(NYSE: HW) HEADWATERS INCORPORATED, a building products company dedicated to improving lives through innovative advancements in construction materials, today announced results for its fourth quarter and fiscal year ended September 30, 2016.

Fourth Quarter 2016 Highlights
  • Revenue increased 7% to $291.6 million
  • Income from continuing operations before income taxes of $25.2 million and Adjusted EBITDA of $66.3 million
  • Building products Adjusted EBITDA margin of 21.5%
  • Construction materials Adjusted EBITDA margin of 28.5%
  • Completed the acquisition of Krestmark Industries, LP, a leading manufacturer of vinyl windows in South Central U.S.
  • Redeemed the remaining balance of our unsecured 7¼% senior debt

CEO Commentary

"We are pleased with our fiscal year performance, increasing Adjusted EBITDA by over 14%, and finishing well into our guidance range," said Kirk A. Benson, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Headwaters. "In addition, our fiscal year Adjusted EBITDA margin expanded by 100 basis points to 19.5%, exceeding our 2006 peak by 160 basis points. Anticipating both top line growth and further margin expansion in 2017, we expect Adjusted EBITDA growth to be between 24% and 32%, resulting in 2017 guidance in the range of $235 million to $250 million.

"The newly acquired Krestmark windows product group represents approximately half of our total projected growth in 2017 and requires only a modest expansion of its existing operations to reach its 2017 objectives. Accordingly, the full year effect of the revenue and Adjusted EBITDA contribution from Krestmark significantly reduces the risk related to Headwaters' projected 2017 growth. In addition, we believe the incremental windows Adjusted EBITDA should lead to overall consolidated margin expansion.

"We anticipate a range of mid-single to double digit top-line growth in our legacy product groups, primarily through sales of increased volumes of fly ash and building products. Combined with our continuous improvement efficiency gains, our top-line growth should drive overall Adjusted EBITDA margin expansion in 2017."

Fourth Quarter Summary

Headwaters' fourth quarter 2016 consolidated revenue increased by 7% to $291.6 million from $272.7 million for the fourth quarter of 2015. Gross profit was $85.5 million, including $7.2 million in non-routine costs, compared to $90.3 million in 2015, and operating income was $37.6 million, including $9.4 million in non-routine costs, compared to $41.4 million in 2015. The non-routine costs included in gross profit and operating income were due primarily to acquisition-related costs, including the consolidation of acquired businesses, and business line adjustments. The integration of our 2016 acquisitions is nearly complete, and in 2017 we do not anticipate further material acquisition or integration related costs. Adjusted EBITDA increased by $7.4 million to $66.3 million, or 13% over 2015.

Income from continuing operations was $16.6 million, or $0.21 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2016, compared to $126.9 million, or $1.68 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2015, with the decrease primarily due to a normalized income tax expense in 2016 and the release of deferred tax asset valuation allowances in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015. Fourth quarter adjusted income from continuing operations was $28.7 million, or $0.38 per diluted share in 2016, compared to $24.6 million, or $0.33 per diluted share in 2015, representing increases of approximately 15% year-over-year. Discontinued operations were immaterial in both 2015 and 2016.

Year Ended September 30, 2016

Our total revenue for the year ended September 30, 2016 was $974.8 million, up 9% from $895.3 million for 2015. Gross profit increased 7%, from $269.9 million in 2015 to $288.2 million in 2016. Operating income of $102.1 million in 2015 improved by 8%, to $110.7 million in 2016. Income from continuing operations was $49.6 million, or $0.64 per diluted share, for 2016, compared to $132.1 million, or $1.74 per diluted share, for 2015, with the decrease primarily due to a normalized income tax expense in 2016 compared to a significant income tax benefit in 2015 due to the release of deferred tax asset valuation allowances.

Net interest expense decreased from $64.2 million in 2015 to $42.4 million in 2016. Net interest expense included approximately $24.8 million of incremental interest expense related to early debt repayments in 2015, and approximately $10.1 million of non-routine expense related to early debt repayments and other debt transactions in 2016. Other income in 2016 includes gains on certain assets acquired in 2016 transactions. Discontinued operations were immaterial in both 2015 and 2016.

