PALM BEACH (TheStreet) -- "Never make predictions, especially about the future." -- Casey Stengel
It's that time of the year again!
By means of background, 12 years ago, I set out and prepared a list of possible surprises for the coming year, taking a page out of the estimable Byron Wien's playbook, who originally delivered his list while chief investment strategist at Morgan Stanley then Pequot Capital Management and now at Blackstone. (Byron Wien's list will be out in early January and it will be fun to compare our surprises.) I often speak to and get input from some of the wise men and women that I know in the investment and media businesses.
I set out as a primary objective for my Surprise List (see 2014) to deliver a critical and variant view relative to consensus -- that can provide alpha or excess returns. Economic and stock market histories have proven that (more often than generally thought) consensus expectations of critical economic and market variables may be off base.
Below I outline the lessons I've learned over the years, how my predictions have historically done, what the consensus is for 2015 and my rationale for my 15 surprises. It's useful background in understanding the markets in 2015. That said, to jump to the first 2015 surprise (and how to take advantage of it), click here.
Lessons Learned Over the Years
"I'm astounded by people who want to 'know' the universe when it's hard enough to find your way around Chinatown." -- Woody Allen
There are five core lessons I have learned over the course of my investing career that form the foundation of my annual surprise lists:
1. how wrong conventional wisdom can consistently be;
2. that uncertainty will persist;
3. to expect the unexpected;
4. that the occurrence of black swan events are growing in frequency; and
5. with rapidly changing conditions, investors can't change the direction of the wind, but we can adjust our sails (and our portfolios) in an attempt to reach our destination of good investment returns.
It is important to note that my surprises are not intended to be predictions but rather events that have a reasonable chance of occurring despite being at odds with the consensus. I call these "possible improbable" events. In sports, betting my surprises would be called an "overlay," a term commonly used when the odds on a proposition are in favor of the bettor rather than the house.
The real purpose of this endeavor is a practical one -- that is, to consider positioning a portion of my portfolio in accordance with outlier events, with the potential for large payoffs on small wagers and investments. If I succeed in making you think (and possibly position) for outlier events, then my endeavor has been worthwhile.
How Did My Surprise List for 2014 Do?
In 2014 my success rate was at about 40% (which included five also ran predictions), in line with my historical average but in contrast with my 15 surprises for 2013, which had the poorest success rate since 2005's list (20%). By comparison, my 2012 surprise list achieved about a 50% hit ratio, similar to 2011. Click here to the last slide to see a report card of my 15 surprises for 2014 (and the five "also ran" surprises).
What Was the Consensus for 2014 and What is the Consensus for 2015?
"The only thing people are worried about is that no one is worried about anything.... That isn't a real worry." -- Adam Parker, chief U.S. strategist at Morgan Stanley
"In ambiguous situations, it's a good bet that the crowd will generally stick together -- and be wrong." -- Doug Sherman and William Hendricks
As mentioned earlier we entered 2014 there was a generally upbeat outlook for global economic and profit growth as well as upbeat prospects for the U.S. stock market. Projections for bond yields were universally for higher yields throughout the year -- the same could be said for the general expectation of rising oil prices. As is typical, most sell-side projections for earnings, the economy, bond yields and stock prices were grouped in an extraordinarily tight range.
• Both U.S. and global economic growth disappointed the consensus (despite a strong third-quarter 2014 U.S. GDP print).
• S&P earnings were a slight beat but only because of more aggressive than anticipated share repurchase programs, lower depreciation and interest expenses and a decline in effective tax rates.
• Bond yields declined unexpectedly -- the ten year yield dropped from 3.05% to about 2.20%.
• Deflationary forces were also a surprise -- most notably no one projected that oil prices would fall to under $60/barrel and that the Bloomberg Commodity Index would hit a five year low in Dec. 2014.
• Stock prices ended the year about five percent above beginning-of-the-year consensus forecasts.
