Green Dot Corporation (NYSE:GDOT), today reported financial results for the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2015.

For the fourth quarter of 2015, Green Dot reported GAAP revenue of $150.9 million, non-GAAP total operating revenues 1 of $151.0 million and adjusted EBITDA of $12.7 million. Green Dot also reported $0.12 in GAAP diluted loss per common share and $0.06 in non-GAAP diluted earnings per common share 1. As of December 31, 2015, Green Dot generated $156.7 million in net cash from operations, which was approximately $20 million greater than forecast, primarily due to the timing of working capital. Unencumbered cash at the holding company was $80 million.

Green Dot Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Steve Streit said, "Despite the impact of the previously-disclosed headwinds or 'Detour' on our roadmap to growth, our full year consolidated results were very strong as a result of the contributions of our acquired businesses in 2014 and 2015, and our integration of those acquisitions into the Green Dot platform, enabling us to recognize synergies. As such, our full year consolidated results posted double-digit growth with both consolidated revenue and adjusted EBITDA both up approximately 15%. EPS remained flat as a result of slightly higher year-over-year interest expense and D&A expense, and because the year-over-year adjusted EBITDA declines we experienced in our legacy business lines largely offset the gains delivered by our acquired entities on a per share basis."

"We believe we are beginning to emerge from the headwinds in our legacy business and are now poised for growth in 2017. We have already launched a new category of prepaid products with superior unit economics at all Walmart stores nationwide, replacing those products that contributed to our legacy business headwinds. The remaining 90,000+ Green Dot retailer locations will begin selling the new products over the course of Q1 with full national roll-out by end of April. We expect to launch a new MoneyPak product with enhanced risk controls in first half of the year, which should blunt the impact of the removal of the original MoneyPak last year. Our business development pipeline is robust, as evidenced by the new OneMain agreement and the many new distribution partnerships signed since the last quarter. Our regulators at the Federal Reserve and the State of Utah have granted approval for Green Dot Bank to use its banking charter to engage in consumer lending beginning with a secured credit card product while our innovative lending marketplace, Green Dot Money, is on track for a summer launch. We believe our hard work, dedication and focus on fulfilling our long-term strategic roadmap is beginning to show we have weathered the storm and are on the right path to driving material EPS growth as the next phase of that roadmap."

GAAP financial results for the fourth quarter of 2015 compared to the fourth quarter of 2014:

  • Total operating revenues on a generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) basis were $150.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2015 from $150.6 million for the fourth quarter of 2014
  • GAAP net loss was $6.1 million for the fourth quarter of 2015 from GAAP net loss of $0.8 million for the fourth quarter of 2014
  • GAAP basic and diluted loss per common share were $0.12 for the fourth quarter of 2015 from $0.02 for the fourth quarter of 2014

Non-GAAP financial results for the fourth quarter of 2015 compared to the fourth quarter of 2014: 1
  • Non-GAAP total operating revenues 1 were $151.0 million for the fourth quarter of 2015 from $153.0 million for the fourth quarter of 2014
  • Non-GAAP net income 1 was $3.3 million for the fourth quarter of 2015 from $8.3 million for the fourth quarter of 2014
  • Non-GAAP diluted earnings per share 1 was $0.06 for the fourth quarter of 2015 from $0.16 for the fourth quarter of 2014
  • Adjusted EBITDA 1 was $12.7 million, or 8% of non-GAAP total operating revenues 1 for the fourth quarter of 2015 from $25.8 million, or 17% of non-GAAP total operating revenues 1 for the fourth quarter of 2014

The following table shows the Company's quarterly key business metrics for each of the last eight calendar quarters. Please refer to the Company's latest Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for a description of the key business metrics.
    2015     2014
Q4   Q3   Q2   Q1     Q4   Q3   Q2   Q1
(In millions)
Number of cash transfers 9.71   9.53   9.55   10.09 12.49   12.49   12.55   12.60
Number of tax refunds processed 0.06 0.10 2.00 8.52
Number of active cards at quarter end 4.50 4.51 4.80 5.38 4.72 4.63 4.72 4.74
Gross dollar volume $ 5,441 $ 5,040 $ 5,177 $ 6,350 $ 5,138 $ 4,634 $ 4,668 $ 5,335
Purchase volume $ 3,866 $ 3,676 $ 3,829 $ 4,684 $ 3,547 $ 3,363 $ 3,420 $ 3,885
 

Selected Business Updates

Green Dot is pleased to announce the following business developments, which all map to Green Dot's previously-disclosed long-term strategic plan.

Banking Services:

  • Green Dot Bank received regulatory approval to use its bank charter to engage in consumer lending. The ability to engage in certain lending activities enables Green Dot's subsidiary bank to increase its profit contribution to the consolidated Green Dot Corporation over time and enables the bank to expand its value to millions of Green Dot's current prepaid card and checking account customers.
  • Green Dot Bank's first lending product on a national scale will be the Green Dot Bank secured credit card. A "secured credit card" is specifically designed to help consumers establish or improve their credit score with the major credit bureaus. The card works like any Visa or MasterCard credit card, except that the customer makes a collateral deposit in Green Dot Bank equal to the card's credit line.
  • Green Dot's new lending marketplace initiative, Green Dot Money, is expected to connect interested consumers with interested lenders. While it is in the early stages of development, the Company believes Green Dot Money has the potential to generate increased customer loyalty and high-margin revenue from placement fees paid to Green Dot by the marketplace lenders who are successfully paired with borrowers.

