These positive factors are somewhat offset by the payment of significant stockholder dividends to AFG over the recent five-year period, elevated common stock leverage and adverse loss development in certain lines of business. While Great American has reported favorable loss reserve development in recent calendar years, there have been areas of adverse reserve development over the recent five-year period, particularly relating to the run-off of its environmental and asbestos (A&E) claims. Despite these offsetting factors, the outlook for the ratings reflects the group's excellent risk-adjusted capitalization, solid underwriting performance through all phases of the market cycle, experienced management team and balanced portfolio of specialty risks that are enhanced by its geographic diversification.Mid-Continent’s ratings reflect its solid risk-adjusted capitalization, very strong operating performance achieved over the long term and successful position within its targeted markets. The group's favorable underwriting and operating results reflect management's proven product knowledge, focus on accurate pricing, and commitment to conservative reserving standards. The group also benefits from the financial flexibility provided by its ultimate parent, AFG. These positive rating factors are partially offset by the significant stockholder dividends paid to AFG, which has reduced policyholder surplus during the recent five-year period, and the group's relatively limited geographic spread of business. American Empire’s ratings acknowledge its superior risk-adjusted capitalization, strong operating performance over the long term within the excess and surplus lines marketplace, and the successful track record of the executive team in managing operations through all phases of the market cycle. American Empire’s strong operating performance reflects the highly profitable underwriting results, a low-cost operating structure and solid investment income despite a reduction in the invested asset base. The group's underwriting results are reflective of management's disciplined underwriting approach, pricing integrity and strong product and market knowledge. The ratings also reflect the benefits of the financial flexibility provided by its ultimate parent, AFG.
These positive rating factors are partially offset by the demonstrated sensitivity of the group's premium volume to the property/casualty market cycle, the impact of reduced premium on operating results and the significant level of stockholder dividends paid during the recent five-year period.The ratings of Republic Indemnity are based on its historically strong operating performance, solid capitalization achieved through profitable operations and the executive management team's successful track record in managing operations through all phases of the market cycle, primarily within California. The ratings also recognize the implicit and explicit support provided by its ultimate parent, AFG, which has infused capital as needed to maintain Republic Indemnity's risk-adjusted capitalization. These positive rating factors are somewhat offset by the downturn in underwriting performance in recent years relative to the group's historical profitability levels, an elevated underwriting expense measure that has increased as premium volume declined, the cumulative impact of stockholder dividends paid to AFG, and the group's concentrated business risk, operating as a monoline workers' compensation insurer with a high concentration of premium volume in California. AFG’s total debt to total capital (excluding accumulated other comprehensive income) and interest coverage ratios remain within A.M. Best’s guidelines for its current ratings. Also, AFG maintains sound liquidity with approximately $1.7 billion in cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2012, with access to a $500 million revolving credit facility. AFG has no material debt maturing until 2019, further benefitting its liquidity position. AFG relies on stockholder dividends from its subsidiaries to fund interest expenses, repurchase company stock, redeem debt, re-allocate capital to support its operating entities and for other corporate purposes. Nonetheless, management remains committed to maintaining capital at the rated entities at levels commensurate with their ratings. Positive rating actions could be taken on the ratings of AFG’s property/casualty subsidiaries if operating results remain in line with higher rated peers in the commercial casualty composite while maintaining a strong level of risk-adjusted capitalization. Positive actions on the ratings of AFG could result from favorable actions on the ratings of its key subsidiaries.
Key factors that could trigger negative rating actions on the group's ratings include a material deterioration of underwriting and operating results, particularly if the resulting performance is materially below similarly rated peers, which results in weakening in risk-adjusted capitalization below A.M. Best’s expectations, and an increase in the financial leverage or reduction in the interest coverage at AFG to a level that is out of line with its current ratings.For a complete listing of American Financial Group, Inc. and its subsidiaries’ FSRs, ICRs and debt ratings, please visit www.ambest.com/press/022203americanfinancialgroup.pdf. The methodology used in determining these ratings is Best’s Credit Rating Methodology, which provides a comprehensive explanation of A.M. Best’s rating process and contains the different rating criteria employed in the rating process. Key criteria utilized include: “Understanding BCAR for Property/Casualty Insurers”; “Understanding Universal BCAR”; “Catastrophe Analysis in A.M. Best Ratings”; “Insurance Holding Company and Debt Ratings”; “Rating Members of Insurance Groups”; “Rating Natural Catastrophe Bonds”; “Risk Management and the Rating Process for Insurance Companies”; and “The Treatment of Terrorism Risk in the Rating Evaluation.” Best’s Credit Rating Methodology can be found at www.ambest.com/ratings/methodology. Founded in 1899, A.M. Best Company is the world's oldest and most authoritative insurance rating and information source. For more information, visit www.ambest.com. Copyright © 2013 by A.M. Best Company, Inc. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.