Virtually all strategists are now self-confident bulls, as gloom-and-doom forecasts have all but disappeared. After another year with no reactions of 10% or more, any future setbacks are being viewed by the consensus as "bumps in the road" and as opportunities to buy because (after the correction(s)) we will be "up up and away."
After missing the 25% rise in valuations in 2013 (and a further expansion in price-to-earnings ratios in 2014), the consensus now assumes that valuations will expand slightly again in 2015. (Note: The average price-to-earning ratio has increased by about 2% per year over the last 25 years.)
The domestic economy has forward momentum (as witnessed by 5% Real GDP growth in the third quarter of 2014) -- so the extrapolation of heady growth is now in full force by the consensus.
In terms of the markets, the consensus remains of the view that liquidity (albeit, at a slowing rate) will overcome complacency and valuations again as it did last year, but my surprises incorporate the notion that the extremes that exist today (in price and bullish sentiment) put the markets in a different and less secure starting point in 2015.
"We expect the growth recovery to broaden as global growth picks up to 3.4% in 2015 from 3% in 2014. Inflation is likely to remain low, in part due to declines in commodity prices, and as a result monetary policy should remain easy. We think this backdrop supports a pro-risk asset allocation." -- Goldman Sachs, Global Opportunity Asset Locator (December, 2014)
As we enter 2015, investors and strategists are again grouped in a narrow consensus and expect a sweet spot of global economic corporate profit growth that will translate to higher stock prices.
The consensus is for U.S. economic growth of 2.5% to 3.25% Real GDP, bond yields to be 50-to-75 basis points higher than year-end 2014 and closing 2015 stock market price targets to be up by about 8% to 10% (on average). Indeed, most strategists suggest (in sharp contrast to their views 12 months ago) that the big surprise for 2015 will be that there is upside to consensus economic growth and stock market price targets.
Here were Goldman Sach's views for 2014 made twelve months ago (with actuals in parentheses). As can be seen, the brokerage's growth forecasts for the real economy (as was the entire sell side) were too optimistic, while price targets for the S&P Index were not ambitious enough:
• U.S. real GDP was estimated at 3.1% for 2014 (2.4%);
• Global real GDP was estimated at 3.6% for 2014 (3.0%)
• S&P 500 earnings-per-share -- $116 top-down estimate and $119 bottom-up estimate for 2014 ($119 share)
• Year-end 2014 S&P 500 price target was estimated at $1,900 ($2,080)
• Inflation/headline CPI, 1.5% for 2014 (1.1%)
• U.S 10-year Treasury yield 3.25% for year end 2014 (2.20%)
Again, let's use Goldman Sachs' principal 2015 views of expected economic growth, corporate profits, inflation, interest rates and stock market performance as a proxy for the consensus for the coming year. This year the brokerage, like most, is following the bullish trend and is more optimistic on the market relative to their uninspiring expectations last year:
• 2015/2016 U.S. Real GDP growth: 3.1%, 3.0%
• 2015/2016 Global Real GDP growth: 3.6%, 3.9%
• 2015 S&P 500 operating per share profits: $122/share
• Year-end 2015 S&P 500 price target: $2,100
• 2015 Consumer Prices: 1.0%, 2.4%
• 2015 closing yield on the U.S. 10-year Treasury note: 3.00%
The Rationale Behind My Downbeat Surprises for 2015
There are numerous reasons for my downbeat theme this year. Below are a few (in no order of importance): corporate profit margins remain elevated, the rate of domestic economic growth is decelerating (despite five years of QE and ZIRP), a quarter of the world is experiencing minimum growth in GDP, optimism and complacency are elevated, signs of malinvestment are appearing, valuations (price-to-earnings ratios) rose again after a 25% expansion in 2013 (compared to only 2% annual growth since the late-1980s. As well so many gauges of valuations are stretched (Market Cap/GDP, the Shiller price-to-earnings ratio, and many others).
Above all, I expect the theme of the U.S. as an "oasis of prosperity" will be tested in 2015 and 2016.
Moreover, given the large array of potentially adverse economic, geopolitical and other outcomes - the markets have grown complacent after a trebling in prices over the last five years.
