NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- What's the key for staying in the banking business? Easy -- take lower risks, says Joe Ficalora, CEO of New York Community Bancorp ( NYCB). He spoke to TheStreet's Debra Borchardt about the bank.

The bank has been around for more than 150 years but has only been public for the last 20. It's impressive that the company has made it through both the Great Depression and the Great Recession.

Ficalora says it all boils down to risk management.

"We're a very risk-averse company," Ficalora said. It's one of the most active lenders on rent-regulated housing. Unlike many other banks that were going out of business because of the decimated housing market, New York Community Bancorp actually lost very little money, he pointed out.

In fact, the bank turned down nearly $600 million in government TARP funding, simply because it didn't need it. He added that the bank probably turned down more money than anyone else in the country.

The firm has gone from one bank in 1859 to 274 today, and Ficalora doesn't plan to slow down anytime soon. He added that the company has been looking to grow through acquisitions, and that is one of the main reasons why it went public.

He added the bank is in a unique position to maximize shareholder benefits during stressful times because of its limited risk exposure.

When asked about the key to success, the community bank executive told Borchardt, "The customer who deposits money in a bank is not creating risk. The customer who borrows money from a bank creates meaningful risks."

Meaning that banks go out of business because of the assets, not the liabilities. He concluded that the firm has longstanding relationships with families that have assets on which the bank is comfortable lending.

-- Written by Bret Kenwell in Petoskey, Mich. .

Bret Kenwell currently writes, blogs and also contributes to Robert Weinstein's Weekly Options Newsletter. Focuses on short-to-intermediate-term trading opportunities that can be exposed via options. He prefers to use debit trades on momentum setups and credit trades on support/resistance setups. He also focuses on building long-term wealth by searching for consistent, quality dividend paying companies and long-term growth companies. He considers himself the surfer, not the wave, in relation to the market and himself. He has no allegiance to either the bull side or the bear side.

If you liked this article you might like

Nvidia Is 1 of 30 Well-Known Stocks That Look Ready to Abruptly Change Direction

Nvidia Is 1 of 30 Well-Known Stocks That Look Ready to Abruptly Change Direction

Who's Afraid of the Amazon Empire?: Cramer's 'Mad Money' Recap (Thursday 6/22/17)

Who's Afraid of the Amazon Empire?: Cramer's 'Mad Money' Recap (Thursday 6/22/17)

Citigroup, Zoetis, AbbVie, Mattel, Valeant Pharmaceuticals 'Mad Money' Lightning Round

Citigroup, Zoetis, AbbVie, Mattel, Valeant Pharmaceuticals 'Mad Money' Lightning Round

Community Banks Could Be Big Winners in Treasury Regulation Overhaul

Community Banks Could Be Big Winners in Treasury Regulation Overhaul

Bigger Bank Deals Get Green Light With Fed's Easing of Merger Hurdle

Bigger Bank Deals Get Green Light With Fed's Easing of Merger Hurdle