By Matt SedenskyEDITOR'S NOTE: Aging America is a joint AP-APME project examining the aging of the baby boomers and the impact that this so-called silver tsunami has had on society. ANAHEIM, Calif. -- Not happy with your job? Just wait. A study by The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research finds that 9 in 10 workers who are age 50 or older say they are very or somewhat satisfied with their job. Older workers reported satisfaction regardless of gender, race, educational level, political ideology and income level. Consider Oscar Martinez. If Disneyland ( DIS) truly is the happiest place on earth, Martinez may be one of its happiest workers. Never mind that at 77, the chef already has done a lifetime of work. Or that he must rise around 3 a.m. each day to catch a city bus in time for breakfast crowds at Carnation Cafe, one of the park's restaurants. With 57 years under his apron, he is Disneyland's longest-serving employee. "To me, when I work, I'm happy," said Martinez, who's not sure he ever wants to retire. Though research has shown people across age groups are more likely to report job satisfaction than dissatisfaction, older workers consistently have expressed more happiness with their work than younger people have. The AP-NORC survey found significant minorities of people reporting unwelcome comments at work about their age, being passed over for raises and promotions, and other negative incidents related to being older. But it was far more common to note the positive impact of their age. Six in 10 said colleagues turned to them for advice more often and more than 4 in 10 said they felt they were receiving more respect at work. Older workers generally have already climbed the career ladder, increased their salaries and reached positions where they have greater security, so more satisfaction makes sense, says Tom Smith, director of the General Social Survey, one of the most comprehensive polls of American attitudes. "It increases with age," said Smith, whose biannual survey is conducted by NORC at the University of Chicago. "The older you are, the more of all these job-related benefits you're going to have." Looking at the 40-year history of the GSS, the share of people saying they are very or moderately satisfied with their jobs rises steadily with each ascending age group, from just above 80% for those under 30 to about 92% for those 65 and older.
The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research Poll on the job satisfaction of Americans age 50 and over was conducted from Aug. 8-Sept. 10 by NORC at the University of Chicago. It is based on landline and cellphone interviews with a nationally representative random sample of 1,024 adults 50 years old and older. Interviews included 815 respondents on landline telephones and 209 on cellphones.Digits in the phone numbers dialed were generated randomly to reach households with unlisted and listed landline and cellphone numbers.Interviews were conducted in both English and Spanish.As is done routinely in surveys, results were weighted, or adjusted, to ensure that responses accurately reflect the population's makeup by factors such as age, sex, education, employment status and race. In addition, the weighting took into account patterns of phone use -- landline only, cellphone only and both -- by region.No more than 1 time in 20 should chance variations in the sample cause the results to vary by more than plus or minus 4.1 percentage points from the answers that would be obtained if all adults 50 years old and older in the U.S. were polled.There are other sources of potential error in polls, including the wording and order of questions.The survey was sponsored by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, which makes grants to support original research and whose Working Longer program seeks to expand understanding of aging Americans' work patterns.The questions and results are available here.Associated Press Director of Polling Jennifer Agiesta and News Survey Specialist Dennis Junius contributed to this report. Matt Sedensky, an AP writer on leave, is studying aging and workforce issues as part of a one-year fellowship at the AP-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research, which joins NORC's independent research and AP journalism. The fellowship is funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and supported by APME, an association of AP member newspapers and broadcast stations.