In trading on Thursday, shares of the SPDR S&P Metals and Mining ETF ( XME) entered into oversold territory, changing hands as low as $26.10 per share. We define oversold territory using the Relative Strength Index, or RSI, which is a technical analysis indicator used to measure momentum on a scale of zero to 100. A stock is considered to be oversold if the RSI reading falls below 30.In the case of SPDR S&P Metals and Mining, the RSI reading has hit 29.3 — by comparison, the RSI reading for the S&P 500 is currently 55.5. A bullish investor could look at XME's 29.3 reading as a sign that the recent heavy selling is in the process of exhausting itself, and begin to look for entry point opportunities on the buy side. Looking at a chart of one year performance (below), XME's low point in its 52 week range is $25.41 per share, with $44.20 as the 52 week high point — that compares with a last trade of $26.17. SPDR S&P Metals and Mining shares are currently trading off about 0.5% on the day.