Adjusted EBITDA increased by $24.0 million or 14%, from $165.6 million to $189.6 million for the year ended September 30, 2016 as compared to 2015, and Adjusted EPS increased by 38%, from $0.72 in 2015 to $0.99 in 2016.

Year End Business Segment Highlights
                         

Business Segment
   

2016 Revenue
   

2016 Adjusted EBITDA
   

2016 Adjusted EBITDA Margin
   

2015 Adjusted EBITDA Margin
Building Products     $594.3 million     $119.4 million    

20.1%
    19.5%
Construction Materials     $370.4 million     $92.4 million     24.9%     22.8%
               
                         

Business Segment
   

2016 Operating Income
   

2015 Operating Income
   

2016 Operating Income Margin
   

2015 Operating Income Margin

Building Products
   

$65.4 million
   

$64.4 million
   

11.0%
   

12.3%

Construction Materials
   

$76.1 million
   

$65.0 million
   

20.5%
   

18.5%
 

Building Products Segment

Headwaters' building products segment is a national brand leader in innovative building products through superior design, manufacturing, and channel distribution. The segment markets a wide variety of niche building products, including siding accessories, manufactured architectural stone, concrete block, specialty roofing products, and windows.

Building products revenue increased 12%, from $151.9 million in the fourth quarter of 2015 to $170.6 million in the fourth quarter of 2016. Gross profit was $44.4 million, including $7.2 million in non-routine costs, compared to $49.2 million in 2015, and operating income was $14.9 million, including $8.9 million in non-routine costs, compared to $25.0 million in 2015. Adjusted EBITDA in the fourth quarter of 2016 increased 4% from $35.1 million in 2015 to $36.6 million.

In August 2016, we acquired the assets of Krestmark Industries, headquartered in Dallas, Texas. We believe Krestmark fits well into Headwaters' strategy of increasing sales to core customers, having a strong focus on customer service, and niche positioning that results in high margins relative to peers. Krestmark has established a track record of robust growth through existing and new customers. Its organic compounded annual growth rate for revenue over the past eight years was greater than 15%. We anticipate strong revenue growth for Krestmark in 2017, meeting or exceeding $125 million in revenue. It is anticipated that Krestmark's margins will be accretive to Headwaters' 19.5% Adjusted EBITDA margins.

Our siding accessories product group experienced nearly 20% Adjusted EBITDA growth in 2016, realizing market gains and end product strength in repair and remodel. Roofing was impacted by the consolidation of three stone coated metal manufacturing sites into one, and resulting integration inefficiencies. As we near completion of the integration project, we anticipate greater than 30% improvement in efficiency and capacity, which we believe may result in more than 500 basis point operating margin expansion in 2017. We also continue to move forward with our composite and concrete tile roofing product integrations. Beginning in the December 2016 quarter we will combine the block group with our construction materials segment, reducing 2017 building products segment revenue by approximately $125 million, but the reduction will be offset by the increase in building products segment revenue from Krestmark.

Construction Materials Segment

Headwaters is the largest domestic manager and marketer of coal combustion products (CCPs), including fly ash. Utilization of these materials improves performance of concrete and concrete construction products while creating significant environmental benefits.

Fourth quarter 2016 revenue increased by 3% to $114.9 million, compared to $111.5 million in 2015. The increase in revenue is primarily attributable to the acquisition of SynMat and a continued favorable pricing environment. Including services provided by SynMat, service revenue represented approximately 21% of total segment revenue for the fourth quarter of 2016 compared to 18% for the same period in fiscal 2015. Service revenue was 21% for all of fiscal 2015 and 22% for all of fiscal 2016.

Commencing in the December 2016 quarter, our construction materials segment will include our block product group, to reflect a change in management and operations. We have begun to integrate certain operations of our fly ash and block product group, which should result in up to $1 million in annual cost savings. The primary overlap between the two product groups is in transportation related activities and the cost savings will be generated from repair and maintenance, back hauling product, etc. In addition, we are initiating fly ash storage at our block production sites to facilitate substitution of fly ash for portland cement and other raw material substitutions.

