NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- A Hillary Clinton presidency could lead to a slimmed-down financial sector, a higher minimum wage, and potentially clip the wings of some high-flying "gig economy" companies such as Uber.

At least those are some of the central areas that Clinton has focused on so far in her presidential campaign. While experts say many of Clinton's proposals would be difficult to get through a Republican-controlled Congress, here's a closer look at what some of her proposals could mean for the economy.

1. Wall Street

Last week, Clinton unveiled a host of measures to keep Wall Street in check, from strengthening the Volcker Rule to charging a "risk fee" for banks with more than $50 billion in assets. Clinton is determined to split up financial institutions if it means saving the economy from its next crisis.

In a July speech, Clinton said "too big to fail is still too big a problem," referring to what happened during the 2008 financial crisis when the collapse of several huge banks destabilized the entire financial system. 

"Too big to fail is still an issue," said Harry Stein, director of fiscal policy for the Washington, D.C.-based Center for American Progress, a progressive think tank. "Dodd-Frank made progress as banks and large-non banks must submit orderly liquidation plans," but Stein said Clinton's plan would empower regulators to break up banks or direct them to take measures to make their operations safer.

Clinton is also proposing a "risk fee" for some of the nation's biggest banks, which would hit companies such as Citi (C - Get Report) JP Morgan Chase (JPM - Get Report) , and Bank of America (BAC - Get Report) . Analysts say that could have major impact on traders, including more volatility across markets.

"Increasing costs for an organization, additional controls around leverage and increasing the capital banks have makes it more difficult for the larger banks to provide liquidity to the markets," said market structure analyst Larry Tabb, founder of the Westborough, Mass.-based Tabb Group, a financial research firm.

Tabb said large banks will be handcuffed under Clinton's plan, adding that smaller, less-regulated banks will enter the space and take business away from the larger banks.

"I think that there will be fewer large banks (systemically important financial institutions, or SIFIs) playing in the capital markets and more non-banks, which will be firms such as Virtu Financial (VIRT - Get Report) , KCG Holdings (KCG)  and Jefferies, among others," he said. "So fewer complex products managed by fewer larger banks."

Tune in to TheStreet's live coverage of the first Democratic debate, starting tonight at 8:30 PM.

2. Minimum Wage

Clinton supports raising the federal minimum wage to $12 an hour, from its current level of $7.25, saying the nation is "long overdue" for a wage hike.

This almost 66% rise in the minimum would have a disproportionate affect on industries such as restaurants and hotels, said John Canally, chief economic strategist for the San Diego, Calif.-based LPL Financial, an organization of independent financial advisers. 

When New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo raised the minimum wage to $15 an hour in his state this past summer, Dunkin Brands (DNKN - Get Report) CEO Nigel Travis said that would lead to higher prices for consumers

Bill Galston, a senior fellow at the Washington, D.C.-based think tank The Brookings Institution, is a bit more skeptical. "I am not convinced that [raising the minimum wage] will have such a dire effect on companies," he said. "They have lots of room to maneuver -- profits have been near record highs in recent years, so what we're arguing about is the distribution of a surplus from business."

Meanwhile, Stein said hiking the minimum wage puts less burden on the public sector to help those who can't make ends meet. 

"When you have companies paying [such] low wages that people can't support themselves, then the taxpayers end up picking up the slack via public benefits," he said. "Raising the minimum wage would save $56 billion in food stamp costs over 10 years."

Tune in to TheStreet's live coverage of the first Democratic debate, starting tonight at 8:30 PM.


3. The Gig Economy

In a July speech at The New School in New York City, Clinton weighed in on the challenges surrounding the rise of the gig economy. While she didn't mention specific companies, car service app Uber is the classic example. Drivers for Uber aren't full-time employees and work as they please, but don't receive health benefits or vacation.

At the center of the gig economy is a debate over how such workers should be classified: employees or independent contractors?

"I'll crack down on bosses who exploit employees by mis-classifying them as contractors," Clinton said in her speech.

Contingent workers, or those who aren't permanent employees of a company, made up 40.4% of the workforce in 2010, compared to 35.3% in 2006, according to the Government Accountability Office.

"This on-demand or so called gig economy is creating exciting opportunities and unleashing innovation, but it's also raising hard questions about workplace protections and what a good job will look like," Clinton said. 

Uber is all too familiar with the question of how its workers should be classified. In a class action lawsuit, some 160,000 Uber drivers claim the car service giant considers its employees to be contract workers, when they should labeled as employees and thus entitled to benefits such as health insurance.

A win for the plaintiffs would mean steeper costs for Uber, a company that reportedly is worth $51 billion and rumored to go public within two years.  

"I don't think anyone is going to squash those jobs," said Jared Bernstein, senior fellow at the Washington, D.C.-based Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, former chief economist and economic adviser to Vice President Joe Biden and a member of President Obama's economic team. "It's legitimate to be concerned about the stability of those jobs and to be concerned about the extent to which those jobs are covered by labor standards."

Meanwhile, Stein welcomes policy to grapple with the economy's latest and greatest field.

"A lot of policy is built around the thinking that people have stable jobs," Stein added. "So as work becomes less stable, the question is how do you design a policy around that?"

Tune in to TheStreet's live coverage of the first Democratic debate, starting tonight at 8:30 PM.