As a driver, you can forget about greed and gluttony. Instead, you need to beware of other deadly sins that could mean you'll have a devil of a time when it comes to purchasing auto insurance. If you commit one of these sins -- which range from driving under the influence to letting your auto insurance lapse -- you can expect your insurance rates to soar. Having one of these black marks on your record can mean your insurer will move you from being a standard or preferred driver, who pays lower rates, into the high-risk category.
Driving under the influencePerhaps the deadliest sin of all when it comes to jacking up your auto insurance rates is a DUI conviction. You'll typically be considered a high-risk driver by your auto insurance company for between three and seven years if you have a DUI on your record. Some states have laws on the books that require your insurer to consider your DUI for a certain number of years when the company sets rates. (See “ DUI and car insurance: What comes next?”) "It's not unusual to assume someone with a DUI would pay twice as much for insurance as someone without a DUI, all things being equal," says David Suarez, director of marketing for Mercury Insurance. In fact, based on an analysis of rates from six major insurers commissioned by Insurance.com through Quadrant Information Services, the average increase after a DUI is 82 percent. Where you live makes a difference, and so does your car insurance company. After a DUI conviction, a sample California driver - a 40-year-old man with a previously clean record insuring a new Honda Accord -- could pay as little as $2,605 or as much as $5,366 a year, depending on his ZIP code and his insurer.
Driving recklesslyWhile reckless driving laws vary from state to state, it generally means driving in "willful or wanton disregard" for the safety of people or property. Several states classify reckless driving that injures another person as a felony.
Being convicted of the charge is viewed as a big no-no by auto insurance companies."It's often looked at as just as bad as a DUI," Suarez says. Major moving violations can have far-reaching effects that go beyond what you pay for car insurance, hurting your credit, your job prospects and even your right to vote. (See “ 12 ways your driving record can screw up your life.”)
Having a bad driving recordStart racking up the auto accidents or major moving violations, and you'll be propelled into the high-risk category. If you have three tickets or accidents, or a combination of three tickets and accidents within three years, you'll typically be considered a high-risk driver, says Penny Gusner, consumer analyst at Insure.com. If you're clocked going 10 or 15 mph over the speed limit, your rates most likely won't climb. But if you have three major speeding tickets, your rates could be accelerating like your speedometer, Suarez says. Insurance.com data show that the average rate increase for two speeding tickets 10 mph or more over the limit is 37 percent nationwide. In states such as California, where a good driver discount is required by law for those with no more than a single violation, that second violation costs the driver that 20 percent break as well.
Being a serial sinnerTypically, you'll be able to work your way out of the high-risk pool and be considered a standard driver within a few years, but that's not always the case. If you don't behave behind the wheel, you'll be considered high-risk for years, with even minor infractions having a big impact on your rates. For example, a 33-year-old Washington man with a clean record who buys a new Toyota Prius would pay $1,260 a year for full coverage if he chose the least expensive option in Insurance.com's car insurance quote-comparison tool. The same man would pay:
- $1,988 if he has had a DUI in last 12 months
- $1,606 with a DUI four years ago
- $1,902 with 4-year-old DUI plus a recent speeding ticket
Failing to pay your insurance billCompared to drunken driving, it may seem like a minor sin to skip paying your auto insurance bill and letting your policy lapse. But it will cost you big with your car insurance company.
By going without auto insurance, you'll have to pay nonstandard rates when you take out a new policy.After six months of continuous coverage, you should again receive standard auto insurance rates, Suarez says. (See “ When you forget to pay the car insurance bill.”) Insurance.com data show the average increase in rates for a 60-day lapse in coverage is 11 percent.
Having a crummy credit scoreIt may seem totally irrelevant in terms of your driving, but auto insurers generally look at your credit when it comes time to set your rates. Research has found that drivers with lower credit-based insurance scores tend to file more claims than those who have great credit scores. Only California, Massachusetts and Hawaii prohibit car insurance companies from using credit scores to help determine what you'll pay. Everywhere else, Insurance.com data show that the average increase in rates for someone in “Fair” credit territory is 17 percent; those with a “Poor” rating see an average increase of 67 percent. (See “ Fix your credit - and your car insurance.”)
Driving the wrong kind of carAuto insurance is less about your car than the person behind the wheel. “Going to a boring four-door sedan is not going to fix the problem if the problem is the driver,” says Des Toups, Insurance.com managing editor. That doesn't mean your car doesn't matter at all. Insurance companies look at patterns. If people who drive a certain model of car file claims more frequently, then everyone who buys that car pays more. For example, the relatively inexpensive four-cylinder Scion TC, a favorite with younger drivers, would cost $1,622 a year to insure, on average, for a 40-year-old with a clean record. But the baby-boomer favorite Mustang GT - with more than 400 horsepower - would cost the same driver $1,597.
You can see the least-expensive new models to insure at Insure.com.