James Dennin, Kapitall: Inversion – moving your headquarters to avoid taxes – lets businesses buy smaller competitors overseas. So what? It costs a lot of money to move entire offices. At least that's what Texas Governor Rick Perry is learning – as his expensive trips to court companies based elsewhere have yielded few results. [Read more about M&As from Kapitall: Ad-Mega Merger: What the Publicis Omnicom Group Means for Advertising] Texas seems to want more businesses based within its borders. But even the litany of tax breaks that Perry can offer aren't always enough to off-set the expense of a costly relocation, and the vast majority of job creation usually comes when companies add on to their existing facilities, rather than abandoning them to make a move. According to Dealbook, when Applied Materials (AMAT) and Tokyo Electron (OTC:TOELF) chose the Netherlands as their headquarters, they had more on their mind than finding neutral territory. In fact, if you look closer at some of the major mergers and acquisitions this year – you'll notice that many of them are basing their operations in tax-friendly havens, often a long way from where the companies were founded. Businesses have sought tax havens for as long as they've existed. And once upon a time, it wasn't even all that hard. All you had to do was open an office somewhere with lower taxes – say, the Cayman Islands or Bermuda - and then reincorporate there. The process is known within the industry as inversion:
- It's a popular way to bring down costs.
- Companies that inverted often save about a hundred million dollars a year.
- This is considerably more than the cost of maintaining a mostly empty office.
- It wasn't until the Jobs Act of 2004 that corporations could only re-incorporate to a place where they practiced "significant business activity."
- When that wasn't enough, the IRS put a number on it - a company must have at least a quarter of its assets somewhere for a re-location to be legal.
It's still too early to gauge whether these were major expansions or a simple act of penny pinching. Congress will probably consider more legislation to protect their tax revenues in the future ( assuming they get back to legislating in the first place). However, it will be hard to prevent companies from avoiding more taxes without making it difficult for anyone to go multinational at all.Are these companies buying smaller rivals simply to appease the IRS, or are there more ambitious plans afoot? Tell us what you think. Click on the interactive chart to see analyst ratings over time. Do you follow mergers and acquisitions as part of your investment strategy? Use the list below as a starting point for your own analysis. 1. Applied Materials Inc. ( AMAT): Provides manufacturing equipment, services, and software to the semiconductor, flat panel display, solar photovoltaic (PV), and related industries worldwide. Market cap at $20.81B, most recent closing price at $17.50.
2. Eaton Corporation ( ETN): Operates as a power management company worldwide. Market cap at $32.03B, most recent closing price at $65.90.
3. Perrigo Co. ( PRGO): Develops, manufactures, and distributes over-the-counter (OTC) and generic prescription (Rx) pharmaceuticals, nutritional products, infant formulas, active pharmaceutical ingredients (API), and pharmaceutical and medical diagnostic products worldwide. Market cap at $12.07B, most recent closing price at $128.18.
4. Actavis, Inc. ( ACT): Engages in developing, manufacturing, marketing, selling, and distributing generic, branded generic, brand, biosimilar, and over-the-counter pharmaceutical products worldwide. Market cap at $18.33B, most recent closing price at $139.80.
5. Ingersoll-Rand Plc ( IR): Engages in the design, manufacture, sale, and service of a portfolio of industrial and commercial products in the United States and internationally. Market cap at $18.18B, most recent closing price at $62.82.
6. Aon Corporation ( AON): Provides risk management, insurance and reinsurance brokerage, and human resource consulting and outsourcing services in the United States and internationally. Market cap at $22.71B, most recent closing price at $71.38.
8. Transocean Ltd. ( RIG): Provides offshore contract drilling services for oil and gas wells worldwide. Market cap at $15.95B, most recent closing price at $44.40.
( List compiled by James Dennin, a Kapitall Writer. Analyst ratings sourced from Zacks Investment Research. All other data sourced from Finviz.)