Business Development:
  • Green Dot is pleased to announce that it has entered into a multi-year agreement with OneMain Financial to provide an integrated prepaid card solution for the millions of customers who apply for and receive loans from OneMain's network of 2,000 branches and through its online properties. One of the initiatives between the two companies will be for borrowers to be given the option to place their loan proceeds on a Green Dot/OneMain branded prepaid card in lieu of a check or traditional bank deposit, thereby allowing the customer to access their loan proceeds more quickly and conveniently.
  • Green Dot is pleased to welcome AAFES, the Army and Airforce Exchange Service to the list of Green Dot retail locations. "AAFES," is the superstore retailer on U.S. Army and Air Force installations worldwide. America's military service men and women represent a large customer segment for Green Dot's products and services and we are proud to have been chosen to provide our high quality, low-cost FDIC insured bank products to America's military personnel and their families.
  • Green Dot is pleased to welcome convenience store, Kwik Trip, and their 516 locations as a new Green Dot retail distributor.
  • Green Dot entered into agreements with four new Financial Service Center companies representing over 240 new check cashing stores nationwide selling Green Dot brand prepaid cards and reload services. Green Dot now sells its products and services in over 4,000 FSC locations coast to coast, up from zero locations just three years ago.

Capital Allocation:
  • Since Q4, Green Dot completed an additional $10 million in share buy-backs as part of the company's previously announced $150 million repurchase authorization. So far, in the first six months since the buy-back program received regulatory approval, Green Dot has repurchased $50 million of its shares. The company is committed to executing the remaining $100 million over the next 24 months.

Technology:
  • In Q4, 2015, Green Dot successfully completed the first wave of account conversions from its legacy TSYS processing platform to its new MasterCard PTS processing platform. This wave consisted of approximately 33 million consumer records, or approximately 30% of all accounts on file. The Company is on track to complete the remaining conversion waves over the course of 2016.
  • In January, Green Dot successfully transitioned its prepaid products, including the new Walmart MoneyCard product and two new Green Dot branded prepaid card products to the company's modern, efficient and feature-rich "GoBank Product Technology Platform (GoBank PTP). The Company expects this change to increase the efficiency of Green Dot's operations. Additionally, Green Dot's new prepaid cards will be able to offer GoBank style features including award-winning mobile apps, the ability to integrate with ApplePay and other mobile payment systems, cash-back rewards, the ability to write paper checks, the ability to receive early credit on direct deposited funds, mobile phone check deposit, person-to-person payments and an embedded FDIC insured savings account.
  • Green Dot has completed its first full year of operation at the company's state-of-the-art Shanghai, China technology development center, surpassing its internal goals for both the quantity and quality of code produced from this facility.

Operations:
  • Green Dot's Enterprise Product Delivery Office (EPDO) has successfully led the completion of phase 1 integration for the AccountNow and AchieveCard acquisitions, generating an incremental $13 million of profit contribution from those subsidiaries through December 31, 2015. Savings resulted from the consolidation of call centers, risk operations, marketing functions and technology functions.
  • Green Dot launched a new merchandising initiative with Anderson Merchandisers to ensure in-stock rates of greater than 90% at all Walmart stores nationwide. The initiative calls for merchandisers on the "Green Team" to visit stores weekly to replenish inventory and maintain displays to ensure maximum sales rates of the Company's prepaid cards, its GoBank checking account and Green Dot's large variety of Visa gift cards sold under the Walmart brand.

New Products:
  • Green Dot successfully launched the new Walmart MoneyCard product and the new Green Dot Everyday Visa product at all Walmart stores nationwide. Both prepaid products launched on time and on budget and are the first to be powered by Green Dot's new GoBank PTP. These new prepaid products offer superior features for customers and superior unit economics for Green Dot compared to all previous MoneyCard and Green Dot card versions.
  • The roll outs of the new Green Dot Everyday Prepaid Card and the new Green Dot 5% Cash Back Visa Debit Card at Green Dot's remaining retail locations are on schedule and on budget. The Company expects that by the end of April, substantially all of Green Dot's top selling retail chains nationwide will be selling these new products, which feature superior features for customers and superior unit economics for Green Dot compared to all previous Green Dot card offerings.
  • The roll out of the new MoneyPak product is on schedule to launch in April 2016. The new MoneyPak, with mobile and web-based risk controls powered by Green Dot's GoBank Product Technology Platform, is designed to help the company win back former users of the original MoneyPak product.
  • TPG, Green Dot's tax refund processing subsidiary, rolled out a new Green Dot prepaid card integration where customers of EROs using TPG's refund processing services are offered the opportunity to receive their tax refund on a Green Dot prepaid card. Additionally, select customers can receive up to a $750 advance of their tax refund amount loaded to that Green Dot prepaid card. The program rolled out in January to a select group of independent tax preparers nationwide.