Finally, my downbeat surprises this year recognize, that as we enter 2015, we should not lose sight of the notion that if pessimism is the friend of the rational buyer, optimism is the enemy of the rational buyer.
My 15 Surprises for 2015
At last, here are my 15 surprises for 2015 (with a strategy that might be employed in order for an investor to profit from the occurrence of these possible improbables).
1. Faith in central bankers is tested (stocks sink and gold soars).
"Investment bubbles and high animal spirits do not materialize out of thin air. They need extremely favorable economic fundamentals together with free and easy, cheap credit and they need it for at least two or three years. Importantly, they also need serial pleasant surprises in such criticial variables as global GNP growth." -- Jeremy Grantham
"The highly abnormal is becoming uncomfortably normal. Central banks and markets have been pushing benchmark sovereign yields to extraordinary lows -- unimaginable just a few years back. Three-year government bond yields are well below zero in Germany, around zero in Japan and below 1 per cent in the United States. Moreover, estimates of term premia are pointing south again, with some evolving firmly in negative territory. And as all this is happening, global growth -- in inflation-adjusted terms -- is close to historical averages. There is something vaguely troubling when the unthinkable becomes routine." -- Claudio Borio
European QE Backfires: The ECB initiates a sovereign QE in January 2015, but it is modest in scale (relative to expectations) as Germany won't permit a more aggressive strategy. Markets are disappointed with the small size of the ECB's initiative and European banks choose to hold their bonds instead of selling. ECB balance sheet still can't get to 3 trillion euros and the euro actually rallies sharply. Bottom line, QE fails to work (economic growth doesn't accelerate and inflationary expectations don't lift).
Draghi Is Exposed: Mario Draghi is exposed for what he really is: the big kid of which everyone is scared. For some time, no one wanted to fight him (or fade sovereign debt bonds, which would be contra to his policy). But, after the meek January QE, the response changes. He is now seen as the bully who never throws a punch and who always has gotten his way. But at the time of the January QE a medium-sized kid (and a market participant) teases him and Draghi warns him again to stop it. The kid keeps teasing. Draghi the bully takes a swing, it turns out he can't fight and the medium-sized kid whips his butt. From then on, the big kid is feared no more. For some time Draghi has said he will do "whatever it takes," but he never really had to do anything. When he finally gets going and has to act rather than talk, he will expose himself as only a bully and as a weak big kid. Mario Draghi gets fed up with the Germans and returns to Italy (where he was governor of the Bank of Italy between 2006-2011) and becomes the country's president.
Shinzo Abe and Haruhiko Kuroda Resign: Kuroda, an advocate of looser monetary policy, stays on at the Bank of Japan (for most of the year), but the yen enters freefall to 140 vs. the dollar and wage growth lags badly. Japanese people have had enough and, by year end, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Haruhiko Kuroda are forced to resign.
The Fed Is Trapped: The Federal Reserve surprises the markets and hikes the federal funds rate in April 2015. A modest 25-basis-point rise in rates causes such global market turmoil that it is the only hike made all year. The Federal Reserve is now viewed by market participants as completely trapped, as an ah-ha-moment arrives in which there is limited policy flexibility to cope with a steepening downturn in the business cycle in late 2015/early 2016. Stated simply, the bull market in confidence in the Federal Reserve comes to an abrupt halt.
