NEW YORK (TheStreet) — Recent college graduates should start building their credit as soon as they receive their degrees.
Many graduates are starting from scratch when it comes to building their credit score. A good credit score means consumers can receive a lower interest rate when it comes to obtaining loans to buy a car, get car insurance or hold credit cards.
Graduates who worked during college, obtained a credit card and paid their bills on time have a head start. Creditors look at your credit report to see if you have a history of being able to pay your bills on time.
Here are seven tips to help the 1.8 million graduates avoid any hurdles as they enter the workforce, rent apartments and purchase their first car, according to the National Center for Education Statistics.
If you are obtaining your first credit card alone, your choices might be limited. One option is to ask your parents to co-sign on a low-limit credit card. Opening a secured credit card may also be a good choice, said Roy Nagy, director of USAA Secured Credit Cards, the San Antonio-based financial institution. Some companies have added benefits when you obtain a credit card from them. If you are approved for a secured card from USAA, you can also open a two-year variable rate CD, which allows you to earn interest while also building a positive credit history, he said.
Use Credit To Earn Credit
People who don’t have any credit cards are basically “credit invisible,” said Jeff Golding, CEO of WilliamPaid, a Chicago-based company that allows people to build credit through paying their rent online. “While they may have a good job, a solid income and pay all their bills on time, no one knows that.”
Since the CARD Act was passed in 2009, it placed strict limitations on marketing and issuing credit cards to young adults. Consumers who are younger than 21 must demonstrate their proof of income to be able to pay the debt incurred on card loans. Most people don’t know they need credit until they get rejected when they try to rent an apartment, buy a car or purchase renter’s or auto insurance.
“They are already behind the eight ball because they can’t prove to anyone that they are a low risk,” he said.
Not having a credit card means those consumers lack having a credit score since credit bureaus can not see a history of the consumer paying their debt on time.
“Not having a score can be worse than having a bad score,” Golding said. “If it is bad, the credit bureaus can see some history and get their arms around the risk. Otherwise, it’s like throwing a dart.”
Avoid going over your credit limits and try to maintain low balances by keeping it low at or below 25% of your total credit limit, said Nagy.