 123 2,046
Share-based compensation 661 718 2,009 1,895
Severance and other 310 1,977
Market ready costs prior to initial lease and other 6 169
Write-off of deferred financing fees 31
Adjustments for derivative instruments, net 120 120
Amortization of discount on securitization loan 75 75 225 225
Income tax expense on disposition of real estate 333 815
Other expense (2) 26   1   26   114  
Core funds from operations $ 7,064   $ 6,432   $ 22,103   $ 17,841  
 
FFO $ 5,416 $ 5,566 $ 16,808 $ 13,361
Preferred stock distributions (25 ) (25 ) (75 ) (75 )
FFO available to common shares and units $ 5,391   $ 5,541   $ 16,733   $ 13,286  
 
Core FFO $ 7,064 $ 6,432 $ 22,103 $ 17,841
Preferred stock distributions (25 ) (25 ) (75 ) (75 )
Core FFO available to common shares and units $ 7,039   $ 6,407   $ 22,028   $ 17,766  
 
Weighted average common shares and units outstanding (3)(4) 37,870,450   38,302,657   37,937,260   38,488,960  
FFO per share $ 0.14   $ 0.14   $ 0.44   $ 0.35  
Core FFO per share $ 0.19   $ 0.17   $ 0.58   $ 0.46  
 
(1)   Portfolio acquisition expense represents transaction costs incurred when acquiring properties that meet the definition of a business under the guidance codified in Codification Topic, Business Combinations ("ASC 805"), which must be expensed when incurred rather than capitalized into the basis of each property.
(2) Non-comparable costs from prior periods.
(3) Represents the weighted average of common shares and common units in the Operating Partnership outstanding for the periods presented.
(4) Includes the effect of dilutive securities attributable to certain stock based awards meeting market conditions during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016.
 

FFO per share and Core FFO per share. FFO and Core FFO shares represents FFO and Core FFO divided by the weighted average of common shares and common units in the Operating Partnership for the periods presented and the effect of dilutive securities attributable to certain performance-based stock awards during periods when the performance conditions required under such performance awards are on pace to be achieved.

Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP"). GAAP is defined in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.

Net Operating Income and Same-Home Net Operating Income. The Company defines net operating income ("NOI") as total revenue less property operating and maintenance, real estate taxes, homeowners' association fees, and property management expenses. NOI excludes depreciation and amortization, portfolio acquisition expense, general and administrative expenses, share-based compensation, severance and other, interest expense, net gain on disposition of real estate, adjustments for derivative instruments, net, income tax expense, net and other non-comparable items as applicable. The Company considers NOI to be a meaningful financial measure when considered with the financial statements determined in accordance with GAAP. The Company believes NOI is helpful to investors in understanding the core performance of its real estate operations without regard to items excluded from the calculation of such measure, which can vary substantially from company to company depending upon accounting methods, book value of assets, capital structure and the method by which assets were acquired, among other factors.

The Company believes Same-Home NOI is a useful measure of performance because the population of properties in this analysis is consistent from period to period, thereby eliminating the effects of changes in the composition of the portfolio.

The following is a reconciliation of NOI and Same-Home NOI to net loss as determined in accordance with GAAP for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 (amounts in thousands):

     
Nine Months Ended September 30,
2016     2015
Net loss $ (5,476 ) $ (9,154 )
Depreciation and amortization 27,938 25,074
Portfolio acquisition expense 123 2,046
General and administrative 11,104 11,924
Share-based compensation 2,009 1,895
Severance and other 1,977
Interest expense 19,093 15,307
Net gain on disposition of real estate (6,158 ) (2,320 )
Adjustments for derivative instruments, net 120
Other expense 1,436 64
Income tax expense, net 1,102 147
Property operating and maintenance add back:
Market ready costs prior to initial lease and other   169  
NOI 53,268 45,152
Less non-Same-Home
Total revenue (29,135 ) (21,393 )
Property operating expenses 12,042   9,506  
Same-Home NOI $ 36,175   $ 33,265  
 
Calculation of aggregate Core NOI Margin
Total revenue $ 94,185 $ 83,053
Less bad debt expense (674 ) (1,021 )
Core Revenue 93,511   82,032  
Core NOI Margin 57.0 % 55.0 %
 
