8. -- Royal Dutch Shell ( RDS.A) said Thursday that second-quarter earnings fell 57% on impairment charges, lower production and higher costs. Net profit declined to $1.74 billion from $4.08 billion in the year-earlier quarter; the latest quarter included a $2.2 billion impairment charge on its shale oil assets in North America. 9. -- Automakers such as General Motors ( GM) and Ford ( F) are expected to report auto sales for July throughout the day Thursday. Analysts expect that sales in the month rose about 15% from a year earlier. 10. -- President Barack Obama nominated Sarah Bloom Raskin, a member of the Federal Reserve board, to serve as deputy Treasury secretary, the second-highest position at the Treasury. -- Written by Joseph Woelfel >To contact the writer of this article, click here: Joseph Woelfel >To submit a news tip, send an email to: email@example.com.