If you're a recent graduate who's struggling to repay your
loans, help is on the way. Starting July 1, the new Income-Based Repayment program can reduce the loan payments of grads with high debt and low incomes to a little as zero. If you owe more than you earn in a year, you will probably qualify.
Income qualifications: The program considers any income earned above 150% of the federal poverty level discretionary. For single people in the continental U.S., that amount is $16,245. It's higher for people with dependents and residents of Alaska and Hawaii.
Of that amount, no more than 15% should go to student loans. If you make less than 150 % of the poverty level, meaning you have no discretionary income, your payment would be zero.
For people earning more, payments would be calculated based on a sliding scale. For example, the traditional 10-year repayment plan might call for $350 a month on $30,000 debt. Under the Income-Based Repayment program, a person who makes $30,000 would pay only $170. The program offers a calculator on its Web site.
If your payments don't cover your loan interest, the unpaid interest will accrue but it won't compound as it would in traditional deferral programs. In other words, interest will not be charged on interest.
Any balances will be forgiven after 25 years. If you enter certain public service fields, the program forgives balances after 10 years.