"While we expect to experience continuing headwinds in our legacy business over the course of 2016, we believe we can see a recovery in sight as we roll out new prepaid products with better unit economics at all Green Dot locations nationwide and as those new more profitable cards that are going on the rack gradually replace the older less profitable cards that are coming off the rack. While our logistics and supply chain team is busy rolling out these new card products, our technology team is busy deploying the new technology born from approximately three years of investment in the modernization of our fintech underpinnings. Our new processing platform is 30% rolled out with full migration planned by end of the year and our new GoBank Product Technology Platform now powers all our new prepaid products, replacing multiple legacy and less efficient prepaid product platforms that drove our previous category of products. We expect to generate operating expense savings in 2016 and 2017 as we continue to benefit from the ongoing integration of acquired companies and the efficiencies from our new processing and product platforms. As an offset to all the great savings opportunities in 2016, we will be absorbing unusual incremental launch expenses of $11 million associated with the manufacturing of new prepaid packaging and sending in merchandisers to nearly 100,000 retailer locations to replace and destroy the old product," said Green Dot Chief Financial Officer, Mark Shifke.

Outlook for 2016

Green Dot has provided its outlook for 2016. Green Dot's outlook is based on a number of assumptions that Green Dot believes are reasonable at the time of this earnings release. Information regarding potential risks that could cause the actual results to differ from these forward-looking statements is set forth below and in Green Dot's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

In 2016, Green Dot will incur unusual incremental launch expenses for the cost of deploying hundreds of merchandisers to Green Dot's network of nearly 100,000 retail locations for the purpose of removing and destroying old inventory and replacing that old inventory with new inventory. As such, we are presenting our 2016 outlook including and excluding the unusual incremental launch expenses.

Non-GAAP Total Operating Revenues 2
  • Green Dot expects full year non-GAAP total operating revenues to be between $700 million and $705 million.

Adjusted EBITDA 2
  • The Company expects adjusted EBITDA between $154 million and $158 million, including $11 million in unusual incremental launch expenses.
  • The Company expects adjusted EBITDA between $165 million and $169 million, excluding $11 million in unusual incremental launch expense.

Non-GAAP EPS 2
  • The Company expects non-GAAP EPS between $1.35 and $1.40, including $11 million in unusual incremental launch expense.
    Range
Low     High
(In millions)
Adjusted EBITDA $ 154.0 $ 158.0
Depreciation and amortization* (42.2 ) (42.2 )
Net interest income (0.4 ) (0.4 )
Non-GAAP pre-tax income $ 111.4 $ 115.4
Tax impact** (41.1 ) (42.6 )
Non-GAAP net income $ 70.3 $ 72.8
Non-GAAP diluted weighted-average shares issued and outstanding** 52.0 52.0
Non-GAAP earnings per share $ 1.35 $ 1.40
 
  • The Company expects non-GAAP EPS between $1.48 and $1.53, excluding $11 million in unusual incremental launch expense
    Range
Low     High
(In millions)
Adjusted EBITDA $ 165.0 $ 169.0
Depreciation and amortization* (42.2 ) (42.2 )
Net interest income (0.4 ) (0.4 )
Non-GAAP pre-tax income $ 122.4 $ 126.4
Tax impact** (45.2 ) (46.6 )
Non-GAAP net income $ 77.2 $ 79.8
Non-GAAP diluted weighted-average shares issued and outstanding** 52.0 52.0
Non-GAAP earnings per share $ 1.48 $ 1.53
 
*   Excludes the impact of amortization on acquired intangible assets
** Assumes an effective tax rate of 36.9%
 
1   Reconciliations of total operating revenues to non-GAAP total operating revenues, net income (loss) to non-GAAP net income, diluted earnings per share to non-GAAP diluted earnings per share and net income (loss) to adjusted EBITDA, respectively, are provided in the tables immediately following the consolidated financial statements. Additional information about the Company's non-GAAP financial measures can be found under the caption "About Non-GAAP Financial Measures" below.
2   Reconciliations of forward-looking guidance for these non-GAAP financial measures to their respective, most directly comparable projected GAAP financial measures are provided in the tables immediately following the reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted EBITDA.

Conference Call

The Company will host a conference call to discuss fourth quarter 2015 financial results today at 5:00 p.m. ET. In addition to the conference call, there will be a webcast presentation of accompanying slides accessible on the Company's investor relations website. Hosting the call will be Steve Streit, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, and Mark Shifke, Chief Financial Officer. The conference call can be accessed live over the phone by dialing (888) 348-8307, or for international callers (412) 902-4242. A replay will be available approximately two hours after the call concludes and can be accessed by dialing (877) 870-5176, or for international callers (858) 384-5517; and entering the conference ID 10079782. The replay of the webcast will be available until Wednesday, March 2, 2016. The call will be webcast live from the Company's investor relations website at http://ir.greendot.com/.

Forward-Looking Statements

This earnings release contains forward-looking statements, which are subject to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements include, among other things, statements regarding the Company's future performance contained under "Outlook for 2016" and in the quotes of its executive officers and other future events that involve risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ materially from those contained in the forward-looking statements contained in this earnings release, and reported results should not be considered as an indication of future performance. The potential risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from those projected include, among other things, the timing and impact of revenue growth activities, the Company's dependence on revenues derived from Walmart and three other retail distributors, impact of competition, the Company's reliance on retail distributors for the promotion of its products and services, demand for the Company's new and existing products and services, continued and improving returns from the Company's investments in new growth initiatives, potential difficulties in integrating operations of acquired entities and acquired technologies, the Company's ability to operate in a highly regulated environment, changes to existing laws or regulations affecting the Company's operating methods or economics, the Company's reliance on third-party vendors, changes in credit card association or other network rules or standards, changes in card association and debit network fees or products or interchange rates, instances of fraud developments in the prepaid financial services industry that impact prepaid debit card usage generally, business interruption or systems failure, and the Company's involvement litigation or investigations. These and other risks are discussed in greater detail in the Company's Securities and Exchange Commission filings, including its most recent annual report on Form 10-K and quarterly report on Form 10-Q, which are available on the Company's investor relations website at ir.greendot.com and on the SEC website at www.sec.gov. All information provided in this release and in the attachments is as of February 24, 2016, and the Company assumes no obligation to update this information as a result of future events or developments.

About Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To supplement the Company's consolidated financial statements presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP), the Company uses measures of operating results that are adjusted to exclude net interest income and expense; income tax benefit and expense; depreciation and amortization; employee stock-based compensation expense; stock-based retailer incentive compensation expense; contingent consideration; other charges and income; transaction costs; and impairment charges. This earnings release includes non-GAAP total operating revenues, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP earnings per share, non-GAAP weighted-average shares issued and outstanding and adjusted EBITDA. It also includes full-year 2016 guidance for non-GAAP total operating revenues and adjusted EBITDA. These non-GAAP financial measures are not calculated or presented in accordance with, and are not alternatives or substitutes for, financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP, and should be read only in conjunction with the Company's financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. The Company's non-GAAP financial measures may be different from similarly-titled non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. The Company believes that the presentation of non-GAAP financial measures provides useful information to management and investors regarding underlying trends in its consolidated financial condition and results of operations. The Company's management regularly uses these supplemental non-GAAP financial measures internally to understand, manage and evaluate the Company's business and make operating decisions. For additional information regarding the Company's use of non-GAAP financial measures and the items excluded by the Company from one or more of its historic and projected non-GAAP financial measures, investors are encouraged to review the reconciliations of the Company's historic and projected non-GAAP financial measures to the comparable GAAP financial measures, which are attached to this earnings release, and which can be found by clicking on "Financial Information" in the Investor Relations section of the Company's website at http://ir.greendot.com/.

About Green Dot

Green Dot Corporation, along with its wholly owned subsidiaries, is a pro-consumer financial technology innovator with a mission to provide a full range of affordable and accessible financial services to the masses. Green Dot is the largest provider of reloadable prepaid debit cards and cash reload processing services in the United States. Green Dot is also a leader in mobile technology and mobile banking with its award-winning GoBank mobile checking account and a top 20 debit card issuer among all banks and credit unions in the country. Through its wholly owned subsidiary, TPG, Green Dot is additionally the largest processor of tax refund disbursements in the U.S. Green Dot's products and services are available to consumers through a large-scale "branchless bank" distribution network of more than 100,000 U.S. retail locations, thousands of neighborhood financial service center locations, online, in the leading app stores and through approximately 25,000 tax preparation offices and leading online tax preparation providers. Green Dot Corporation is headquartered in Pasadena, Calif., with additional facilities throughout the United States and in Shanghai, China.
       

GREEN DOT CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
December 31, 2015 December 31, 2014
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except par value)
Assets
Current assets:
Unrestricted cash and cash equivalents $ 772,128 $ 724,158
Federal funds sold 1 480
Restricted cash 5,793 2,015
Investment securities available-for-sale, at fair value 49,106 46,650
Settlement assets 69,165 148,694
Accounts receivable, net 44,165 48,917
Prepaid expenses and other assets 30,511 22,458
Income tax receivable 6,434   16,290  
Total current assets 977,303 1,009,662
Restricted cash 2,152
Investment securities available-for-sale, at fair value 132,433 73,781
Loans to bank customers, net of allowance for loan losses of $426 and $444 as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively 6,279 6,550
Prepaid expenses and other assets 6,416 6,034
Property and equipment, net 78,877 77,284
Deferred expenses 14,509 17,326
Net deferred tax assets 3,864 4,299
Goodwill and intangible assets 473,779   417,200  
Total assets $ 1,693,460   $ 1,614,288  
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable $ 37,186 $ 36,444
Deposits 652,145 565,401
Obligations to customers 61,300 98,052
Settlement obligations 5,074 4,484
Amounts due to card issuing banks for overdrawn accounts 1,067 1,224
Other accrued liabilities 89,647 79,137
Deferred revenue 22,901 24,418
Note payable 20,966   20,966  
Total current liabilities 890,286 830,126
Other accrued liabilities 37,894 31,495
Note payable 100,686 121,651
Net deferred tax liabilities 1,272   2,026  
Total liabilities 1,030,138 985,298
 
Stockholders' equity:
Convertible Series A preferred stock, $0.001 par value: 10 shares authorized as of December 31, 2015 and 2014; 2 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2015 and 2014 2 2
Class A common stock, $0.001 par value; 100,000 shares authorized as of December 31, 2015 and 2014; 50,502 and 51,146 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively 51 51
Additional paid-in capital 379,376 383,296
Retained earnings 284,108 245,693
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (215 ) (52 )
Total stockholders' equity 663,322   628,990  
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $ 1,693,460   $ 1,614,288  
 
       

GREEN DOT CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(UNAUDITED)
 