In 2017, we forecast between 200,000 and 300,000 tons of net new fly ash sources from new contracts. We have executed one of the two new contracts that we had identified, and continue to believe that this range is reasonable.

We forecast 150,000 to 250,000 tons of new fly ash from storage and reclamation. Construction on our first storage project for 2017 has commenced and should be completed during the winter season to provide 2017 storage. A second storage site has been identified. Our first fly ash reclamation site is in the detailed engineering phase, and we should commence installation of reclamation equipment during the winter. Located on as many as 1,000 sites, the American Coal Ash Association has estimated that there is a billion tons of disposed CCPs nationwide. Of course, not all of the disposed CCPs can be recovered and used productively. We are looking at sites that may have in total more than 20 million tons of potentially usable ash. The long term impact of fly ash reclamation should be to reduce our dependence upon currently produced fly ash, and provide a reliable source of future supply.

We forecast between 100,000 and 200,000 tons of additional supply resulting from enhanced utilization. As the value of fly ash increases, it is economically feasible to use technology to enhance quality and increase utilization. We have identified eight sites for 2017 that will benefit from the application of our RestoreAir® technology. Further, we are investigating high value applications of bottom ash and other ash products throughout the United States.

Based on the progress we made in the fourth quarter of 2016, and the beginning of 2017, we reaffirm our forecast of fly ash volumes in the range of 6.1 to 6.5 million tons for 2017, a 14% to 22% increase over 2016.

Gross profit increased by 3% to $37.5 million in 2016, compared to $36.5 million in 2015, and gross margin for both periods was approximately 32.7%. Operating income increased $4.1 million, or 16%, from $24.9 million in 2015 to $29.0 million in 2016, with a 290 basis point increase in operating margin. Adjusted EBITDA increased $3.8 million from $28.9 million in 2015 to $32.7 million in 2016, or 13% and the Adjusted EBITDA margin was 28.5% in 2016, up from 25.9% in 2015.

Outlook

"Projected 2017 Adjusted EBITDA growth of between 24% to 32% provides us with an opportunity to increase free cash flow," said Don P. Newman, Headwaters' Chief Financial Officer. "We expect strong conversion of Adjusted EBITDA to free cash flow in 2017, as we effectively manage capital investments and working capital levels, and benefit from low cash taxes. We anticipate generating free cash flow of between $130 and $145 million at the midpoint of our fiscal 2017 Adjusted EBITDA guidance range, representing a cash conversion rate of between 54% and 60%.

"We closed fiscal 2016 with a net debt to Adjusted EBITDA ratio of 3.1 times on a pro forma basis, and we expect our net debt ratio to be in the range of 2.5 times by the end of fiscal 2017. We plan to reduce our gross debt by approximately $100 million in 2017."

Financial Supplement Attached

Headwaters' condensed consolidated statements of income for the quarters and years ended September 30, 2015 and 2016 and balance sheets as of September 30, 2015 and 2016, all presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), are attached to this press release in the financial supplement. In addition, Headwaters currently uses two non-GAAP financial measures: Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EPS. Headwaters' calculations of Adjusted EBITDA, trailing twelve months (TTM) Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EPS are also included in the financial supplement, following the condensed GAAP financial statements.

Headwaters defines Adjusted EBITDA as income from continuing operations plus net interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, equity-based compensation, cash-based compensation tied to stock price, goodwill and other impairments, and other non-routine adjustments that arise from time to time, all as presented in the table in the financial supplement. Headwaters currently defines Adjusted EPS as diluted EPS from continuing operations plus the effect of amortization expense related to acquired intangible assets and other non-routine adjustments that arise from time to time, as presented in the table in the financial supplement.

Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EPS are used by management, investors and analysts to measure operating performance, as a supplement to our consolidated financial statements presented in accordance with GAAP. Adjusted EBITDA is also used by management, investors and analysts as one measure of a company's ability to service its debt and meet its other cash needs. Our presentations of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EPS have limitations as analytical tools, and should not be considered in isolation, or as substitutes for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Accordingly, they are not presented as alternative measures of liquidity. Because the definitions of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EPS vary among companies and industries, our definitions of these non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similarly-titled measures used by other companies.