Malinvestment Becomes the It-Word in 2015: Steeped in denial of past mistakes and bathing in the buoyancy of liquidity and the elevation of stock prices in 2014, market participants come to the realization that the world's central bankers in general, and the Fed in particular, once again has taken us down an all-too-familiar and dangerous path that previously set the stage for The Great Decession of 2007-09. It becomes clear that the consequences of unprecedented monetary easing and the repression of interest rates has only invited unproductive investment and speculative carry trades. The impact of a lengthy period of depressed interest rates uncork malinvestment that has percolated and detonates among differing asset classes as the year progresses. Already seen in the deterioration and heightened volatility in commodities (the price of crude, copper, etc.), in widening spreads in the energy high yield (with yields up to 10% today, compared with only 5% a few months ago) and with the average yield on the SPDR Barclays High Yield Bond ETF (JNK) up to 7% (from a low of 5% earlier in 2014), the consequences of financial engineering (zero-interest-rate policy and quantitative easing) and lack of attention to burgeoning country debt loads and central bankers' balance sheets, in addition to inertia on the fiscal front result in rising volatility in the currency markets. Malinvestment in countries like Brazil (where consumer debt has risen by 8x and export accounts have quintupled over the last eight years on the strength of a peaking export boom, in oil and iron ore, so dependent on the China infrastructure story that has now ended) translate into a deepening economic crisis in Latin America and in other emerging markets.
Then, EU sovereign debt yields, suppressed so long by Draghi's jawboning, begin to rise. Slowly at first and then more rapidly, EU bond prices fall, putting intense pressure on the entire European banking system. (In his greatest score, George Soros makes $2.5 billion shorting German Bunds). The contagion spreads to other region's financial institutions. Shortly after, social media and high valuation stocks get routed and, ultimately, so does the world's stock markets.
As a result of the influences above, the VIX rises above 30. The price of gold soars to $1,800-to-$2000 and the precious metal is the best-performing asset class for all of 2015.
2. The U.S. stock market falters in 2015.
"In a theater, it happened that a fire started offstage. The clown came out to tell the audience. They thought it was a joke and applauded. He told them again and they became more hilarious. This is the way, I suppose, that the world will be destroyed -- amid the universal hilarity of wits and wags who think it is all a joke." -- Soren Kierkegaard.
Market high seen in January, low seen in December (at Year End): The U.S. stock market experiences a 10% loss for the full year. (Note: Not one single strategist in Barron's Survey is calling for a lower stock market in 2015. Projected gains by the sell side are between 6% and 16%, with a median market gain forecasted at 11%). The S&P Index makes its yearly high in the first quarter and closes 2015 at its yearly low as signs of a deepening global economic slowdown intensify in the June-December period.
While earnings expectations disappoint, the real source of the market decline in 2015 is a contraction in valuations (price-earnings multiples) after several years of robust gains. Investors begin to recognize that low interest rates, massive corporate buybacks, the suppression of wages, phony stock option accounting and other factors artificially goosed reported earnings and that earnings power and organic earnings are less than previously thought. So, 2015 is a year in which the relevant ways of measuring overvaluation (market cap/GDP currently at 1.25 vs. 0.70 mean) and the Shiller CAPE ratio (currently at 27x vs. 17x mean) become, well, relevant.
With few having the intestinal fortitude to maintain skepticism and short positions into the unrelenting bull market of 2013-14, there is none of the customary support of short sellers to cover positions and soften the market decline, when it occurs.
Stocks begin to drop in the first half, well before the real economy tapers, underscoring the notion (often forgotten) that the stock market is not the economy.
But by mid-year it becomes clear that U.S. economic growth is unable to thrive without the Fed's support.
Year-over-year profits for the S&P decline modestly in the second half of 2015. Domestic Real GDP growth falls to under 1.5% in the third and fourth quarters.
By year end the market begins to focus on The Recession of 2016-17, which looms ahead in the not so distant future.
Strategy: Short (SPY)
3. The drop in oil prices fails to help the economy.
"In its November 14, 2014 Daily Observations ("The Implications of $75 Oil for the US Economy"), the highly respected hedge fund Bridgewater Associates, LP confirmed that lower oil prices will have a negative impact on the economy. After an initial transitory positive impact on GDP, Bridgewater explains that lower oil investment and production will lead to a drag on real growth of 0.5% of GDP. The firm noted that over the past few years, oil production and investment have been adding about 0.5% to nominal GDP growth but that if oil levels out at $75 per barrel, this would shift to something like -0.7% over the next year, creating a material hit to income growth of 1-1.5%." -- Mike Lewitt, The Credit Strategist
Despite the near-universal view that lower oil prices will benefit the economy, the reverse turns out to be the case in 2015 as the economy as a whole may not have more money -- it might have less money.
