If you're considering renting a house, you're not alone. The number of single-family rentals grew by 21 percent between 2005 and 2010, according to the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey. Compared to apartments, single-family rentals offer most of the amenities of homeownership, but without the mortgage. However, it's up to you to make sure that your family will feel safe and be healthy in the rental you choose. Here are 10 questions you should ask when renting a single-family home.
No. 1: What kind of smoke alarms?
A. Earlier this year, the American Society of Home Inspectors (ASHI) urged homeowners to replace ionization fire alarms, which account for over 90 percent of alarms in use, with photoelectric sensing alarms. ASHI said smoke alarms have failed to provide warning in too many cases.
"All of the facts tell us that photoelectric alarms provide superior protection in real-world fatal fires," says Bill Jacques, president of the ASHI in Charleston, S.C. "We recommend that homeowners replace their ionization alarms with photoelectric alarms whenever possible."
However, the National Fire Protection Association advises that both types of smoke alarm technologies should be used because they work differently. Be sure to ask the landlord if both types of alarms have been installed.
No. 2: Where are the smoke detectors?
A. Building codes require a smoke detector be affixed to the ceiling above a bedroom and in any other room such as a kitchen or fireplace where a fire could start.
Local codes may also require landlords to have operating carbon monoxide detectors, says Brenton Hayden, CEO of Renters Warehouse, the nation's third largest property management company serving single-family rentals, in Minneapolis. Make sure fire extinguishers are recharged and onsite, and ask if the home has been inspected by the fire marshal.
No. 3: Is the home secure?A. Look for home safety features like solid doors with keyed locks and dead bolts on outside doors, peepholes in the doors, security cameras and security systems, says Hayden.
No. 4: Is the outside properly lit?Lighting may be subject to vandalism. Security lights should either be mounted very high, or protected by wire mesh or tough polycarbonate shields. Make sure that there is outside lighting so that you can walk safely to and from your car at night, says Hayden.
No. 5: What about radon?A. Tenants should ask if the home has been tested for radon because long-term exposure to radon can lead to lung cancer and other health issues. While radon is a problem in some areas more than others, "it's easy to remediate," says Hayden. "Basically, it involves a fan underneath the house and a vent to the outside."
No. 6: Is there lead paint?A. According to the EPA, if the home was built before 1978, there's a good chance it contains lead paint. Lead paint may be found on virtually any surface in the home, but is most dangerous on areas a child can reach, such as window sills and doors. Federal law requires landlords to provide renters with the following:
- The "Protect Your Family From Lead In Your Home" pamphlet
- Any knowledge of existing lead paint
- An amendment to the lease which states that lead paint issues have been revealed and discussed
"There are non-profits that will remediate lead paint if a tenant can't afford it," says Hayden.