Calculation of Same-Home Core NOI Margin
Same-Home total revenue $ 65,050 $ 61,660
Less Same-Home bad debt expense (557 ) (713 )
Same-Home Core Revenue $ 64,493   $ 60,947  
Same-Home Core NOI Margin 56.1 % 54.6 %
 

The following is a reconciliation of NOI and Same-Home NOI to net loss as determined in accordance with GAAP, by quarter, for the trailing five quarters ended September 30, 2016 (amounts in thousands):
     
Three Months Ended

September 30, 2016
   

June 30, 2016
   

March 31, 2016
   

December 31, 2015
   

September 30, 2015
Net loss $ (1,665 ) $ (222 ) $ (3,589 ) $ (798 ) $ (1,427 )
Depreciation and amortization 9,243 9,329 9,366 10,115 9,068
Portfolio acquisition expense 123 18 66
General and administrative 3,514 3,737 3,853 3,991 3,925
Share-based compensation 661 776 572 718 718
Severance and other 310 1,667
Interest expense 6,589 6,292 6,212 5,968 5,959
Net gain on disposition of real estate (2,417 ) (2,456 ) (1,285 ) (1,724 ) (2,089 )
Adjustments for derivative instruments, net 120 51
Other expense 646 460 330 319 223
Income tax expense (benefit), net 424 211 467 (905 ) 48
Property operating and maintenance add back:

Market ready costs prior to initial lease andother
        6  
NOI 17,548 18,127 17,593 17,753 16,497
Less non-Same-Home
Total revenue (9,630 ) (9,730 ) (9,775 ) (9,768 ) (9,808 )
Property operating expenses 4,068   3,979   3,995   3,623   4,402  
Same-Home NOI $ 11,986   $ 12,376   $ 11,813   $ 11,608   $ 11,091  
 
Calculation of aggregate Core NOI Margin
Total revenue $ 31,561 $ 31,488 $ 31,136 $ 30,641 $ 30,617
Less bad debt expense (269 ) (132 ) (273 ) (405 ) (450 )
Core Revenue $ 31,292   $ 31,356   $ 30,863   $ 30,236   $ 30,167  
Core NOI Margin 56.1 % 57.8 % 57.0 % 58.7 % 54.7 %
 
Calculation of Same-Home Core NOI Margin
Same-Home total revenue $ 21,931 $ 21,758 $ 21,361 $ 20,873 $ 20,809
Less Same-Home bad debt expense (235 ) (118 ) (204 ) (285 ) (265 )
Same-Home Core Revenue $ 21,696   $ 21,640   $ 21,157   $ 20,588   $ 20,544  
Same-Home Core NOI Margin 55.2 % 57.2 % 55.8 % 56.4 % 54.0 %
 

Neither NOI nor Same-Home NOI should be considered an alternative to net loss or net cash flows from operating activities, as determined in accordance with GAAP, as indications of its performance or as measures of liquidity. Although the Company uses these non-GAAP measures for comparability in assessing its performance against other REITs, not all REITs compute these non-GAAP measures in the same manner. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that the basis for computing these non-GAAP measures is comparable with that of other REITs.

Occupancy. Occupancy is defined as the number of occupied properties for an identified population as of the last day of the period divided by the comparative property set.

Retention Rate. Retention rate refers to the number of residents we retain from an identified group of properties with lease expirations (including month-to-month leases) in a specified period. Retention rate is calculated by dividing the number of residents in such an identified pool that remain in our properties by the total number of properties in such pool.

Same-Home Properties. The Company defines Same-Home properties as those properties (1) that it had stabilized and for which it had completed the initial renovation as of January 1, 2015 and (2) that it held in operations throughout the full periods presented in both 2015 and 2016. Same-Home properties exclude properties classified as held for sale and properties taken out of service as a result of a casualty loss.

Stabilized Property. The Company considers a property stabilized at the earlier of (1) its first authorized occupancy or (2) 90 days after the renovations for such property are complete, regardless of whether the property is leased. Properties acquired with in-place leases are considered stabilized even though such properties require a future initial renovation to meet the Company's standards and may have existing residents who would not otherwise meet the resident screening requirements.

Total Properties. Total properties exclude properties reflected as assets held for sale on the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets and any properties previously acquired in purchases that have been subsequently rescinded or vacated.

Turnover Rate. Turnover rate is defined as the number of instances that properties in an identified pool become un-occupied over a specific period of time, divided by the number of properties in stabilized status in such identified population.

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