Continued higher costs for food, rent, insurance, education, etc. eat up the benefit of lower oil prices. Some of the savings from lower oil is saved by the consumer who is frightened by slowing domestic growth, a slowdown in job creation and a deceleration in the rate of growth in wages and salaries.
And the unfavorable drain on oil-related capital spending and lower-employment levels serve to further drain the benefits of lower gasoline and heating oil prices.
In The Financial Times, recently, Martin Wolf wrote: "(A) $40 fall in the price of oil represents a shift of roughly $1.3 trillion (close to 2 per cent of world gross output) from producers to consumers annually. This is significant. Since, on balance, consumers are also more likely to spend quickly than producers, this should generate a modest boost to world demand."
But Wolf, and the many other observers, as Mike Lewitt again reminds us, "fail to explain how the $1.3 trillion that has been deducted from the global economy is able to shift from one group to another."
4. The mother of all flash crashes.
"America is the 'arch criminal' and 'unchangeable principal enemy' of North Korea." (Dec. 22, 2014)
"America is a 'toothless wolf' and 'the empire of devils." (March 27, 2010)
"North Korean missiles will reduce Washington, D.C. to 'ashes.'" (August 19, 2014)
"America is a 'group of Satan' bent on destroying Korean religion." (April 22, 2013)
"American 'ideological and cultural poisoning' is undermining socialism around the world." (July 16, 2014)
-- Selected quotes from North Korea's state controlled media
Hackers attack the NYSE and Nasdaq computer apparatus and systems by introducing a flood of fictitious sell orders that result in a flash crash that dwarfs anything ever seen in history.
In the space of one hour the S&P Index falls by more than 5%.
The identity of the attacker goes unknown for several days and it turns out to be North Korea.
5. The great three-decade bull market in bonds is over in 2015.
"Take then thy bond thou thy pound of flesh..." -- Portia, The Merchant of Venice
Last year not one strategist saw lower interest rates (though that was my No. 1 Surprise last year). This year, not one strategist expects a spike in interest rates.
In the first half of 2015, European yields and U.S. yields start to converge, in that European yields begin to jump to where the U.S. 10-year yield resides. The failure of Draghi's policy (see Surprise No. 1) will result in an acceleration in the European debt yields rising and in a decay in debt prices. That will mark the end of the great three-decade bond bull market in the U.S. and it will occur as global growth eases.
6. China devalues its currency by more than 3% vs. the U.S. dollar.
"It's not like I'm anti-China. I just think it's ridiculous that we allow them to do what they're doing to this country, with the manipulation of the currency, that you write about and understand, and all of the other things that they do." -- Donald Trump
For years, China has essentially pegged it's currency to the U.S. dollar. (liberalization meant that a narrow trading range is permitted). With the huge run in the U.S. Dollar, China's currency has appreciated compared with other Asian currencies. As a result, China has lost its manufacturing edge and its trade surplus has all but disappeared. Whether it's a permitted day-to-day weakening, changing the peg from the dollar to a basket of currencies or whether there is an overnight surprise devaluation, China's currency will weaken materially in 2015.
7. Apple (AAPL) becomes the first $1 trillion company.
"There's an old Wayne Gretzky quote that I love. 'I skate to where the puck is going to be, not where it has been.' And we've always tried to do that at Apple. Since the very, very beginning. And we always will." -- Steve Jobs
Apple's next generation iPhone is seen to likely outsell its latest phone iteration as Re/Code uncovers some amazing and unique new features/applications that are planned for the next generation phone.
I don't know what features it will have or how it will improve design or performance. But I think there is now a near-consensus that it won't and that the next product upgrade cycle is a while away.
So, I predict Apple 2016 estimates rise significantly (to $10/share) and, despite a weak market backdrop, Apple becomes the first $1 trillion dollar market-cap company and the best-performing large-cap in 2015.
