While I wasn't familiar with the psychology behind my approach to life at the time, I was shifting attribution. As I've read more about attribution theory in the years since the time I started changing my approach, I've come to see how the experts have clearly defined the effects of life philosophies pertaining to attribution.If you do well on a test in school, you can attribute your success to a number of factors. If you perceive your success is due to your effort or your skills, you are likely to have an internal locus of control - you believe that this positive result is the effect of something inside yourself. If you attribute your successful results on luck or ease of the test, your locus of control is external. It's a natural defense mechanism to want to differentiate this locus of control based on the outcome. It's not uncommon, particularly for managers of people to see this among employees who do self-evaluations, for people to focus on external forces when asked about poor results and on internal forces when asked about favorable results. The feeling that bad situations are the result of bad luck, difficulty, or an external event more specific can make it more difficult to succeed financially over the long term. If you don't believe the choices you make every day can have a positive effect in your life, there's no incentive for making better choices. Blaming ourselves for our bad circumstances requires admitting that we've made bad choices. Most people want to feel good about the choices they've made, so there is natural resistance to accepting responsibility. I've heard these external attributions - and in some cases, the one having these thoughts at some point might have been me. I can't get a job because the economy is bad. With companies laying off employees during the recession, this is something I heard frequently over the past few years. The media perpetuate the story that people are having a difficult time staying in their current jobs or finding new ones, and this helps those in the same situation feel like they're going through a tough situation with many other people. There's camaraderie in the unemployed. And that makes it easy to accept that you won't succeed until the economy improves - you're just waiting for the statistics like the unemployment figures to be more in your favor. Once companies start hiring again, once consumer confidence increases, once the public wants to buy products again, you'll have more options.
The best way for most people to reach financial independence over the course of their lives is to be employed at all times. You can't wait around for the economy to improve. You need to adjust if your particular skills aren't needed in today's market. Being able to adapt is one of the biggest factors in your measurement of your human capital, because it means you can meet adversity with the type of thinking needed to survive.A factory worker can lament the loss of jobs with outsourcing or computerization and blame the government for unfavorable policies or blame corporations for looking to save money. He will do much better for himself if he accepts the fact that the skills he has do not meet the needs of an economy that relies more on technology and has more access to distant locations where a family's financial needs are not as cumbersome as they are in this country. The quicker he concludes that he needs to adapt to a changing world, the sooner he can take responsibility for his future and maintain a healthy income that grows into wealth. I keep getting charged fees by my bank, and it's due to their policies. Bank of America customers know that their financial institution is always willing to do whatever it can to collect as much income from fees as possible. A recent lawsuit has resulted in the bank giving partial refunds to current and former customers who were charged several overdraft fees in one day. While the bank's consumer-unfriendly, sneaky policy that maximized its profit by ensuring overdrawn customers would pay the maximum fee possible, it doesn't change the fact that only people who were overdrawing their accounts or who were dangerously close to doing so on a frequent basis were the customers who paid the most. Those living paycheck-to-paycheck or worse were most vulnerable. You can blame the bank for the policy that ordered debits from largest to smallest, but this is an approach that will limit your ability to succeed with your finances. Read the policies, choose a better bank, and save your money so your balance isn't dangerously close to zero. I'm in debt because of a financial emergency. Being a pedestrian being struck by a moving vehicle is one of the worst things that can happen to someone. Hospital bills for major accidents are one of the biggest causes of financial devastation. Losing a job, helping a family member with her own emergency, and going through a natural disaster like Hurricane Katrina or Superstorm Sandy are other reasons - besides compulsive shopping - that people fall into debt without a mechanism in place to get out. While emergencies can never be fully avoided, you can be prepared. You can avoid risk by living somewhere that is not prone to weather-based devastation, though that doesn't limit the possibility completely. You need to have the appropriate level of insurance. That includes automobile, life, health, hurricane, earthquake, flood, disability, long-term care - and enough to cover whatever you might not be able to pay for yourself. You need to have an emergency fund of the appropriate size. With these tools, you can face financial emergencies without jeopardizing your future. I lost money on my investment. This is one of those cases where people love to look for external reasons for their failure rather their own lack of skill or ability in picking an investment. I've seen people absolutely convinced that no real estate purchase is a bad idea significantly overpay for their house and then need to take a significant loss when they needed to sell in the middle of the recession. I've purchased stocks I thought would perform well in the short-term, only to find they did not provide the returns I was hoping for. The list of possible blame recipients is long when it comes to investments gone bad, and here are just a few:
- The market crashed, so it's just a matter of bad timing or bad luck.
- The company's marketing - or even lying - persuaded me to make a bad investment.
- I was fooled by Bernie Madoff or some other swindler, who promised great returns amid a tough economy.
- The company's CEO was involved in a scandal that destroyed the stock's value.
That's just the beginning in terms of taking responsibility for bad investments.Once you come to the conclusion that the choices you make have a direct effect on your finances, you'll be in a much better position for building long-term wealth. If only external forces were to have control over our lives, no one would be able to consistently build wealth or the life they want. Give yourself a chance by recognizing the effect your choices have on your success and failure. The correlation might not always be perfectly clear, but accepting responsibility for outcomes that don't go your way is the first step towards ridding yourself of toxic financial attitudes that prevent you from achieving your potential level of wealth (and separately, life satisfaction).