Conference Call

Management will host a conference call with a simultaneous web cast today at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time, 9:00 a.m. Mountain Time to discuss the Company's financial results and business outlook. The call will be available live via the Internet by accessing Headwaters' web site at www.headwaters.com and clicking on the Investor Relations section. To listen to the live broadcast, please go to the web site at least fifteen minutes early to register, download, and install any necessary audio software. There will also be corresponding slides with the webcast. For those who cannot listen to the live broadcast, an online replay will be available for 90 days on www.headwaters.com, or a phone replay will be available through November 8, 2016, by dialing 877-344-7529 or 412-317-0088 and entering the passcode 10095629.

About Headwaters Incorporated

Headwaters Incorporated is improving lives through innovative advancements in construction materials through application, design, and purpose. Headwaters is a diversified growth company providing products, technologies and services to the construction materials and building products markets. Through its construction materials and building products businesses, the Company has been able to improve sustainability by transforming underutilized resources into valuable products. www.headwaters.com

CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS RELEVANT TO FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION FOR THE PURPOSE OF "SAFE HARBOR" PROVISIONS OF THE PRIVATE SECURITIES LITIGATION REFORM ACT OF 1995

This press release contains forward-looking statements relating to Headwaters' operations that are based on management's current expectations, estimates and projections about the industries in which Headwaters operates. Words such as "may," "should," "anticipates," "expects," "intends," "plans," "targets," "forecasts," "projects," "believes," "seeks," "schedules," "estimates," "budgets," "goals," "outlook" and similar expressions are intended to help identify such forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include Headwaters' expectations as to the managing and marketing of coal combustion products, and other construction materials, the production and marketing of building products, the sales to oil refineries of residue hydrocracking catalysts, the development, commercialization, and financing of new products and other strategic business opportunities and acquisitions, and other information about Headwaters which are not purely historical by nature, including those statements regarding Headwaters' future business plans, the operation of facilities, the availability of feedstocks, and the marketability of coal combustion products, construction materials, building products and catalysts. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are beyond the Company's control and are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in such forward-looking statements. The reader should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this press release. Unless legally required, Headwaters undertakes no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Among the important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements are: changing feedstock and energy prices; actions of competitors or regulators; technological developments; potential disruption of the Company's production facilities, transportation networks and information technology systems due to war, terrorism, malicious attack, civil accidents, political events, civil unrest or severe weather; potential environmental liability or product liability under existing or future laws and litigation; potential liability resulting from other pending or future litigation; changed accounting rules under generally accepted accounting principles promulgated by rule-setting bodies; and the factors set forth under the heading "Risk Factors" in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and other periodic reports. In addition, such results could be affected by general domestic and international economic and political conditions and other unpredictable or unknown factors not discussed in this press release which could have material adverse effects on forward-looking statements.
 
HEADWATERS INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (Unaudited)
(in thousands, except per-share amounts)
 
    Quarter Ended September 30,    

Year Ended September 30,
2015     2016 2015     2016
Revenue:
Building products $ 151,873 $ 170,599 $ 523,643 $ 594,281
Construction materials 111,461 114,945 352,263 370,439
Energy technology   9,383     6,047     19,427     10,087  
Total revenue 272,717 291,591 895,333 974,807
 
Cost of revenue:
Building products 102,689 126,168 367,163 423,910
Construction materials 74,978 77,419 249,077 258,478
Energy technology   4,749     2,482     9,202     4,218  
Total cost of revenue 182,416 206,069 625,442 686,606
       
Gross profit 90,301 85,522 269,891 288,201
 
Operating expenses:
Selling, general and administrative 44,337 41,726 149,623 156,898
Amortization   4,558     6,183     18,161     20,593  
Total operating expenses 48,895 47,909 167,784 177,491
       
Operating income 41,406 37,613 102,107 110,710
 
Net interest expense (8,219 ) (16,881 ) (64,219 ) (42,424 )
Other income (expense), net (38 ) 4,437 (218 ) 4,149
       
