NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- Sell-side analysts usually steer clear of hanging their bank stock picks on book value these days, but there are still some large banks that look exceedingly cheap on this basis. There was a time, only a couple of years back, when investors with long-term horizons could easily scoop up big bank stocks trading just above half tangible book value. Depending on the timing of an investment, this approach netted huge gains for mediocre but grossly undervalued money center banks, such as Bank of America ( BAC), whose stock returned 110% during 2012. Bank of America's stock has returned 21% this year, through Wednesday's close at $13.96. That's just above the company's reported Sept. 30 tangible book value of $13.62 a share. Many analysts and investors prefer at this point to focus on forward price-to-earnings ratios. Bank of America's shares trade for 10.2 times the consensus 2014 earnings estimate of $1.34 a share, among analysts polled by Thomson Reuters. Considering BAC's rather low returns on average tangible common equity (ROTCE) -- 6.97% in the third quarter, improving from 0.95% a year earlier, according to Thomson Reuters Bank Insight -- the stock looks rather expensive on a forward price-to-earnings basis. Discover Financial ( DFS), for example, trades at the same forward P/E as Bank of America, and its third-quarter ROTCE was 24.30%, declining from 25.00% a year earlier. Please see TheStreet'sDiscover Tops List of Cheapest Banks With Greatest Returns for a discussion of the bank stocks with high ROTCE trading at lowest forward P/Es.
Big Bank Book Value Picks
Shares of Citigroup ( C) closed at $48.62 Wednesday and traded for 0.9 times their reported Sept. 30 tangible book value of $54.52. The stock is also quite cheap on a forward P/E basis, trading just below nine times the consensus 2014 EPS estimate of $5.43. Citigroup's recovery continues, as the company's runoff assets in the "bad bank" subsidiary Citi Holdings declined 29% year-over-year to $122 billion as of Sept. 30 and represented just 6% of total assets. Regulatory capital keeps building, and KBW's analyst team earlier this week estimated that Citi will be approved for $7.686 million in common share buybacks following the Federal Reserve's 2014 stress tests in March.