Three Months Ended December 31, Years Ended December 31,
2015     2014 2015     2014
(In thousands, except per share data)
Operating revenues:
Card revenues and other fees $ 75,179 $ 65,149 $ 318,083 $ 253,155
Processing and settlement service revenues 27,607 43,437 182,614 179,289
Interchange revenues 48,142 44,414 196,523 178,040
Stock-based retailer incentive compensation   (2,391 ) (2,520 ) (8,932 )
Total operating revenues 150,928 150,609 694,700 601,552
Operating expenses:
Sales and marketing expenses 60,444 62,185 230,441 235,227
Compensation and benefits expenses 44,856 34,418 168,226 123,083
Processing expenses 23,928 20,160 102,144 79,053
Other general and administrative expenses 33,479   33,576   134,560   105,200  
Total operating expenses 162,707   150,339   635,371   542,563  
Operating (loss) income (11,779 ) 270 59,329 58,989
Interest income 1,113 1,066 4,737 4,064
Interest expense (1,434 ) (1,214 ) (5,944 ) (1,276 )
Other income   760     7,129  
(Loss) income before income taxes (12,100 ) 882 58,122 68,906
Income tax (benefit) expense (6,027 ) 1,727   19,707   26,213  
Net (loss) income (6,073 ) (845 ) 38,415 42,693
Loss (income) attributable to preferred stock 177   60   (1,102 ) (4,842 )
Net (loss) income available to common stockholders $ (5,896 ) $ (785 ) $ 37,313   $ 37,851  
 
Basic (loss) earnings per common share: $ (0.12 ) $ (0.02 ) $ 0.73   $ 0.92  
Diluted (loss) earnings per common share: $ (0.12 ) $ (0.02 ) $ 0.72   $ 0.90  
Basic weighted-average common shares issued and outstanding: 50,500 46,793 51,332 40,907
Diluted weighted-average common shares issued and outstanding: 51,168 47,744 51,875 41,770
 
   

GREEN DOT CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)
 
Year Ended December 31,
2015     2014
(In thousands)
Operating activities
Net income $ 38,415 $ 42,693
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment 38,509 32,454
Amortization of intangible assets 23,205 4,530
Provision for uncollectible overdrawn accounts 63,294 38,273
Employee stock-based compensation 27,011 20,329
Stock-based retailer incentive compensation 2,520 8,932
Amortization of premium on available-for-sale investment securities 1,167 1,105
Change in fair value of contingent consideration (8,200 ) (698 )
Amortization of deferred financing costs 1,535 289
Impairment of capitalized software 5,881
Deferred income tax (benefit) expense (406 ) 463
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable, net (56,462 ) (30,479 )
Prepaid expenses and other assets (5,766 ) 1,086
Deferred expenses 2,817 (1,887 )
Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities 15,191 1,167
Amounts due to card issuing banks for overdrawn accounts (157 ) (48,706 )
Deferred revenue (1,617 ) (319 )
Income tax receivable 9,995 29
Other, net (212 ) (44 )
Net cash provided by operating activities 156,720 69,217
 
Investing activities
Purchases of available-for-sale investment securities (195,132 ) (212,446 )
Proceeds from maturities of available-for-sale securities 84,435 153,265
Proceeds from sales of available-for-sale securities 47,953 136,425
(Increase) decrease in restricted cash (199 ) 1,360
Payments for acquisition of property and equipment (47,837 ) (39,338 )
Net principal collections on loans 271 352
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (65,209 ) (226,964 )
Net cash used in investing activities (175,718 ) (187,346 )
 
Financing activities
Borrowings from note payable 150,000
Repayments of borrowings from note payable (22,500 )
Borrowings on revolving line of credit 30,001
Repayments on revolving line of credit (30,001 )
Proceeds from exercise of options 3,832 9,960
Excess tax benefits from exercise of options 222 3,945
Taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards (5,124 ) (3,224 )
Net increase in deposits 86,744 345,821
Net increase (decrease) in obligations to customers 45,372 (79,442 )
Contingent consideration payments (1,071 ) (242 )
Repurchase of Class A common stock (40,986 )
Deferred financing costs   (7,672 )
Net cash provided by financing activities 66,489   419,146  
 
Net increase in unrestricted cash, cash equivalents, and federal funds sold 47,491 301,017
 
Unrestricted cash, cash equivalents, and federal funds sold, beginning of year 724,638   423,621  
Unrestricted cash, cash equivalents, and federal funds sold, end of period $ 772,129   $ 724,638  
 
Cash paid for interest $ 4,410 $ 1,276
Cash paid for income taxes $ 9,892 $ 21,602
 
   

GREEN DOT CORPORATION

REPORTABLE SEGMENTS

(UNAUDITED)
 
Year Ended December 31, 2015
    Processing and        
Settlement Corporate and
Account Services Services Other Total
(In thousands)
Operating revenues $ 531,410 $ 195,000 $ (31,710 ) $ 694,700
Operating expenses 440,669   133,539   61,163   635,371
Operating income $ 90,741   $ 61,461   $ (92,873 ) $ 59,329
 

Beginning in 2015, the Company's operations are comprised of two reportable segments, Account Services and Processing and Settlement Services. The Account Services segment consists of revenues and expenses derived from the Company's branded and private label deposit account programs. These programs include Green Dot-branded and affinity-branded GPR card accounts, private label GPR card accounts, checking accounts and open-loop gift cards. The Processing and Settlement Services segment consists of revenues and expenses derived from reload services through the Green Dot Network and the Company's tax refund processing services. The Corporate and Other segment primarily consists of unallocated corporate expenses, depreciation and amortization, intercompany eliminations and other costs that are not considered when the Company's management evaluates segment performance.
       