Apple becomes the only one-decision stock during the stock market swoon during the last half of 2015. It is a must own.
Strategy: Buy (APPL)
8. Legislation is introduced that allows for repatriation for foreign cash.
"The only difference between death and taxes is that death doesn't get worse every time Congress meets." -- Will Rogers
As signs of domestic economic growth fade in the second half of 2015, Congress and the Administration agree on a broad program to repatriate foreign cash at a low tax rate.
The deal briefly rallies the U.S. stock market, but equities soon succumb to a slowing domestic economy and diminishing corporate profit growth.
9. Energy goes from the worst-performing group in 2014 to the best-performing group in the first half of 2015 and then falls back later in the year.
"Oil vey!" -- Kass Daily Diary term
Energy stocks are on a roller coaster in 2015.
As the price of crude oil rises steadily (towards $65 a barrel) in early 2015, the energy sector (which was among the worst in 2014) becomes the best market group in the first half of the year. Slowing global economic growth during the last half of the year leads to profit-taking in the energy sector as the price of crude oil closes the year at under $50 and at its lowest price in 2015.
In a surprise move, the president signs approval for the Keystone Pipeline in the second half of the year.
Strategy: Buy oil stocks in first six months of the year, sell/short mid-year.
10. More chaos in the Democratic Party.
"Mothers all want their sons to grow up to be president, but they don't want them to become politicians in the process." -- John F. Kennedy
Sen. Elizabeth Warren pushes Secretary Hillary Clinton so far to the left that she loses independent voters, though she easily gains the Democratic nomination for president.
Former President George H.W. Bush passes away during the first half of the year and Governor Jeb Bush immediately declares his candidacy.
By the end of 2015, Jeb Bush is well ahead in the polls and is a big favorite to win the presidency in 2016.
11. Food inflation accelerates after Russia halts wheat exports.
"As life's pleasures go, food is second only to sex. Except for salami and eggs. Now that's better than sex, but only if the salami is thickly sliced." -- Alan King
Russian turmoil continues and Putin decides to halt exports of wheat again to keep as much homeland as possible, resulting in a price spike in wheat, but also corn and soybeans. This price rise, on top of U.S. food inflation that is already running higher, offsets the consumer benefit of still-relatively-low gasoline and heating oil prices.
12. Home prices fall in the second half of 2015.
"I told my mother-in-law that my house was her house and she said, 'Get the hell off my property.'" -- Joan Rivers
Under the weight of reduced home affordability, still-low household formation gains and continued pressure on real incomes, home prices fall in 2015.
Builders lose pricing power.
Strategy: Short homebuilders.
13. Individual and sector market surprises.
"Those who are easily shocked should be shocked more often." -- Mae West
• Bank Stocks Fall -- Though bank stocks have been recent market leaders, the weight of a flattening yield curve, still-tepid loan demand and an implosion in the European banking system make the sector among the worst market performers. Moreover, a major cyber attack against Bank of America (BAC) that actually destroys a percentage of customer records further diminishes enthusiasm for the group.
• Twitter (TWTR) Feeding -- Carl Icahn, calling it his "new Netflix," discloses a 9.9% position in Twitter. This stimulates a bidding war between Google (GOOG) and Facebook (FB) to acquire the company. Google wins the battle and pays $60 a share for Twitter.
• Volatility Rising -- The (VIX.X) rises to over 30 in the second half of the year.
• Google Institutes a Share Buyback and Shaves Capital Spending -- After a lackluster performance in 2014, Google's management reverses course on its previously outsized capital spending program on non-core businesses and becomes more shareholder friendly. The company dials back spending and institutes a stock buyback program.
• Corporate Inefficiency in Large-Cap Technology Targets Activist Investors --- Two hedge funds establish a filing position in Cisco (CSCO) and force Chairman John Chambers out. The new CEO announces a large special dividend and a massive stock buyback and a cutback to the employees' too-generous stock option plan. More than 10% of the workforce is laid off and Cisco's shares soar. Several other tech companies are targeted.
