NEW YORK ( FMD Capital Management) -- With nearly everyone's eyes on the government shutdown and looming debt ceiling deadline, the bond market has been making some subtle moves over the last four weeks.The September announcement by the Federal Reserve that it is full-steam ahead on the asset purchase programs caused a snapback rally in nearly every fixed-income sector. Prior to that event, interest rates had been on a meteoric rise that rivaled any such bond market volatility since the mid-1990s. That caused many income investors to shun their beloved bond exchange-traded funds and mutual funds in favor of cash, dividend-paying stocks or other short-term instruments. However, we are starting to see a semblance of order return to bonds that should be evaluated in the context of whether or not this is a short-term gift to be sold or an intermediate-term opportunity to be captured. The answer is not as easy as pointing to one or the other. Each sector of the bond market offers its own unique opportunities and risks that ripple beneath the surface like a shadowy predator. By analyzing areas of strength and weakness, we can determine what segments offer the best value given the amount of interest rate, credit and other risks. 1. High Yield Continues Its Hot Streak: One area of the bond market that has been on fire this year is short-duration high-yield bonds that have continued to crank out substantial income with low volatility. One of my favorite ETFs to access this space is via the Pimco 0-5 Year High Yield Bond ETF ( HYS), which is currently trading near its 52-week highs. The current yield on this ETF is 4.39%. The advantage of choosing shorter-duration high-yield is that you are further insulated from interest rate risk in the event that we see another move higher in bond yields. The greater danger to this sector is a stumble in the economy, which would deteriorate the credit fundamentals of the companies that issue high-yield bonds. That is why I am avoiding longer-duration securities such as the iShares High Yield Corporate Bond ETF ( HYG). Right now, the benefit of a slightly higher yield just does not match the risk of a more substantial price decline in the event that this sector falls out of favor.