NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- The outlook for coal and iron ore producers is bleak amid a backdrop of rising oversupply and concerns around Chinese growth.
That's the assessment from several brokers and fund managers that have slashed their ratings on key energy stocks in the past few days.
The iron ore price has dived 17% so far this year to $111.90, its lowest level since October 2012.
A key trigger for weakness has been lower economic growth expectations for China, which consumes about two-thirds of the world's iron ore supply.
European demand is expected to remain weak this year while new supply comes on board from Australia, South Africa and Columbia. As a result, Australia's Bureau of Resources and Energy Economics said this week that it expected benchmark iron ore prices to average $110 a tonne in 2013 down from its previous forecast of $119.
UBS described downside risks for the iron ore price as "formidable" and said it expected significant supply growth from Rio Tinto (RIO), BHP Billiton (BHP) and Fortescue. The broker initiated coverage of Cliffs Natural Resources (CLF) with a neutral rating and 12-month target price of $20.
Goldman Sachs analysts noted industry talk suggested contract negotiations between Asian steelmakers and Australian coal producers could result in a second-quarter metallurgical coal benchmark under $130, well below first-quarter levels of $143. Confirming these fears, Macquarie Equities analysts said reports claimed Anglo Coal and Nippon Steel had agreed on a second quarter coal benchmark settlement of $120, well below estimates.