SWN: Insiders vs. Shorts

The most recent short interest data was recently released by the NASDAQ for the 04/30/2015 settlement date, and Southwestern Energy Company (SWN) is the #104 most shorted of the S&P 500 components, based on 5.36 "days to cover." There are a number of ways to look at short data, but one metric that we find particularly useful is the "days to cover" because it considers both the total shares short and the average daily volume of shares typically traded. The number of shares short is then divided by the average daily volume, to express the total number of trading days it would take to close out all of the open short positions if every share traded represented a short position being closed.

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In the case of Southwestern Energy Company ( SWN), the total short interest at the 04/30/2015 settlement date was 45,927,038 shares, which compares to the average daily trading volume of just 8,573,112 shares, for a "days to cover" ratio of 5.36.

When short sellers eventually cover their positions, by definition there must be buying activity because a share that is currently sold short must be purchased to be covered. At the present levels of short interest, if from this point forward every single SWN share traded represented a short position being closed, then at the average daily volume of 8,573,112 shares it would only be during the 6th trading day that every short position would be closed.

So it would stand to reason that should some unexpectedly good news come out, and short sellers did not have 6 days of patience but instead wanted to cover their short positions very suddenly, that situation could result in sending the stock higher until the higher price produces enough sellers to generate the necessary volume to close out those positions quickly.

Southwestern Energy Company ( SWN) has something relatively rare for a stock with this much short interest, that being insiders taking the other side of the trade. Looking back over the trailing six month period, SWN has seen 7 different instances of insider buying, as summarized by the table below:

Purchased Insider Title Shares Price/Share Value
01/16/2015 Paul W. Geiger III Sr. Vice Pres. of Subsidiary 20,000 $24.84 $496,740.00
01/21/2015 Alan H. Stevens Director 1,000 $23.00 $23,000.00
01/21/2015 Robert Craig Owen Senior Vice President & CFO 500 $23.00 $11,500.00
01/21/2015 Paul W. Geiger III Sr. Vice Pres. of Subsidiary 16,000 $23.00 $368,000.00
01/21/2015 John D. Gass Director 5,000 $23.00 $115,000.00
01/21/2015 Terry W. Rathert Director 5,000 $23.00 $115,000.00
01/21/2015 Steven L. Mueller CHAIRMAN AND CEO 15,000 $23.00 $345,000.00
01/21/2015 John C. Ale SR. VP AND GENERAL COUNSEL 2,000 $23.00 $46,000.00

Below is a chart showing the "days to cover" for SWN over time:

Loading+chart++2015+TickerTech.com

And looking at the chart below, SWN's low point in its 52 week range is $21.46 per share, with $47.70 as the 52 week high point — that compares with a last trade of $26.72.

Southwestern Energy Company Moving Averages Chart

In recent trading, shares of Southwestern Energy Company ( SWN) were changing hands at $26.72/share.

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