Eurozone PMI Points to Fourth-Quarter Growth Pickup

A forward-looking gauge of the eurozone manufacturing sector jumped more than expected at the start of the fourth quarter thanks to an unexpectedly strong turnout from Spain and fast growth in the Netherlands.

Markit said on Wednesday that its eurozone manufacturing sector PMI rose to a 33-month high of 53.5 in October, above its initial 53.3 forecast and up from 52.6 in September. Any reading over 50 denotes economic expansion.

The rise came despite a tweak downwards in the German manufacturing PMI after the Spanish index, for which Markit doesn't release a preliminary estimate, rose more than expected to a four-month high of 53.3 from 52.3. The corresponding Italian PMI unexpectedly slowed to 50.9 from 51.0, however, compared with forecasts for a 51.4 reading, with the survey revealing weak order-book growth though rising manufacturing employment. Markit pegged the Netherlands as the top eurozone performer.

Markit's final October German manufacturing PMI was 55,  a 33-month high despite being 0.1 point lower than its initial estimate. The German index revealed the strongest pace of job creation for five years and corresponding figures for October from the Federal Labor Office backed that finding. The Labor Office reported on Wednesday that the German unemployment rate unexpectedly declined to a post-reunification low of 6.0% from 6.1%, as jobless rolls shrank by 13,000.

The indicators, taken together, represent an encouraging start to the fourth quarter after news on Monday that eurozone economic growth stagnated in the third quarter, as expected, at 0.3%. On Friday Spain's domestic statistics office said the Spanish economy had expanded by 0.7% in the third quarter, compared with just 0.2% growth for France. Germany has yet to give its own third-quarter growth figures.

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