This column originally appeared on Real Money Pro at 8:44 a.m. EST on Nov. 9.NEW YORK ( Real Money) -- Similar to many, I historically (let's call it over the last five years) failed to recognize how successful a Steve Jobs-led Apple ( AAPL) would be as a disruptive innovator of product. In my " 15 Surprises for 2012" (written eleven months ago), however, I waxed enthusiastically about the prospects for the profit cycle and share price for Apple. ( At that time Apple's shares stood at $403.) Again, in July 2012, I told a positive tale of Apple's long-term prospects. Nonetheless, when the shares hit $700 in late September, I turned cautious in " The Bear Case for Apple." My concerns were multiple and the major risks (most of which I thought would play out over a few years, not a few quarters) were as follows:
- Global economic weakness in 2013 would likely have an adverse impact on Apple's relatively high-priced stable of products.
- Challenges of delivering a high-quality product in quantity.
- The risks associated with the loss of Steve Jobs were being underestimated by the markets.
- Investors may look beyond the recent new product offerings. The steady stream of "wow factor" products in the company's pipeline may be in jeopardy following the release of the iPhone 5 and of iPad mini.
- A changing competitive landscape could be a challenge to the company's market share and profitability.
- Apple's shares were overowned and were the beneficiary of fund flows. The almost religious belief in the company (on the part of individual and institutional investors) represented an extreme in investor sentiment.
- Apple's valuation, though inexpensive relative to the market and its projected growth rate, was very expensive (on a price-to-sales basis) relative to other hardware companies and on an absolute sales basis.