Income from continuing operations before income taxes 33,149 25,169 37,670 72,435
 
Income tax benefit (provision) 93,698 (8,566 ) 94,458 (22,756 )
       
Income from continuing operations 126,847 16,603 132,128 49,679
 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes (73 ) 270 (460 ) 84
       
Net income 126,774 16,873 131,668 49,763
 
Net income attributable to non-controlling interest (174 ) (819 ) (869 ) (1,667 )
       
Net income attributable to Headwaters Incorporated $ 126,600   $ 16,054   $ 130,799   $ 48,096  
 
 

Basic income (loss) per share attributable to Headwaters Incorporated:
From continuing operations $ 1.72 $ 0.21 $ 1.79 $ 0.65
From discontinued operations   0.00     0.00     (0.01 )   0.00  
$ 1.72   $ 0.21   $ 1.78   $ 0.65  

Diluted income (loss) per share attributable to Headwaters Incorporated:
From continuing operations $ 1.68 $ 0.21 $ 1.74 $ 0.64
From discontinued operations   0.00     0.00     (0.01 )   0.00  
$ 1.68   $ 0.21   $ 1.73   $ 0.64  
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic   73,618     73,911     73,570     73,842  
Diluted   75,310     75,498     75,602     75,415  
 
 
Operating income (loss) by segment:
Building products $ 24,953 $ 14,857 $ 64,418 $ 65,365
Construction materials 24,894 28,986 64,984 76,099
Energy technology 1,862 1,476 731 (2,514 )
Corporate   (10,303 )   (7,706 )   (28,026 )   (28,240 )
Total $ 41,406   $ 37,613   $ 102,107   $ 110,710  
 
 
HEADWATERS INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
    September 30,
Assets: 2015     2016
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 142,597 $ 65,298
Trade receivables, net 134,384 152,084
Inventories 55,074 72,668
Other   12,156     14,704  
Total current assets 344,211 304,754
 
Property, plant and equipment, net 185,718 206,792
Goodwill 178,199 290,503
Intangible assets, net 143,718 319,162
Deferred income taxes 92,852 68,059
Other assets 34,321 49,173
   
Total assets $ 979,019   $ 1,238,443  
 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity:
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable $ 25,306 $ 30,211
Accrued liabilities 104,325 109,151
Current portion of long-term debt   4,250     7,785  
Total current liabilities 133,881 147,147
 
Long-term debt, net 558,080 746,716
Other long-term liabilities   36,776     41,230  
Total liabilities   728,737     935,093  
 
Redeemable non-controlling interest in consolidated subsidiary 12,431 13,363
 
Stockholders' equity:
Common stock - par value 74 74
Capital in excess of par value 728,667 733,117
Retained earnings (accumulated deficit) (489,889 ) (441,793 )
Treasury stock   (1,001 )   (1,411 )
Total stockholders' equity 237,851 289,987
   
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 979,019   $ 1,238,443  
 
 
HEADWATERS INCORPORATED
Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures (Unaudited)
(in millions, except per-share amounts)
 
 

Reconciliation of Income from Continuing Operations to Adjusted EBITDA
    Quarter Ended September 30,     Year Ended September 30,

 
2015     2016 2015     2016
 
Income from continuing operations (GAAP) $ 126.9 $ 16.6 $ 132.1 $ 49.6
Non-controlling interest of subsidiary (0.2 ) (0.8 ) (0.9 ) (1.7 )
Net interest expense 8.2 16.9 64.2 42.5
Income taxes (93.7 ) 8.6 (94.5 ) 22.8
Depreciation, amortization, and equity-based compensation 14.8 20.1 56.2 65.1

Non-routine customer and business acquisition-related costs and adjustments
0.6 (0.6 ) 1.8 1.3
Consolidation of acquired businesses - 3.3 - 7.8
Asset impairments, write-offs and other non-routine items - 2.2 0.6 2.2
Cash-based compensation tied to stock price   2.3     -     6.1     -  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 58.9   $ 66.3   $ 165.6   $ 189.6  
 