14. Berkshire Hathaway (BRK.A) makes its largest acquisition in history.
"When I was 15 years old, I read an articles about Ivan Boesky, the well-known takeover trader -- turned out years later it was all on inside information! But before that came to light, he was very successful, very flamboyant. And I thought, 'This is what I want to do.' So I'm 15 years old, I decide I'm going to Wall Street." -- Karen Finerman
During the depths of the market's swoon in the later part of the year, Warren Buffett scoops up his largest acquisition ever. The $55+ billion acquisition is not in his customary comfort zone (a consumer goods company), but rather the deal is for a company in the energy, retail or construction/equipment areas.
15. A derivative blowup precipitates an abrupt market drop.
"I view derivatives as time bombs, both for the parties that deal in them and the economic system." -- Warren Buffett
The $300 trillion holdings of derivatives by the U.S. banking industry has been all but forgotten.
The four-largest U.S. banks account for $240 trillion of that total, dwarfing their combined $750 billion in statutory capital! This sort of exposure in which notional derivatives are more than 300 times the banks' net worth, is, as my friend The Credit Strategist's Mike Lewitt has written, "would be laughable if the consequences of a financial accident were not so potentially catastrophic."
To make matters worse, the passage of the $1.1 trillion spending bill passed this month (written by lobbyists and voted on by bought-and-paid-for legislators who probably neither read nor understood the complex spending bill) has kept taxpayers on the hook -- through the FDIC -- for those derivatives (what Warren Buffett previously called "financial weapons of mass destruction.")
On any measure, the sheer size of these derivative portfolios pose potential risk to the world's financial stability. What we have learned from the past cycle is how opaque the exposure really is and how stupid and avaricious our bankers really are when allowed to venture into territories of leverage.
Whether it is energy derivatives or some other asset class, a derivative blowup in 2015 will serve to preserve the wise words of two-time British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli that "what we have learned from history is that we haven't learned from history."
It will also harm our markets, once again.
Strategy: Short (SPY)
Below is a report card of my 15 surprises for 2014 (and the five "also ran" surprises):
Surprise No. 1: Slowing global economic growth. RIGHT
Surprise No. 2: Corporate profits disappoint. HALF RIGHT (as financial engineering buoyed earnings-per-share)
Surprise No. 3: Stock prices and price-to-earnings multiples decline. WRONG
Surprise No. 4: Bonds outperform stocks. Closed end municipal bond funds are among the best asset classes, achieving a total return of 15%. VERY RIGHT
Surprise No. 5: A number of major surprises affect individual stocks and sectors. (Starbucks falls, 3-D printing stocks halve in price, General Motors drops by 20% in 2014) More WRONG THAN RIGHT
Surprise No. 6: Volkswagen AG acquires Tesla Motors (TSLA) . WRONG
Surprise No. 7: Twitter's shares fall by 70% as a disruptive competitor appears. MORE RIGHT THAN WRONG
Surprise No. 8: Buffett names successor. WRONG
Surprise No. 9: Bitcoin becomes a roller coaster. RIGHT
Surprise No. 10: The Republican Party gains control of the Senate and maintains control of the House. Obama becomes a lame duck President incapable of launching policy initiatives. RIGHT
Surprise No. 11: Secretary Hillary Clinton bows out as a presidential candidate. WRONG
Surprise No. 12: Social unrest and riots appear in the U.S. RIGHT
Surprise No. 13: Africa becomes a new hotbed of turmoil and South Africa precipitates an emerging debt crisis. HALF RIGHT
Surprise No. 14: The next big thing? A marijuana IPO rises by more than 400% on its first day of trading WRONG
Surprise No. 15: An escalation of friction between China and Japan hints at war-like behavior between the two countries. WRONG
"Also Ran" Surprises: Crude oil trades under $75/barrel (Short Crude and Energy Stocks) RIGHT, (VIX.X) trades under 10.0 (Short VIX) RIGHT, Gold trades under $1,000 (Short GLD) DIRECTIONALLY RIGHT