The Debt Ceiling LoomsWhile the shutdown dominates headlines, the upcoming showdown in Congress over the debt ceiling is far more dangerous and could delay Social Security payments scheduled for Nov. 1. Last Wednesday, as lawmakers sought a last-minute deal to keep the entire federal government operating, Treasury Secretary Jack Lew in a letter to Speaker of the House John Boehner (R., Ohio) said the "extraordinary measures" the Treasury was taking to maintain its borrowing power will "be exhausted no later than Oct. 17," unless the $16.7 trillion federal debt limit is raised. Republicans in the House of Representatives may quickly change their minds about how much political damage they are taking from the shutdown and stop attempting to delay the implementation of the Affordable Care Act -- lovingly termed Obamacare -- for one year. But Republicans have long hung their hats on extracting concessions from Democrats and President Obama every time the U.S. hits its statutory debt limit. Economists and Washington researchers have said the impact of the shutdown is likely to be minimal, but there is quite a variance of opinion over the debit ceiling. In his Washington Update on Tuesday, KBW analyst Brian Gardner wrote that "we think chances are increasing that Washington fails to reach a debt ceiling agreement by October 17." "It seems that investors think that Treasury can prioritize payments so that no bond payment would be missed," Gardener wrote, adding "Administration officials continue to push back against this view but for now, we think it restrains volatility." The stock market's reaction to the shutdown on Tuesday was quite positive, but that may change over the next two weeks. And if we move to the "brave new world" of the Treasury flailing after the federal debt limit is exceeded, things could get ugly in a hurry. If Congress were unable to raise the federal debt limit, "In all likelihood, the Treasury would not have enough cash on hand to make a scheduled Social Security payment of nearly $25bn on 1st November," according to Paul Ashworth, the chief U.S. economist for Capital Economics. In a note on Tuesday, Ashworth wrote that the government "would also be unable to meet a debt interest payment of roughly $30bn that will fall due on 15th November, potentially triggering a technical default." Without an agreement in Congress to raise the federal debt limit, the U.S. economic recovery could face a serious threat from a sharp rise in long-term interest rates. This of course seems very unlikely at the moment, and the market sent the yield on 10-year U.S. Treasury bonds up only two basis points to 2.66%. But if the shutdown drags on, as we get closer to Oct. 17, investors can expect much more volatility as faith wanes in the U.S. government's ability to pay its bills.
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