1 The BofA Merrill Lynch US High Yield Cash Pay Constrained Index is an unmanaged index of publicly placed non-convertible, coupon-bearing US dollar denominated below investment grade corporate debt with a term to maturity of at least one year. The index is market weighted, so that larger bond issuers have a greater effect on the index’s return. However, the representation of any single bond issue is restricted to a maximum of 2% of the total index. The index is not leveraged. Investors should note that indices do not reflect the deduction of fees and expenses.2 "Spreads” refers to differences between the yield paid on US Treasury bonds and other types of debt, such as emerging market bonds.