Segment Adjusted EBITDA
 
Building Products $ 35.1 $ 36.6 $ 101.9 $ 119.4
Construction materials 28.9 32.7 80.5 92.4
Energy technology 2.2 1.8 2.2 (1.1 )
Corporate (9.6 ) (4.8 ) (25.1 ) (21.1 )
Cash-based compensation tied to stock price   2.3     -     6.1     -  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 58.9   $ 66.3   $ 165.6   $ 189.6  
 
 
Twelve Months Ended
TTM Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation 9/30/2014 9/30/2015 9/30/2016
 
Income from continuing operations (GAAP) $ 16.5 $ 132.1 $ 49.6
Non-controlling interest of subsidiary (0.8 ) (0.9 ) (1.7 )
Net interest expense 46.3 64.2 42.5
Income taxes 3.6 (94.5 ) 22.8
Depreciation, amortization, and equity-based compensation 56.9 56.2 65.1

Non-routine customer and business acquisition-related costs and adjustments
6.1 1.8 1.3
Consolidation of acquired businesses - - 7.8
Asset impairments, write-offs and other non-routine items 3.1 0.6 2.2
Cash-based compensation tied to stock price   6.1     6.1     -  
TTM Adjusted EBITDA $ 137.8   $ 165.6   $ 189.6  
 
Segment TTM Adjusted EBITDA
 
Building Products $ 88.1 $ 101.9 $ 119.4
Construction materials 66.8 80.5 92.4
Energy technology (2.0 ) 2.2 (1.1 )
Corporate (21.2 ) (25.1 ) (21.1 )
Cash-based compensation tied to stock price   6.1     6.1     -  
TTM Adjusted EBITDA $ 137.8   $ 165.6   $ 189.6  
 
       

Reconciliation of Diluted EPS from Continuing Operations to Adjusted EPS
Quarter Ended September 30, Year Ended September 30,

 
2015     2016 2015     2016
 

Reported numerator for diluted earnings per share from continuing operations in accordance with GAAP - income from continuing operations attributable to Headwaters Incorporated
$ 126.7 $ 15.8 $ 131.2 $ 47.9
Adjustments to numerator:

To reflect income taxes in the 2015 periods at a normalized rate (see Note to table below)
(106.6 ) - (107.9 ) -
Amortization expense related to acquired intangible assets 4.5 6.1 17.9 20.3

Non-routine customer and business acquisition-related costs and adjustments
0.6 (0.6 ) 1.8 1.3
Consolidation of acquired businesses - 3.3 - 7.8

Asset impairments, write-offs and other non-routine items, including accelerated depreciation
- 3.7 0.6 3.7

Non-routine interest expense related to early debt repayments, repricings, new debt issuances
- 8.7 24.8 10.1
Cash-based compensation tied to stock price 2.3 - 6.1 -
Income tax effect of above pretax adjustments (2.9 ) (8.3 ) (19.9 ) (16.8 )

 
       

Total adjustments to income from continuing operations, net of income tax effect
(102.1 ) 12.9 (76.6 ) 26.4

 
       

Numerator for adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations
$ 24.6   $ 28.7   $ 54.6   $ 74.3  
 

 

Reported denominator for diluted earnings per share in accordance with GAAP and for adjusted earnings per share
  75.3     75.5     75.6     75.4  

 

Reported diluted income per share from continuing operations (GAAP)
$ 1.68 $ 0.21 $ 1.74 $ 0.64
Effect of adjustments on diluted income per share calculation (1.35 ) 0.17 (1.02 ) 0.35

 
       

Adjusted diluted income per share from continuing operations (Adjusted EPS)
$ 0.33   $ 0.38   $ 0.72   $ 0.99  
 

Note to table: In the September 2015 quarter, we reversed most of the valuation allowance on our deferred tax assets, while in 2016 our income taxes reflect a normalized rate. Accordingly, in order for the 2015 Adjusted EPS to be comparable to 2016, we have included an adjustment to reflect income taxes at a normalized rate of 39%, for both the 2015 period GAAP earnings and the income tax effect of the adjustments shown in the table. This is consistent with the calculation of income taxes for the 2016 periods.

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