Economy Adds 175,000 Jobs, but Trouble Lies Ahead

NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- The Labor Department announced Friday that the economy added 175,000 jobs in May, but that is hardly the 360,000 jobs needed each month to bring unemployment down to 6% over the next three years.

The jobless rate remained steady rose to 7.6%, from 7.5% in April.

Adding in discouraged adults and part-timers who want full-time jobs, the unemployment rate becomes 13.8%. And, for many years, inflation-adjusted wages have been falling and income inequality rising -- this remains a buyers market.

Sluggish growth is one culprit -- the Bush expansion delivered only 2.1% annual GDP growth -- that's about the same as the Obama recovery after 45 months.

Now, defense cutbacks negotiated with Congress during President Obama's first term have subtracted some $62 billion from federal spending since last fall, and an additional $200 billion in higher taxes and sequestration spending cuts are further reducing consumer outlays and government spending in the second and third quarters of this year.

With all this fiscal drag, economists expect growth to slow to less than 2% in the second quarter, and jobs creation is likely to slow through the spring and summer.

With southern Europe's depression dampening continental demand for goods made in Germany and other northern European nations, the prospects for U.S. exports and cut-priced competition from Europe in U.S. markets is heating up -- growth and jobs creation could stay depressed for a long time.

Similarly, the Japanese prime minister's much-heralded stimulus and reforms appear to come down to debasing the nation's currency to jack up exports to North America and very little else. Labor market reforms have been shelved, and there's no sign Japan will ease immigration policy or provide new incentives for family formation to counter its declining population. That spells yet more cut-rate competition for U.S. manufacturers.

It is hard to imagine the Federal Reserve could do more to support growth. Already, it is buying virtually all the new mortgage-backed securities and 70% of the new federal debt issued each month.

This is keeping interest rates low and boosting new home construction, but new home construction is less than 3% of the economy and cannot carry the recovery.

And low rates penalize the elderly who rely on CDs and fixed-income investments, reducing their spending on goods and services. Many cash strapped elderly have returned to work, often taking jobs from younger workers.

Stronger growth would help and is possible. Forty-five months into the Reagan recovery, GDP was advancing at a 5% annual pace. Nowadays, that pace would bring unemployment down to 5% pretty quickly.

More rapid growth requires importing less and exporting more -- dealing with the $450 billion trade deficit on oil, by drilling more offshore and in Alaska, and with China, by addressing its undervalued currency and protectionism.

Faster growth also requires right-sizing business regulations to make investing in new jobs less expensive and time-consuming. Regulatory enforcement is needed to protect the environment, consumers and financial stability but must be delivered cost effectively and quickly to add genuine value.

Overall, more jobs require trimming back on tax increases and spending cuts, and more pro-growth trade, energy and regulatory policies.

This article is commentary by an independent contributor, separate from TheStreet's regular news coverage.

Professor Peter Morici, of the Robert H. Smith School of Business at the University of Maryland, is a recognized expert on economic policy and international economics. Prior to joining the university, he served as director of the Office of Economics at the U.S. International Trade Commission. He is the author of 18 books and monographs and has published widely in leading public policy and business journals, including the Harvard Business Review and Foreign Policy. Morici has lectured and offered executive programs at more than 100 institutions, including Columbia University, the Harvard Business School and Oxford University. His views are frequently featured on CNN, CBS, BBC, FOX, ABC, CNBC, NPR, NPB and national broadcast networks around the world.

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