NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- Institutional investors who've been snapping up homes in Las Vegas, South Florida and other rebounding housing markets have begun branching out to Columbus, Knoxville and other locales well off the beaten path, market watcher RealtyTrac says.
"Institutional buyers have burned through the available inventory of property in the 'first wave' of distressed markets that they invested in, and now they're turning their eyes to other places," RealtyTrac Vice President Daren Blomquist says. "They pretty much have insatiable appetites."
Blackstone Group and other private-equity and hedge-fund firms have been pouring billions of dollars into the housing market in recent years, buying distressed houses by the thousands at low prices and turning properties into rentals.
The big players typically offer all-cash deals at a time some areas still have too few buyers, especially those who can qualify for mortgages.
Blomquist says institutional investors initially focused on Miami, Phoenix and some of the other cities hardest hit by the housing bust, but have started to look elsewhere in recent months.
He says that's partly because institutional activity in those early markets drove prices sharply higher and slashed inventories of available homes. Blomquist adds that institutions are also raising so much money from clients who want in on the game that firms have had to find more and more properties to buy.
The expert believes institutional buyers have expanded their focus from severely depressed markets with huge potential price appreciation to more run-of-the-mill areas that offer decent rents but only modest likely capital gains. "Home-price appreciation isn't a core piece of their strategy," Blomquist says.
The trend seems to be benefiting several cities in America's heartland.
For instance, RealtyTrac found that institutional investors (defined as any entity that bought at least 10 homes anywhere in America over the past year) accounted for 21.4% of all February home sales in Ohio's capital, Columbus.
That's up from a 13.3% share in February 2013 and makes Columbus the institutional market's second-favorite locale among U.S. metro areas with 500,000 people or more. (Atlanta, which has long been popular with big players, is No. 1.).
Other cities that are off the beaten path have seen institutional sales rise even more sharply over the past year, including:
- Knoxville, Tenn. Institutional purchases jumped to 18.2% of all Knoxville-area home sales during February -- good for third place among big metro areas. That's also a huge boost from the 3.3% market share that institutions accounted for a year ago.
- Little Rock, Ark. Big players bought 12.1% of all residences sold in Arkansas' state capital in February, or nearly quadruple the 3.2% proportion seen one year earlier.
- Milwaukee. Institutions poured enough money into the Brew City's housing market during February to account for 9.2% of all local home purchases. That's way above the 3.5% of deals they were involved in during the same month last year.
- Scranton, Pa. Big investors accounted for 3.9% of Scranton's February home purchases, or nearly three time the 1.5% rate they recorded in February 2013.
- Albuquerque, N.M. New Mexico's largest city saw large investors buy 5.4% of all local homes sold during February. That's more than twice the 2.2% institutional share of one year earlier.
Blomquist and other market watchers say the big players' expansion across America offers the housing sector positives and negatives.
On the upside, institutional investors are boosting prices and getting some long-depressed markets moving again. That's good news for sellers, as well as for small investors who want to buy fixer-uppers and "flip" them to the big boys.
But critics fear institutional purchasers could price "regular" buyers out of the market or even create a fresh housing bubble.
"[Consumers] need to be really patient and cautious in these markets, because they're going to get beat out of a lot of deals by institutional investors," Blomquist says. "The temptation will be there to [overbid], but buyers have to remember that real estate runs in cycles. They should never feel they have to get into a market right now or miss their opportunity forever."