Wednesday, Wednesday, January 06, 2016, 22 U.S. common stocks are scheduled to go ex-dividend. The dividend yields on these stocks range from 0.6% to 13.7%. All of these stocks can be found on our stocks going ex-dividend section of our dividend calendar.

Highlighted Stocks Going Ex-Dividend Wednesday:

Kayne Anderson Energy Development

Owners of Kayne Anderson Energy Development (NYSE: KED) shares, as of market close today, will be eligible for a dividend of 48 cents per share. At a price of $17.56 as of 4:02 p.m. ET, the dividend yield is 11.7%.

The average volume for Kayne Anderson Energy Development has been 79,700 shares per day over the past 30 days. Kayne Anderson Energy Development has a market cap of $173.7 million and is part of the financial services industry. Shares are down 54.1% year-to-date as of the close of trading on Wednesday.

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The company has a P/E ratio of 9.24.

WGL Holdings

Owners of WGL Holdings (NYSE: WGL) shares, as of market close today, will be eligible for a dividend of 46 cents per share. At a price of $62.99 as of 4:01 p.m. ET, the dividend yield is 2.8%.

The average volume for WGL Holdings has been 268,500 shares per day over the past 30 days. WGL Holdings has a market cap of $3.2 billion and is part of the utilities industry. Shares are up 19.1% year-to-date as of the close of trading on Wednesday.

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WGL Holdings, Inc., through its subsidiaries, sells and delivers natural gas, and provides energy-related products and services. The company operates in four segments: Regulated Utility, Retail Energy-Marketing, Commercial Energy Systems, and Midstream Energy Services. The company has a P/E ratio of 24.86.

TheStreet Ratings rates WGL Holdings as a buy. The company's strengths can be seen in multiple areas, such as its revenue growth, notable return on equity, good cash flow from operations, reasonable valuation levels and solid stock price performance. We feel its strengths outweigh the fact that the company shows low profit margins. You can view the full WGL Holdings Ratings Report now.

Patterson Companies

Owners of Patterson Companies (NASDAQ: PDCO) shares, as of market close today, will be eligible for a dividend of 22 cents per share. At a price of $45.21 as of 3:59 p.m. ET, the dividend yield is 1.9%.

The average volume for Patterson Companies has been 828,700 shares per day over the past 30 days. Patterson Companies has a market cap of $4.5 billion and is part of the wholesale industry. Shares are down 5.5% year-to-date as of the close of trading on Wednesday.

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Patterson Companies, Inc. distributes dental, veterinary, and rehabilitation supplies. The company has a P/E ratio of 22.00.

TheStreet Ratings rates Patterson Companies as a buy. The company's strengths can be seen in multiple areas, such as its robust revenue growth, largely solid financial position with reasonable debt levels by most measures, growth in earnings per share and notable return on equity. We feel its strengths outweigh the fact that the company has had lackluster performance in the stock itself. You can view the full Patterson Companies Ratings Report now.

More About Dividends:

One benefit of owning a stock is the potential that you will be paid a dividend. The distribution of dividend payments is another way for a company to share its profit with you. A dividend means that the company pays you a certain amount of money, either as a one-time payment or more commonly on a quarterly basis, for each share of stock you own.

Many times, dividends come at the expense of greater price appreciation, because the company is distributing its profits to shareholders rather than reinvesting the profits back into the growth of the company. However, companies that pay dividends can be very attractive to investors when they offer a steady stream of income. There are some important terms and dates an investor should be familiar with before purchasing any dividend-paying companies. Let's work through an example to help better explain some of these terms:

On March 1, ABC Widget Company has decided that because it holds excess cash and lacks investment opportunities, it would like to reward shareholders with a regular quarterly dividend payment. The date for this particular announcement is known as the declaration date. It is on this date that the company announces the specific dividend payment along with the holder-of-record date (aka record date) and the payment date. The company announces that a dividend payment of 25 cents per share will be payable March 31, 2012 (the payment date) to all shareholders of record at the close of business on March 16, 2012 (holder-of-record date). What does this all mean? Well the short story is that the company looks at its records on March 16 and anyone listed on the books as an owner of ABC Widget company will be eligible for the dividend payment (on March 31).

The one other important term to remember is the ex-dividend date. The ex-dividend date (typically two trading days before the holder-of-record date for U.S. securities) is the day in which a company begins trading without the dividend. In order to have a claim on a dividend, shares must be purchased no later than the last business day before the ex-dividend date. A company trading ex-dividend will have the upcoming dividend subtracted from the share price at the start of the trading day. Many times, the price of a stock will increase in anticipation of the upcoming dividend as the ex-dividend date approaches, yet will fall back by the amount of the dividend on the ex-dividend date.