NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- The social unrest in Ferguson, Mo. shows why Fannie Mae ( FNMA) and Freddie Mac ( FMCC) are still needed to keep home ownership affordable for many Americans, banking analyst Dick Bove said Wednesday.
The government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) purchase home mortgages and then securitize them for sale on the secondary market, making mortgages cheaper and easier to get. The financial crisis of 2008, however, required the U.S. government to bail out both Fannie and Freddie, prompting President Obama's stated goal of winding down the two agencies.
"The riots in Ferguson City may have been set off by a police incident, but a look at the basic statistics of the city suggest that deep-seated economic and demographic issues may really be at the heart of the trouble," wrote Bove, an analyst at Rafferty Capital Markets, in a report published Wednesday.
Bove believes if the unrest in Ferguson spreads to other parts of the country, Congress will respond with legislation ensuring the GSEs continue to exist so many Americans can continue to obtain 20- and 30-year mortgages.
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"The housing industry in the United States is in all probability the largest subsidized industry in the country," Bove wrote. "The reason that the industry is so heavily subsidized is social unrest."
Bove pointed to social upheavals after the Great Depression that led to the creation of Fannie Mae as well as numerous housing subsidies, including the 20-year fixed-rate mortgage, the Federal Housing Authority and FDIC insured deposits. It was riots in the 1960s that led to the creation of Freddie Mac in 1970, he contended.
In a follow-up phone interview with TheStreet, the analyst expressed surprise that President Obama and several members of both major parties in Congress have proposed eliminating Fannie and Freddie through legislation such as the Housing Finance Reform and Taxpayer Protection Act. That bill, better known as Johnson Crapo, passed the Senate Banking Committee and attracted more support than any other legislation aimed at determining the future of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. Still, it died in the Senate after several key Democrats refused to sign it.
Among the centrists who have supported the wind down of Fannie and Freddie is Rick Lazio, a New York Republican who served four terms in Congress from 1993-2001 and became chairman of the House Banking Subcommittee on Housing and Community Opportunity.