Nadine Chakar, executive vice-president for Global Collateral Services at BNY Mellon, said: "There is an opportunity here for those institutional investors that are natural holders of CCP-eligible collateral, and these assets will be subject to intense demand from banks and other institutional investors to cover margin. The ability to lend such assets, subject of course to adequate risk controls, could therefore be a means of offsetting some of the costs of compliance with the new rules as well as augmenting depressed yields."Jonathan Philp, specialist in OTC clearing & collateral management at Rule Financial, said: "One impact from a portfolio management perspective is the increase in collateral that must be provided to support OTC derivatives activity, whether cleared or not. The danger is that the perceived benefits of central clearing are overwhelmed by the unintended consequence of the costs of compliance being passed through to the policy holder and pension scheme member, for example, whether in the form of constrained, sub-optimal portfolio decisions or the direct costs of adapting to the new market structure." A copy of the paper can be found at http://www.bnymellon.com/foresight/foresight.cfm?id=cs Notes to editors: Global Collateral Services offers a comprehensive suite of capabilities to help our clients address their collateral, liquidity and securities financing needs. As they face evolving global regulations and rapidly changing market requirements, clients can leverage BNY Mellon's products and services to better manage counterparty and market risk in their collateral transactions, engage in more investment opportunities to help maximize their investment returns and access new financing alternatives. BNY Mellon currently services $2 trillion in global collateral (including tri-party repo collateral worldwide) and approximately $100 billion in assets through its Liquidity DIRECT(SM) investment portal, and operates one of the industry's largest securities lending programs, with $3 trillion in lendable assets. BNY Mellon is a global financial services company focused on helping clients manage and service their financial assets, operating in 36 countries and serving more than 100 markets. BNY Mellon is a leading provider of financial services for institutions, corporations and high-net-worth individuals, offering superior investment management and investment services through a worldwide client-focused team. It has $27.9 trillion in assets under custody and administration and $1.4 trillion in assets under management, services $11.6 trillion in outstanding debt and processes global payments averaging $1.4 trillion per day. BNY Mellon is the corporate brand of The Bank of New York Mellon Corporation (NYSE: BK). Additional information is available on www.bnymellon.com or follow us on Twitter @BNYMellon. Rule Financial is a leading independent provider of business and IT services, employing over 500 people in the UK, the USA, Canada, Spain and Poland. Our specialists work alongside their counterparts at the world's leading investment banks, exchanges, central counterparties, institutional investors and hedge funds, helping to lower costs, improve productivity and extract the maximum value from IT investments. We offer our clients end-to-end solutions that solve their complex business and IT issues. Our specialists have a deep understanding of the increasing regulatory pressures faced by financial institutions and a number of our recent engagements have included strategic consultancy and solution delivery around OTC derivatives regulation and the implications of central clearing on integrated systems and collateral management. We cover all aspects of advisory, execution and support services. Our domain specialisms include Securities Finance, Prime Services, Risk Management, Trading, Legal & Compliance and Operations. Our delivery specialisms include advisory and execution services in system development, user-centric design, software development, integration, testing, on-going support and IT outsourcing. Additional information available on www.rulefinancial.com or follow us on Twitter @rulefinancial.