Wills and “estate plans” are in the headlines these days with the death of Michael Jackson. And his estate planning demonstrates why you need to do more than write a simple will.
Most commentators don’t understand that Jackson’s will was a well thought-out document. It contained only what is minimally required of a will, which explains why it was only five pages long! And only the will must go through the public process of probate, which allowed fans to see his intentions.
But the critical information was hidden inside a living trust – the Jackson Family Trust – which contained all his instructions for disbursing his wealth, and the name of his successor trustee who is empowered to handle that process. So maybe Michael’s father, Joe, did inherit some money. Or maybe he didn’t. The public will never know!
Michael Jackson’s will dealt <<publicly>> only with issues required of a will – including custody of his children, specific provisions to exclude an inheritor (in his case, his ex-wife Deborah Rowe), the naming of executors, and the transfer of any assets not already named in the living trust into the trust.
That last part will be problematic. If there are claims against Jackson’s estate, only the assets remaining <<outside>> of the trust will be exposed to creditors’ claims. Since Jackson had good legal advice, it is certain that he re-titled most of his major assets in the name of his living trust. That would likely include the ownership of any real property, and probably the ownership of valuable items such as his share of the Beatles songbook.
How a Trust Protects Assets
If these assets were owned by the trust, and not by him personally, it will be harder for creditors to attach them to repay his personal debts. Once the grantor of the trust dies, the successor trustee takes over. The trust is now considered an irrovacable trust. Assuming that all the major assets were retitled in the name of the trust when it was created, or when they were purchased, the successor trustee has the responsibilty of distributing them per the instructions that the grantor made clear in the trust.
One additional benefit of the trust, according to estate planning attorney Mark Bischoff of Chicago, is that it gives an added degree of protection from creditors. While he does not know the specifics of the Michael Jackson Family Trust, and the protection would also depend on the state law where the trust was created, Bischoff says: “Attacking a trust may be problematic for Mr. Jackson’s creditors. If he incurred his reputed substantial debt as an individual, but maintained most of his assets within his living trust, after his death the creditors may not be able to reach those assets. Additionally, the timing of placing the assets in the trust will be important in determining whether they are protected from creditors.”
Bischoff specializes in not only creating these trusts as part of estate plans, but in litigating estate and trust disputes. He says: “Many clients put a ‘no-contest’ clause in the trust, so that if an individual contests the trust, they will lose any benefits from the trust.” That portion of the law is still evolving, he notes. But adds that disputing the terms of a trust is more complex than contesting the actual will, because of the privacy afforded by living trusts.
What You Can Learn From MJ
And all of that brings us back to the importance of having an estate plan. Simply having assets in joint tenancy isn’t the answer – especially if one owner is incapacitated, or if both die in an accident. In that case, state law would make decisions about distribution of your assets, and custody of your children.
A simple will can take time to go through probate, and incur costly legal fees. That’s why it’s important to create a revocable living trust as part of your “estate plan.”. In it you can name a successor trustee to act on your instructions if you die, or are unable to handle your finances. Having such a trust will keep your assets, and your instructions, private. Then you must re-title your major assets in the name of the trust, which is a simple process.
A well-done plan can save both money, time, and public exposure. In fact, his well-done estate plan may be the only privacy Michael Jackson had in life, or in death. And that’s The Savage Truth.
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