Net RevenuesInvestment Banking Net revenues in Investment Banking were $1.55 billion, 29% higher than the second quarter of 2012 and essentially unchanged compared with the first quarter of 2013. Net revenues in Financial Advisory were $486 million, slightly higher than the second quarter of 2012. Net revenues in the firm’s Underwriting business were $1.07 billion, 45% higher than the second quarter of 2012. This increase primarily reflected significantly higher net revenues in debt underwriting, due to leveraged finance activity, and in equity underwriting, primarily reflecting an increase in industry-wide activity. The firm’s investment banking transaction backlog was essentially unchanged compared with the end of the first quarter of 2013. (8) Institutional Client Services Net revenues in Institutional Client Services were $4.31 billion, 11% higher than the second quarter of 2012 and 16% lower than the first quarter of 2013. Net revenues in Fixed Income, Currency and Commodities Client Execution were $2.46 billion, 12% higher than the second quarter of 2012, reflecting significantly higher net revenues in currencies, credit products and commodities. These increases were partially offset by significantly lower net revenues in mortgages and lower net revenues in interest rate products. Although Fixed Income, Currencies and Commodities Client Execution operated in a generally favorable environment during the first half of the quarter, market conditions across products became more challenging during the latter part of the quarter, as interest rates and market volatility increased. Net revenues in Equities were $1.85 billion, 9% higher than the second quarter of 2012. Excluding net revenues from the firm’s reinsurance business (9), net revenues in Equities were 23% higher compared with the same period last year, reflecting significantly higher net revenues in equities client execution, which reflected significantly higher net revenues in derivatives and cash products. Commissions and fees were higher, primarily in Asia, due to an increase in activity and higher market values. Securities services net revenues were lower compared with the second quarter of 2012. Excluding the decline attributable to the sale of the firm’s hedge fund administration business in 2012, securities services net revenues were essentially unchanged. During the quarter, Equities operated in an environment generally characterized by higher volatility levels, particularly in Asia. The net gain attributable to the impact of changes in the firm’s own credit spreads on borrowings for which the fair value option was elected was $59 million ($32 million and $27 million related to Fixed Income, Currency and Commodities Client Execution and equities client execution, respectively) for the second quarter of 2013, compared with a net gain of $6 million for the second quarter of 2012.