NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- Want to be rich like Warren Buffett or Donald Trump? A good start could be one of the lucrative jobs on this list. But, be warned, they require a lot of schooling and hard work. 

Not surprisingly, medical professions are some of the highest paying jobs, but a few others, such as a petroleum engineer and data scientist, are also extremely lucrative, according to job search portal CareerCast's in its 2015 list, released Thursday. The top 10 list was culled from the 200 jobs included in CareerCast's annual "Jobs Rated" report, which ranks jobs across North America based on analysis of specific careers factors.

Annual median wages are culled from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Services as well as CareerCast's own methodology. The growth outlook is tracked over a 10-year span from 2012 through 2022 by the BLS.

 

10. Pharmacist
Annual Median Wage: $120,950
Growth Outlook: 14%

Pharmacy is a growing field, particularly as the demand increases for prescription medication (thank you, baby boomers, for living longer).

Pharmacists work in a variety of locations from drug stores to grocery stores or hospitals and clinics. Their tasks are to dispense medication as prescribed by a licensed doctor, but they can also provide tips and advice on healthy living, provide immunizations.

To become a pharmacist, you must have a Doctor of Pharmacy degree and be licensed.

 

 

9. Air Traffic Controller
Annual Median Wage: $122,340
Growth Outlook: 1%

Air traffic controllers ranked ninth highest paying job, but it's one of the most stressful jobs around due to the intense concentration needed.

Air traffic controllers coordinate the movement of airplane traffic to ensure that aircraft stay safe distances apart, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Services. They work in control towers, approach control facilities, or route centers.

Unfortunately the outlook for the industry is stagnant. "Most employment opportunities will result from the need to replace workers who retire or leave the occupation," the BLS said. "Job opportunities will be best for applicants with an air traffic management degree from an FAA-certified school or have an air traffic control background."

 

 

8. Data Scientist
Annual Median Wage: $124,150
Growth Outlook: 15%

Data scientists ranked eighth highest-paying job on CareerCast's list and the outlook for this growing profession is strong.

As more companies harness the use of "big data," a data scientist "represents an evolution from the business or data analyst role," according to IBM  (IBM - Get Report).

Formal training for data scientists includes a "solid foundation" in computer science and applications, as well as statistics, analytics and math, IBM said.

However, "what sets the data scientist apart is strong business acumen, coupled with the ability to communicate findings to both business and IT leaders in a way that can influence how an organization approaches a business challenge," IBM said.

 

7. Orthodontist
Annual Median Wage: $129,110
Growth Outlook: 16%

Orthodontists are dental specialists who diagnose, prevent and treat dental and facial irregularities to correctly align teeth and jaws, according to the American Association of Orthodontists.

Orthodontists are required to go to dental school and then complete two to three years of specialized education in an accredited orthodontic residency program, the association said.

 


6. Petroleum Engineer
Annual Median Wage: $130,050
Growth Outlook: 26%

Petroleum engineers "design and develop methods for extracting oil and gas from deposits below the earth's surface," according to the BLS. While this position is usually in an office or research laboratory, petroleum engineers also spend time at drill sites, often for extended periods.

With a projected growth rate of 26% from 2012-2022, the profession is growing much faster than the average occupation.

Petroleum engineers must have a bachelor's degree in engineering, preferably in petroleum engineering, according to the BLS.


5. Dentist
Annual Median Wage: $146,340
Growth Outlook: 16%

Dentists ranked fifth highest paying job on CareerCast's list. Dentists diagnose and treat problems related to teeth, gums and mouth. These specialized doctors also provide instruction and advice on general oral health. Many dentists are also small business owners and are required to manage a practice as well, according to the BLS.

To enter the profession, would-be dentists must be licensed, which generally requires passing written and practical exams.

 


4. Corporate Executive (Senior Level)
Annual Median Wage: $173,320
Growth Outlook: 11%

While this category is a bit vague, it's always good to have large aspirations. In general, top executives "devise strategies and policies to ensure that an organization meets its goals, according to the BLS. "They plan, direct, and coordinate operational activities of companies and organizations."

But the job is not easy. Top executives tend to work many hours and often travel to see clients and employees. Considerable work experience is the best way to rise to management level.

While the outlook for this profession is about as fast as the occupation average growth outlook, to become an executive competition is extremely strong for jobs.

 

 

3. General Physician
Annual Median Wage: $180,180
Growth Outlook: 18%

Physicians diagnose and treat injuries or illnesses of the physical body. They examine patients, prescribe medication, and order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests, among other things. Physicians can work in private offices, clinics, or hospitals and other medical offices.

An aspiring physician must complete four years of medical school and then an additional three to eight years in internship and residency programs, according to the BLS.

As the health care industry continues to expand, particularly with the aging baby boomer generation, demand for physicians is strong.

 

 

2. Psychiatrist
Annual Median Wage: $181,880
Growth Outlook: 18%

Psychiatrists ranked runner-up for the highest paying job, according to CareerCast.

Psychiatrists specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental health and emotional problems, according to the American Psychiatric Association. They work in several settings, including private practice, hospitals, courts and prisons, nursing homes, government and military settings, and schools, among other places.

The outlook for this profession is strong as a growing attention is giving to mental health among corporations and government agencies. In addition the sad reality of growing addiction problems among adults and youth alike make the profession in much demand.

 

 

1. Surgeon
Annual Median Wage: $352,220
Growth Outlook: 18%

Surgeons ranked CareerCast's highest paying profession. Expanding beyond a physician's role of diagnosing and treating injuries and illness, surgeons operate to treat those diagnoses.

It is a highly skilled and meticulous job that requires many years of schooling -- four years of medical school, and depending on specialty, up to eight years of internships and residency programs.

The profession has a strong growth outlook. As the health care industry continues to expand, particularly with the aging baby boomer generation, demand for surgeons is strong.