Ability to use skills topples job security as biggest factor influencing how happy people are in their workALEXANDRIA, Va., Oct. 3, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Eighty-one percent of U.S. employees are satisfied overall with their current job, according to the 2012 Job Satisfaction and Engagement Research Report released today by the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM). But fewer than four out of 10 employees report being very satisfied with the elements that have the greatest impact on how they feel about work — opportunities to use skills and abilities; job security; compensation and pay; communication with senior management; and relationship with immediate supervisor. In the 10 years that SHRM has conducted the annual survey, there have been fluctuations in employees' overall satisfaction with their current job. Satisfaction has declined slightly since its peak at 86 percent in 2009. Still, it remains four percentage points above its low of 77 percent in 2002. "Economic, demographic and social trends are among the factors that influence job satisfaction," said Mark Schmit, SHRM's vice president for research. "Satisfaction peaked in 2009 when employees were just glad to have a job. Now we are seeing it trend down some, which may be an indication that employees are starting to look at other opportunities again as the job market is starting to turn a bit more positive. Proactive employers will monitor job satisfaction and introduce change to retain top talent ahead of the trend." In 2012, opportunities to use skills and abilities bumped job security from the No. 1 influencer of job satisfaction. SHRM believes this provides an opportunity for employers that are experiencing a skills gap — difficulty recruiting applicants with the right skills for job openings. By training and promoting current employees to fill positions that require higher-level skills, Schmit noted, employers can open up easier-to-fill positions that require lower-level skills.