GREEN DOT CORPORATION

Reconciliation of Total Operating Revenues to Non-GAAP Total Operating Revenues (1)

(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended December 31, Year Ended December 31,
2015     2014 2015     2014
(In thousands)
Total operating revenues $ 150,928 $ 150,609 $ 694,700 $ 601,552
Stock-based retailer incentive compensation (2)(4) 2,391 2,520 8,932
Contra-revenue advertising costs (3)(4) 118     1,977  
Non-GAAP total operating revenues $ 151,046   $ 153,000   $ 699,197   $ 610,484
 
       

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Non-GAAP Net Income (1)

(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended December 31, Year Ended December 31,
2015     2014 2015     2014
(In thousands, except per share data)
Net (loss) income $ (6,073 ) $ (845 ) $ 38,415 $ 42,693
Employee stock-based compensation expense (5) 7,935 6,177 27,011 20,329
Stock-based retailer incentive compensation (2) 2,391 2,520 8,932
Amortization of acquired intangibles (6) 6,081 3,800 23,205 4,530
Change in fair value of contingent consideration (6) (684 ) (698 ) (8,200 ) (698 )
Other charges (income) (7) 44 (62 ) 2,619 (6,431 )
Transaction costs (6) 526 4,182 1,330 6,681
Amortization of deferred financing costs (7) 383 1,534
Impairment charges (7) 142 5,881
Income tax effect (8) (5,076 ) (6,629 ) (22,367 ) (12,109 )
Non-GAAP net income $ 3,278   $ 8,316   $ 71,948   $ 63,927  
Diluted (loss) earnings per common share*
GAAP $ (0.12 ) $ (0.02 ) $ 0.72 $ 0.90
Non-GAAP $ 0.06 $ 0.16 $ 1.35 $ 1.35
Diluted weighted-average common shares issued and outstanding
GAAP 51,168 47,744 51,875 41,770
Non-GAAP 52,687 51,532 53,422 47,385
*   Reconciliations between GAAP and non-GAAP diluted weighted-average shares issued and outstanding are provided in the next table.
       

Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Diluted Weighted-Average

Shares Issued and Outstanding (1)

(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended December 31, Year Ended December 31,
2015     2014 2015     2014
(In thousands)
Diluted weighted-average shares issued and outstanding* 51,168 47,744 51,875 41,770
Assumed conversion of weighted-average shares of preferred stock 1,519 3,573 1,518 5,235
Weighted-average shares subject to repurchase   215   29   380
Non-GAAP diluted weighted-average shares issued and outstanding 52,687   51,532   53,422   47,385
 
*   Represents the diluted weighted-average shares of Class A common stock for the periods indicated.
 
       

GREEN DOT CORPORATION

Supplemental Detail on Non-GAAP Diluted Weighted-Average Shares Issued and Outstanding

(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended December 31, Year Ended December 31,
2015     2014 2015     2014
(In thousands)
Stock outstanding as of December 31:
Class A common stock 50,502 51,146 50,502 51,146
Preferred stock (on an as-converted basis) 1,519   1,515   1,519   1,515  
Total stock outstanding as of December 31: 52,021 52,661 52,021 52,661
Weighting adjustment (2 ) (2,080 ) 858 (6,139 )
Dilutive potential shares:
Stock options 316 584 293 640
Restricted stock units 345 363 243 220
Employee stock purchase plan 7   4   7   3  
Non-GAAP diluted weighted-average shares issued and outstanding 52,687   51,532   53,422   47,385  
 
       

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA (1)

(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended December 31, Year Ended December 31,
2015     2014 2015     2014
(In thousands)
Net (loss) income $ (6,073 ) $ (845 ) $ 38,415 $ 42,693
Net interest expense (income) (4) 321 148 1,207 (2,788 )
Income tax (benefit) expense (6,027 ) 1,727 19,707 26,213
Depreciation of property and equipment (4) 10,448 9,004 38,509 32,454
Employee stock-based compensation expense (4)(5) 7,935 6,177 27,011 20,329
Stock-based retailer incentive compensation (2)(4) 2,391 2,520 8,932
Amortization of acquired intangibles (4)(6) 6,081 3,800 23,205 4,530
Change in fair value of contingent consideration (4)(6) (684 ) (698 ) (8,200 ) (698 )
Other charges (income) (4)(7) 44 (62 ) 2,619 (6,431 )
Transaction costs (4)(6) 526 4,182 1,330 6,681
Impairment charges (4)(7) 142     5,881    
Adjusted EBITDA $ 12,713   $ 25,824   $ 152,204   $ 131,915  
Non-GAAP total operating revenues $ 151,046   $ 153,000   $ 699,197   $ 610,484  
Adjusted EBITDA/non-GAAP total operating revenues (adjusted EBITDA margin) 8.4 % 16.9 % 21.8 % 21.6 %
 
   

GREEN DOT CORPORATION

Reconciliation of Forward Looking Guidance for Non-GAAP Financial Measures to

Projected GAAP Total Operating Revenue (1)

(Unaudited)
 
