Choppy Stocks Slump as Markets Parse Fed Minutes

NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- Major U.S. stock markets closed lower Wednesday despite a stronger-than-expected home resale report as investors remained jittery about the prospects of a near-term decline in monthly bond purchases by the Federal Reserve.

Markets dipped slightly lower in the morning until minutes from the Federal Open Market Committee's latest policy-making meeting emerged to further sink markets on worries that the central bank may begin to taper its stimulus program in September. The U.S. equity indices then pared the losses and spiked into positive territory, before settling back below the flatline.

The S&P 500 shed 0.58% to close at 1,642.80. The Dow Jones Industrial Average slumped 0.7% to close at 14,897.55. The Nasdaq lost 0.38% to close at 3,599.79.

"There's no news there," said Brad McMillan, chief investment officer at Commonwealth Financial. "The market looked at it and said, 'Oh my gosh, they're going to taper; Oh my gosh maybe they won't; oh my gosh we're back where we were.'"

Existing-home sales rose to a three-year high and greater-than-expected seasonally adjusted annual rate of 5.39 million for July from a downwardly-revised pace of 5.06 million in June, according to the National Association of Realtors. Economists on average were expecting existing home sales to come in at 5.15 million for last month.

Before the market open, data showed that U.S. home loan applications declined a second consecutive week for the week of Aug. 16, according to the Mortgage Bankers Association. Its seasonally adjusted index of mortgage application activity covering refinancing and home purchase demand slipped 4.6% as 30-year mortgage rates climbed 12 basis points to 4.68%.

Millan Mulraine, a New York-based senior U.S. macro strategist at TD Securities, wrote in a note that overall the existing home sales report was very encouraging and provides further confirmation of progress of a more normal housing market recovery. However, he cautions also that the upside surprise on the headline print "exaggerates" the true underlying tone in the housing market.

"The level of sales is likely to have been flattered by the rush of potential buyers into the market to lock-in lower mortgage rates," Mulraine explained. "Given this, we expect to see some moderation in activity in the coming months, as higher mortgage rates take some of the air from the recovery."

Staples ( SPLS) plummeted 15.3% to close at $14.27, and was the biggest decliner in the S&P after the office products company missed second-quarter earnings estimates by 2 cents at 16 cents a share and posted lower-than-expected revenue amid weak international sales and customer traffic. The company has slashed its full-year earnings guidance.

PetSmart ( PETM) was the next biggest laggard, down 5.33% to close at $71, after the pet supplies retailer reported second-quarter earnings of 89 cents a share, vs. the average analyst estimate of 86 cents a share, on in-line revenue of $1.7 billion.

Analog Devices ( ADI ), lost 1.9% to close at $46.95, after it issued fourth-quarter outlook that was disappointing to some analysts. The company posted an earnings guidance range of 55 cents to 61 cents a share on revenue $675 million to $700 million; the Wall Street earnings target had been 59 cents a share on revenue of $698.5 million.

Lowe's ( LOW) was one of the biggest advancers in the S&P, popping 3.9% to $45.81 after the second-largest U.S. home-improvement retailer reported second-quarter earnings of 88 cents a share on revenue of $15.71 billion, beating the average analyst earnings estimate of 79 cents a share on revenue of $15.06 billion thanks to the strengthening housing market.

The benchmark 10-year Treasury was shedding 20/32, lifting the yield to 2.891%.

December gold futures closed down $2.50 to close at $1,370.10 an ounce and October crude oil futures were off $1.26 to settle at $103.85 a barrel.

-- Written by Andrea Tse and Joe Deaux in New York

>To contact the writer of this article, click here: Andrea Tse.>

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