2011 New Scholars Grant AwardsThe National Postdoc-Societies Collaboration to Boost Retention of Women Scientists, National Postdoctoral Association The postdoctoral training period represents a critical transition point in the academic pipeline where the numbers of women scientists and engineers decline significantly. While the relative number of women decreases at every step along a research career path, the heaviest attrition occurs before tenure track and in the fields with the largest numbers of postdocs. Through a grant from the Elsevier Foundation, the National Postdoctoral Association (NPA) will tackle this loss of talent through a targeted collaboration with scientific societies to produce a postdoc guidebook for navigating the academic pipeline. The NPA is a non-profit with an excellent track record of enhancing the quality of the postdoc experience and thereby maximizing the effectiveness of the research community. National Assessments in Gender and Science, Technology and Innovation in Latin America , WISAT The Gender Equality Knowledge Society (GEKS) indicator framework was developed after studies showed that women, particularly in the developing world, continue to be on the wrong side of the digital and innovation divides. Women generally experience lower levels of access to information and technology, and are poorly represented in education, entrepreneurship and employment in Science, Technology and Innovation (STI). Gaps in women's access to resources, opportunities, rights, education, financing, as well as S&T, greatly diminish the potential of a country to achieve progress, reduce poverty, and improve the overall quality of life. This Elsevier Foundation grant follows a 2010 gender-benchmarking grant supporting the assessment of five countries with highly accelerated growth in the research arena: South Korea, India, Brazil, Indonesia and South Africa. The new gender benchmarking studies will provide a Latin American regional focus covering: Argentina, Chile and Mexico. The Appalachian Women Scientists program, Appalachian State University Women scientists often choose to work at smaller institutions because they consider these institutions more family-friendly. However, while they may enjoy better work-life balance, they also have heavier teaching loads, smaller salaries, less internal funding for professional travel and early-career research; weaker on-campus research laboratories, computing and administrative infrastructure. Institutions with fewer faculty members also offer fewer mentors and role models for women scientists, fewer potential collaborators for scientists in highly-specialized fields, and less peer support for early-career scientists who may be the only women (and/or mothers) within their departments. By providing low cost financial, mentoring, and social support for these women scientists and documenting the return on investment in terms of promotion, tenure attainment, retention, and research productivity. Through a grant from the Elsevier Foundation, the Appalachian Women Scientists program will help ensure that women scientists can choose to work at a smaller institution for work-life balance reasons without stunting their research careers.