Range
Low     High
(In millions)
Total operating revenues $ 699.6 $ 704.6
Contra-revenue advertising costs (3)(4) 0.4   0.4
Non-GAAP total operating revenues $ 700.0   $ 705.0
 
 
   

Reconciliation of Forward Looking Guidance for Non-GAAP Financial Measures to

Projected Adjusted EBITDA (1)

(Unaudited)
 
Range
Low     High
(In millions)
Net income $ 40.2 $ 42.7
Adjustments (9) 113.8   115.3  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 154.0 $ 158.0
 
Non-GAAP total operating revenues $ 705.0   $ 700.0  
Adjusted EBITDA / Non-GAAP total operating revenues (Adjusted EBITDA margin) 22 % 23 %
 
 
   

Reconciliation of Forward Looking Guidance for Non-GAAP Financial Measures to

Projected GAAP Net Income (1)

(Unaudited)
 
Range
Low     High
(In millions)
Net income $ 40.2 $ 42.7
Adjustments (9) 30.1   30.1
Non-GAAP net income $ 70.3 $ 72.8
Diluted earnings per share*
GAAP $ 0.80 $ 0.85
Non-GAAP $ 1.35 $ 1.40
Diluted weighted-average shares issued and outstanding**
GAAP 50.0 50.0
Non-GAAP 52.0 52.0
 
* Reconciliations between GAAP and non-GAAP diluted weighted-average shares issued and outstanding are provided in the next table.
** Diluted weighted-average Class A shares issued and outstanding is the most directly comparable GAAP measure for the periods indicated.
 
   

GREEN DOT CORPORATION

Reconciliation of Forward Looking Guidance for Non-GAAP Financial Measures to

Projected GAAP Diluted Weighted-Average Shares Issued and Outstanding (1)

(Unaudited)
 
Range
Low     High
(In millions)
Diluted weighted-average shares issued and outstanding* 50.0 50.0
Assumed conversion of weighted-average shares of preferred stock 2.0   2.0
Non-GAAP diluted weighted-average shares issued and outstanding 52.0   52.0
*   Represents the diluted weighted-average shares of Class A common stock for the periods indicated.
 
   

Reconciliation of Forward Looking Guidance for Non-GAAP Financial Measures to

Projected Adjusted EBITDA Excluding Incremental Launch Expense (1)

(Unaudited)
 
Range
Low     High
(In millions)
Net income $ 40.2 $ 42.7
Adjustments (9) 113.8 115.3
Incremental launch expense (9) $ 11.0   $ 11.0  
Adjusted EBITDA $ 165.0 $ 169.0
 
Non-GAAP total operating revenues $ 705.0   $ 700.0  
Adjusted EBITDA / Non-GAAP total operating revenues (Adjusted EBITDA margin) 23 % 24 %
 
 
   

Reconciliation of Forward Looking Guidance for Non-GAAP Financial Measures to

Projected GAAP Net Income Excluding Incremental Launch Expense (1)

(Unaudited)
 
Range
Low     High
(In millions)
Net income $ 40.2 $ 42.7
Adjustments (9) 30.1 30.1
Incremental launch expense (9) 6.9   6.9
Non-GAAP net income $ 77.2 $ 79.7
Diluted earnings per share*
GAAP $ 0.80 $ 0.85
Non-GAAP $ 1.48 $ 1.53
Diluted weighted-average shares issued and outstanding**
GAAP 50.0 50.0
Non-GAAP 52.0 52.0
*   Reconciliations between GAAP and non-GAAP diluted weighted-average shares issued and outstanding are provided in the previous table.
** Diluted weighted-average Class A shares issued and outstanding is the most directly comparable GAAP measure for the periods indicated.
 

(1)
 

To supplement the Company's consolidated financial statements presented in accordance with GAAP, the Company uses measures of operating results that are adjusted to exclude various, primarily non-cash, expenses and charges. These financial measures are not calculated or presented in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered as alternatives to or substitutes for operating revenues, operating income, net income or any other measure of financial performance calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. These financial measures may not be comparable to similarly-titled measures of other organizations because other organizations may not calculate their measures in the same manner as we do. These financial measures are adjusted to eliminate the impact of items that the Company does not consider indicative of its core operating performance. You are encouraged to evaluate these adjustments and the reasons we consider them appropriate.
 
The Company believes that the non-GAAP financial measures it presents are useful to investors in evaluating the Company's operating performance for the following reasons:
  • stock-based retailer incentive compensation is a non-cash GAAP accounting charge that is an offset to the Company's actual revenues from operations as the Company has historically calculated them. This charge resulted from the monthly lapsing of the Company's right to repurchase a portion of the 2,208,552 shares it issued to its largest distributor, Walmart, in May 2010. By adding back this charge to the Company's GAAP total operating revenues, investors can make direct comparisons of the Company's revenues from operations prior to May 2015, when the repurchase right fully lapsed, and thus more easily perceive trends in the Company's core operations. Further, because the monthly charge is based on the then-current fair market value of the shares as to which the Company's repurchase right lapses, adding back this charge eliminates fluctuations in the Company's operating revenues caused by variations in its stock price and thus provides insight on the operating revenues directly associated with those core operations;
  • the Company records employee stock-based compensation from period to period, and recorded employee stock-based compensation expenses of approximately $7.9 million and $6.2 million for the three months ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. By comparing the Company's adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP diluted earnings per share in different historical periods, investors can evaluate the Company's operating results without the additional variations caused by employee stock-based compensation expense, which may not be comparable from period to period due to changes in the fair market value of the Company's Class A common stock (which is influenced by external factors like the volatility of public markets and the financial performance of the Company's peers) and is not a key measure of the Company's operations;
  • adjusted EBITDA is widely used by investors to measure a company's operating performance without regard to items, such as net interest income and expense, income tax benefit and expense, depreciation and amortization, employee stock-based compensation expense, stock-based retailer incentive compensation expense, contingent consideration, other charges and income, transaction costs, and impairment charges that can vary substantially from company to company depending upon their respective financing structures and accounting policies, the book values of their assets, their capital structures and the methods by which their assets were acquired; and
  • securities analysts use adjusted EBITDA as a supplemental measure to evaluate the overall operating performance of companies.

