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Tomorrow, Jan. 14, 2014, 13 U.S. common stocks are scheduled to go ex-dividend. The dividend yields on these stocks range from 1.2% to 9.1%. All of these stocks can be found on our stocks going ex-dividend section of our dividend calendar.

Highlighted Stocks Going Ex-Dividend Tomorrow:

MFS Government Markets Income

Owners of MFS Government Markets Income (NYSE: MGF) shares as of market close today will be eligible for a dividend of 4 cents per share. At a price of $5.78 as of 9:30 a.m. ET, the dividend yield is 7.8%.

The average volume for MFS Government Markets Income has been 89,500 shares per day over the past 30 days. MFS Government Markets Income has a market cap of $187.8 million and is part of the financial services industry. Shares are up 1.1% year-to-date as of the close of trading on Friday.

STOCKS TO BUY: TheStreet Quant Ratings has identified a handful of stocks that can potentially TRIPLE in the next 12 months. Learn more.

MFS Charter Income

Owners of MFS Charter Income (NYSE: MCR) shares as of market close today will be eligible for a dividend of 5 cents per share. At a price of $9.19 as of 9:35 a.m. ET, the dividend yield is 6.3%.

The average volume for MFS Charter Income has been 169,900 shares per day over the past 30 days. MFS Charter Income has a market cap of $500.0 million and is part of the financial services industry. Shares are up 1.3% year-to-date as of the close of trading on Friday.

STOCKS TO BUY: TheStreet Quant Ratings has identified a handful of stocks that can potentially TRIPLE in the next 12 months. Learn more.

MFS Intermediate Income Fund

Owners of MFS Intermediate Income Fund (NYSE: MIN) shares as of market close today will be eligible for a dividend of 4 cents per share. At a price of $5.28 as of 9:30 a.m. ET, the dividend yield is 9.1%.

The average volume for MFS Intermediate Income Fund has been 502,300 shares per day over the past 30 days. MFS Intermediate Income Fund has a market cap of $625.0 million and is part of the financial services industry. Shares are up 2.1% year-to-date as of the close of trading on Friday.

STOCKS TO BUY: TheStreet Quant Ratings has identified a handful of stocks that can potentially TRIPLE in the next 12 months. Learn more.

Franco-Nevada

Owners of Franco-Nevada (NYSE: FNV) shares as of market close today will be eligible for a dividend of 6 cents per share. At a price of $41.94 as of 9:34 a.m. ET, the dividend yield is 1.7%.

The average volume for Franco-Nevada has been 623,000 shares per day over the past 30 days. Franco-Nevada has a market cap of $6.1 billion and is part of the metals & mining industry. Shares are up 3.3% year-to-date as of the close of trading on Friday.

STOCKS TO BUY: TheStreet Quant Ratings has identified a handful of stocks that can potentially TRIPLE in the next 12 months. Learn more.

Franco-Nevada Corporation operates as a gold-focused royalty and stream company in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Australia, and Africa. The company has interests in platinum group metal, oil and gas, and other resource properties. The company has a P/E ratio of 106.20.

TheStreet Ratings rates Franco-Nevada as a hold. The company's strengths can be seen in multiple areas, such as its largely solid financial position with reasonable debt levels by most measures, expanding profit margins and notable return on equity. However, as a counter to these strengths, we also find weaknesses including a generally disappointing performance in the stock itself, unimpressive growth in net income and weak operating cash flow. You can view the full Franco-Nevada Ratings Report now.

Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan

Owners of Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan (NYSE: POT) shares as of market close today will be eligible for a dividend of 35 cents per share. At a price of $33.80 as of 9:35 a.m. ET, the dividend yield is 4.2%.

The average volume for Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan has been 6.5 million shares per day over the past 30 days. Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan has a market cap of $28.5 billion and is part of the chemicals industry. Shares are up 2% year-to-date as of the close of trading on Friday.

STOCKS TO BUY: TheStreet Quant Ratings has identified a handful of stocks that can potentially TRIPLE in the next 12 months. Learn more.

Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan Inc., together with its subsidiaries, produces and sells fertilizers and related industrial and feed products primarily in the United States and Canada. The company mines and produces potash, which is used as fertilizer. The company has a P/E ratio of 14.72.

TheStreet Ratings rates Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan as a hold. The company's strengths can be seen in multiple areas, such as its expanding profit margins and largely solid financial position with reasonable debt levels by most measures. However, as a counter to these strengths, we also find weaknesses including feeble growth in the company's earnings per share, deteriorating net income and weak operating cash flow. You can view the full Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan Ratings Report now.

More About Dividends:

One benefit of owning a stock is the potential that you will be paid a dividend. The distribution of dividend payments is another way for a company to share its profit with you. A dividend means that the company pays you a certain amount of money, either as a one-time payment or more commonly on a quarterly basis, for each share of stock you own.

Many times, dividends come at the expense of greater price appreciation, because the company is distributing its profits to shareholders rather than reinvesting the profits back into the growth of the company. However, companies that pay dividends can be very attractive to investors when they offer a steady stream of income. There are some important terms and dates an investor should be familiar with before purchasing any dividend-paying companies. Let's work through an example to help better explain some of these terms:

On March 1, ABC Widget Company has decided that because it holds excess cash and lacks investment opportunities, it would like to reward shareholders with a regular quarterly dividend payment. The date for this particular announcement is known as the declaration date. It is on this date that the company announces the specific dividend payment along with the holder-of-record date (aka record date) and the payment date. The company announces that a dividend payment of 25 cents per share will be payable March 31, 2012 (the payment date) to all shareholders of record at the close of business on March 16, 2012 (holder-of-record date). What does this all mean? Well the short story is that the company looks at its records on March 16 and anyone listed on the books as an owner of ABC Widget company will be eligible for the dividend payment (on March 31).

The one other important term to remember is the ex-dividend date. The ex-dividend date (typically two trading days before the holder-of-record date for U.S. securities) is the day in which a company begins trading without the dividend. In order to have a claim on a dividend, shares must be purchased no later than the last business day before the ex-dividend date. A company trading ex-dividend will have the upcoming dividend subtracted from the share price at the start of the trading day. Many times, the price of a stock will increase in anticipation of the upcoming dividend as the ex-dividend date approaches, yet will fall back by the amount of the dividend on the ex-dividend date.

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