The Company's management uses the non-GAAP financial measures:
  • as measures of operating performance, because they exclude the impact of items not directly resulting from the Company's core operations;
  • for planning purposes, including the preparation of the Company's annual operating budget;
  • to allocate resources to enhance the financial performance of the Company's business;
  • to evaluate the effectiveness of the Company's business strategies; and
  • in communications with the Company's board of directors concerning the Company's financial performance.

The Company understands that, although adjusted EBITDA and other non-GAAP financial measures are frequently used by investors and securities analysts in their evaluations of companies, these measures have limitations as an analytical tool, and you should not consider them in isolation or as substitutes for analysis of the Company's results of operations as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations are:
  • that these measures do not reflect the Company's capital expenditures or future requirements for capital expenditures or other contractual commitments;
  • that these measures do not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, the Company's working capital needs;
  • that these measures do not reflect interest expense or interest income;
  • that these measures do not reflect cash requirements for income taxes;
  • that, although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated or amortized will often have to be replaced in the future, and these measures do not reflect any cash requirements for these replacements; and
  • that other companies in the Company's industry may calculate these measures differently than the Company does, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures.

(2)
 

This expense consists of the recorded fair value of the shares of Class A common stock for which the Company's right to repurchase has lapsed pursuant to the terms of the May 2010 agreement under which they were issued to Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., a contra-revenue component of the Company's total operating revenues. The Company does not believe these non-cash expenses are reflective of ongoing operating results. Our right to repurchase any shares issued to Walmart fully lapsed during the three months ended June 30, 2015. As a result, we will no longer recognize stock-based retailer incentive compensation in future periods.
 

(3)

This expense consists of certain co-op advertising costs recognized as contra-revenue under GAAP. The Company believes the substance of the costs incurred are a result of advertising and is not reflective of ongoing total operating revenues. The Company believes that excluding co-op advertising costs from total operating revenues facilitates the comparison of our financial results to the Company's historical operating results. Prior to 2015, the Company did not have any co-op advertising costs recorded as contra-revenue.
 

(4)

The Company does not include any income tax impact of the associated non-GAAP adjustment to non-GAAP total operating revenues or adjusted EBITDA, as the case may be, because each of these non-GAAP financial measures is provided before income tax expense.
 

(5)

This expense consists primarily of expenses for employee stock options and restricted stock units. Employee stock-based compensation expense is not comparable from period to period due to changes in the fair market value of the Company's Class A common stock (which is influenced by external factors like the volatility of public markets and the financial performance of the Company's peers) and is not a key measure of the Company's operations. The Company excludes employee stock-based compensation expense from its non-GAAP financial measures primarily because it consists of non-cash expenses that the Company does not believe are reflective of ongoing operating results. Further, the Company believes that it is useful to investors to understand the impact of employee stock-based compensation to its results of operations.
 

(6)

The Company excludes certain income and expenses that are the result of acquisitions. These acquisition related adjustments include the amortization of acquired intangible assets, changes in the fair value of contingent consideration, settlements of contingencies established at time of acquisition and other acquisition related charges, such as integration charges and professional and legal fees, which result in the Company recording expenses or fair value adjustments in its GAAP financial statements. The Company analyzes the performance of its operations without regard to these adjustments. In determining whether any acquisition related adjustment is appropriate, the Company takes into consideration, among other things, how such adjustments would or would not aid in the understanding of the performance of its operations.
 

(7)

The Company excludes certain income and expenses that are not reflective of ongoing operating results. It is difficult to estimate the amount or timing of these items in advance. Although these events are reflected in the Company's GAAP financial statements, the Company excludes them in it's non-GAAP financial measures because the Company believes these items may limit the comparability of ongoing operations with prior and future periods. These adjustments include amortization attributable to deferred financing costs, impairment charges related to internal-use software and other charges related to gain or loss contingencies. In determining whether any such adjustments is appropriate, the Company takes into consideration, among other things, how such adjustments would or would not aid in the understanding of the performance of its operations.
 

(8)

Represents the tax effect for the related non-GAAP measure adjustments using the Company's year to date effective tax rate.
 

(9)

These amounts represent estimated adjustments for net interest income, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, employee stock-based compensation expense, stock-based retailer incentive compensation expense, contingent consideration, other income and expenses and transaction costs. Employee stock-based compensation expense and stock-based retailer incentive compensation expense include assumptions about the future fair market value of the Company's Class A common stock (which is influenced by external factors like the volatility of public markets and the financial performance of the Company's peers).

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